Drue Heinz, 1955
|Born||Doreen Mary English|
March 8, 1915
|Died|| (aged 103)|
Lasswade, Midlothian, Scotland
|Spouse(s)||John Mackenzie Robertson |
Dale Wilford Maher (m. 1946–d.1948)
H. J. Heinz II (m. 1953–d.1987)
Drue Heinz (born Doreen Mary English; March 8, 1915 – March 30, 2018) was an American patron of the literary arts, actress, philanthropist and socialite. She was the publisher of the literary magazine The Paris Review (1993 to 2007), co-founded Ecco Press, founded literary retreats and endowed the Drue Heinz Literature Prize among others. She was married to H. J. Heinz II, president of Heinz.
Heinz was born Doreen Mary English in Norfolk, England to Irish parents. Her father, Patrick Harry English, was an Army officer, and her mother was Edith Wodehouse.
Her first husband was John Mackenzie Robertson with whom she had one daughter, Wendy Mackenzie. Her second husband was Dale Wilford Maher, the first Secretary of the U. S. Legation in Johannesburg, South Africa (died 1948). They had a daughter Marigold Randall. In 1953, Drue became the third wife of H. J. Heinz II (1908–1987), then president of Heinz company and heir to the Heinz fortune. With Heinz she became the stepmother of John Heinz (1938–1991) who later became a Pennsylvania United States Senator.
Prior to her marriage to Heinz she was an actress. As "Doreen English" she had a small role in the 1948 movie Uneasy Terms, which starred Michael Rennie. Using the name Drue Mallory, she was cast in three 1950 movies, Please Believe Me, starring Deborah Kerr, Three Came Home and Breakthrough.
The Heinz home in Pittsburgh was called "Goodwood", in Sewickley Heights. They also had an apartment in New York's Upper East Side, and a winter retreat in Hobe Sound, Florida. For many years, their British home was Ascot Place at North Ascot in Winkfield, Berkshire.
Heinz would buy houses, restore them and turn them into writers' retreats. She purchased Hawthornden Castle, a medieval fortress outside Edinburgh, Scotland and made it into a place for writers to live and work called the Hawthornden Literary Retreat. The Heinz Italian home, called Villa Maresi, was on Lake Como in the town of Griante. She called it "Casa Ecco", and writers would go there for discussions. "She was very close to Tom Wolfe, Norman Mailer, Andy Warhol, Harold Pinter and Antonia Fraser," according to Daniel Halpern, founder of Ecco Press. She was reportedly close friends with Tom Stoppard, John Le Carré, Joseph Brodsky, Edna O’Brien and Seamus Heaney.
Of her character, Teresa Heinz said "Drue was a very private person but she came to know an amazing group of people in her life. She was smart and passionate and deeply interested in art, literature, and especially poetry." Of her reputation, Jonathan Galassi, President, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, said
- "Drue Heinz was the great literary philanthropist of our time. The institutions she created and/or supported – among them The Drue Heinz Prize, Antaeus, The Ecco Press and The Paris Review in the United States and the Hawthornden Prize and Hawthornden Castle in the U.K., to name only a few – are monuments to the seriousness and long-standing of her commitments; but it was her personal involvement, her long friendships with J. Laughlin, George Plimpton, and countless writers and editors, that made her generosity so impactful."
Philanthropic and literary career
In 1971, with the encouragement of her friend James Laughlin, she co-founded Ecco Press. In addition to the literary magazine Antaeus, which she funded from 1970 to its closing in 1994, Ecco published many out of print books, and was one of the leading US publishers of poetry.
Heinz began supporting the University of Pittsburgh's fiction prize in 1980. In 1995, she endowed the prize with a $1 million gift at which point it became known as the Drue Heinz Literature Prize. The prize publishes collections of short fiction through the University of Pittsburgh Press. "The revenue from that million has exceeded the needs of the press for publication and promotion of the Heinz books so it keeps growing," said Ed Ochester, editor of the press in 2018. Heinz also endowed the Hawthornden Prize for many years.
When the archives of The Paris Review were sold to the Morgan Library in 1999, Heinz paid the purchase price of $850,000. Heinz was close friends with the founder, George Plimpton, and was herself publisher of the Review from 1993 to 2007. Heinz was among those who helped found the paper in 1953 and over the years help fund it.
In 1970, she restored an old movie theater into the Heinz Hall for the Performing Arts, which was the founding institution of what would later become the Cultural District, Pittsburgh. Heinz gave $10 million to Carnegie Institute for the creation of the Heinz Architectural Center in 1990. Heinz also supported London's Tate Gallery and the Royal Institute of British Architects. Funds from her foundation help publish the Lincoln Center Theater Review.
She was the sponsor of The Royal Oak Foundation's Drue Heinz Lecture Series and served as the Foundation's Honorary Chairman. In 2002, Heinz endowed a Chair jointly held at St. John's College, Oxford and the Rothermere American Institute, University of Oxford called the Drue Heinz Professor of American Literature. She endowed the position of the Drue Heinz Librarian at the American Academy in Rome. She sponsored the Literary Evenings, Monday Night Lecture Series produced by Pittsburgh Arts & Lectures in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and the Drue Heinz Study Center for Drawings and Prints at the National Design Museum. She was on the board of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the MacDowell Colony, the Pierpont Morgan Library, the American Academy in Rome and served on the International Council of the Museum of Modern Art. She joined the board of the Howard Heinz Endowment in 1973, which later became the Heinz Endowments, and became Director Emeritus in 1994. She was also a board member of the Carnegie Museum of Art.
Her private foundation, the Drue Heinz Trust, had assets of $36 million according to its 2015 tax return.
Awards and honors
Heinz was named an Honorary Dame Commander of The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire in July 1995. In 2002, Heinz was selected as an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. She was an Honorary Fellow of Hertford College, Oxford.
- "US philanthropist Drue Heinz dies in Scotland aged 103". STV News. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
- "Drue Heinz 1915 - 2018". Heinz Endowments. March 30, 2018. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
- Marylynne Pitz (March 31, 2018). "Drue Heinz — philanthropist, literary force, widow of H.J. 'Jack' Heinz II — dies at 103". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on April 1, 2018.
- Who Was Who in America with World Notables, Vol. 2, The A.N. Marquis Co., Chicago, 1949, page 341.
- Doreen English entry, IMDB.com. Accessed November 11, 2013.
- Darryl Pinckney (May 10, 2018). "Drue Heinz (1915-2018)". New York Review of Books. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
- Tascarella, Patty (March 30, 2018). "Drue Heinz, prominent philanthropist, dies at age 103". Pittsburgh Business Times. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- Sandomir, Richard (April 4, 2018). "Drue Heinz, a Philanthropist of Literature, Dies at 103". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2018-04-05. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
- "Founding Council | The Rothermere American Institute". Rothermere American Institute. Archived from the original on November 17, 2012. Retrieved November 22, 2012.
- "Current RSL Fellows". Royal Society of Literature. Retrieved April 5, 2017.