Drumheller

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Drumheller
Town
Town of Drumheller
The view from "The World's Largest Dinosaur" facing west over the Red Deer River valley.
The view from "The World's Largest Dinosaur" facing west over the Red Deer River valley.
Flag of Drumheller
Flag
Nickname(s): 
Dinosaur Capital of the World[1]
Location within Alberta
Location within Alberta
Coordinates: 51°27′49″N 112°43′10″W / 51.46361°N 112.71944°W / 51.46361; -112.71944
Country Canada
Province Alberta
RegionSouthern Alberta
Census division5
Adjacent municipal districtsKneehill County, Starland County and Wheatland County
Adjacent special areaSpecial Area No. 2
Founded1911
Incorporated[2] 
 • VillageMay 15, 1913
 • TownMarch 2, 1916
 • CityApril 3, 1930
 • TownJanuary 1, 1998
Amalgamated[2]January 1, 1998
Government
 • MayorHeather Colberg
 • Governing body
 • CAODarryl Drohomerski
 • MPDamien Kurek (Battle River-Crowfoot)
 • MLANate Horner (Drumheller-Stettler)
Area
 (2016)[4]
 • Land108.03 km2 (41.71 sq mi)
Elevation670 m (2,200 ft)
Population
 (2016)[4]
 • Total7,982
 • Density73.9/km2 (191/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
Forward sortation area
Area code(s)+1-403, +1-587
WebsiteOfficial website

Drumheller /drʌmˈhɛlər/ is a town within the Red Deer River valley in the badlands of east-central Alberta, Canada. It is located 110 kilometres (68 mi) northeast of Calgary, and 97 kilometres (60 mi) south of Stettler. The Drumheller portion of the Red Deer River valley, often referred to as Dinosaur Valley, has an approximate width of 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) and an approximate length of 28 kilometres (17 mi).

History[edit]

The Town of Drumheller was named after Samuel Drumheller, who, after purchasing the homestead of Thomas Patrick Greentree, had it surveyed into the original Drumheller townsite and put lots on the market in 1911.

Drumheller became a railway station in 1912.[6] It then incorporated as a village on May 15, 1913, a town on March 2, 1916 and a city on April 3, 1930.[7] Over a 15-year period, Drumheller's population increased 857% from 312 in 1916[8] to 2,987 in 1931[9] shortly after becoming a city.

The City of Drumheller amalgamated with the Municipal District (MD) of Badlands No. 7 on January 1, 1998 to form the current Town of Drumheller.[10] Some of the reasons the two municipalities amalgamated included the MD of Badlands No. 7 having more in common with Drumheller than other surrounding rural municipalities and both were experiencing similar planning and development issues due to their locations within the Red Deer River valley.[11] The amalgamated municipality opted for town status rather than city status so that highways within would remain the responsibility of the Province of Alberta.[12] As a result of the amalgamation, Drumheller became Alberta's largest town in terms of land area at 107.93 square kilometres (41.67 sq mi).[13]

The 1998 amalgamation resulted in Drumheller absorbing six hamlets that were previously under the jurisdiction of the MD of Badlands No. 7 – Cambria, East Coulee, Lehigh, Nacmine, Rosedale and Wayne.[11] Drumheller also previously absorbed the hamlets of Bankview, Midlandvale (Midland), Newcastle and North Drumheller during annexations while under city status.[11] Bankview and Midland were annexed in 1964 and 1972 respectively, while Newcastle and North Drumheller were both annexed in 1967.[11] Other localities within Drumheller, either absorbed through past annexations or its eventual amalgamation with the MD of Badlands No. 7, include Aerial, Eladesor, Kneehill, Rosedale Station, Western Monarch (Atlas)[14] and Willow Creek.[15]

In total, Drumheller has absorbed at least 13 other communities in its history, some of which are now recognized as neighbourhoods or districts within the town.[16]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Town of Drumheller recorded a population of 7,982 living in 3,164 of its 3,471 total private dwellings, a -0.6% change from its 2011 population of 8,029. With a land area of 108.03 km2 (41.71 sq mi), it had a population density of 73.9/km2 (191.4/sq mi) in 2016.[4]

In the 2011 Census, the Town of Drumheller had a population of 8,029 living in 3,182 of its 3,418 total dwellings, a 1.2% change from its 2006 population of 7,932. With a land area of 107.93 km2 (41.67 sq mi), it had a population density of 74.4/km2 (192.7/sq mi) in 2011.[13]

Climate[edit]

Drumheller experiences a Semi-arid climate (BSk). The highest temperature ever recorded in Drumheller was 40.6 °C (105 °F) on 18 July 1941.[17] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −43.9 °C (−47 °F) on 29 January 1996.[18]

Climate data for Drumheller, 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1923−present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
18.0
(64.4)
28.0
(82.4)
33.9
(93.0)
37.0
(98.6)
39.4
(102.9)
40.6
(105.1)
38.1
(100.6)
37.2
(99.0)
33.3
(91.9)
23.9
(75.0)
17.3
(63.1)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F) −6.0
(21.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.7
(38.7)
12.9
(55.2)
18.4
(65.1)
22.1
(71.8)
26.7
(80.1)
26.1
(79.0)
20.0
(68.0)
13.2
(55.8)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
11.4
(52.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.3
(9.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
−2.7
(27.1)
5.9
(42.6)
11.5
(52.7)
15.8
(60.4)
19.4
(66.9)
18.3
(64.9)
12.5
(54.5)
5.9
(42.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−8.8
(16.2)
4.5
(40.1)
Average low °C (°F) −18.6
(−1.5)
−14.6
(5.7)
−9.2
(15.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
4.5
(40.1)
9.4
(48.9)
12.0
(53.6)
10.4
(50.7)
4.9
(40.8)
−1.4
(29.5)
−9.1
(15.6)
−15.1
(4.8)
−2.3
(27.9)
Record low °C (°F) −43.9
(−47.0)
−41.4
(−42.5)
−37.8
(−36.0)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−9.4
(15.1)
−2.8
(27.0)
−2.8
(27.0)
−6.7
(19.9)
−11.7
(10.9)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−42.8
(−45.0)
−43.9
(−47.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.3
(0.48)
10.2
(0.40)
15.0
(0.59)
25.7
(1.01)
47.7
(1.88)
69.3
(2.73)
64.4
(2.54)
51.4
(2.02)
41.2
(1.62)
13.4
(0.53)
11.2
(0.44)
10.4
(0.41)
372.1
(14.65)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.00)
1.5
(0.06)
20.5
(0.81)
43.6
(1.72)
69.3
(2.73)
64.4
(2.54)
51.0
(2.01)
40.5
(1.59)
9.7
(0.38)
1.1
(0.04)
0.0
(0.0)
301.7
(11.88)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 12.2
(4.8)
10.1
(4.0)
13.5
(5.3)
5.2
(2.0)
4.0
(1.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(0.2)
0.7
(0.3)
3.8
(1.5)
10.1
(4.0)
10.4
(4.1)
70.5
(27.8)
Source 1: Environment Canada[19][17][20][21][22][18][23]
Source 2: Weatherbase[24]

Attractions[edit]

Hoodoos at Drumheller

South of the traffic bridge over the Red Deer river on Highway 9 is the World's Largest Dinosaur, a 26.2-metre (86 ft) high fiberglass Tyrannosaurus rex that can be entered for a view of the Badlands, including the adjacent 23 metre (75 ft) water fountain, again one of the largest in Canada.[25] Tourist attractions also include the Star Mine Suspension Bridge, Atlas Coal Mine, Canadian Badlands Passion Play, Horseshoe Canyon, Water Spray Park, Aquaplex with indoor and outdoor pools, Horse Thief Canyon, hoodoos, Midland Provincial Park, the Rosedeer Hotel in Wayne, 27 kilometres (17 mi) of constructed pathways, Bleriot Ferry, East Coulee School Museum, Homestead Museum, Valley Doll Museum and the Little Church which is capable of seating only six patrons.[26]

Next to the now closed Drumheller ski hill is the Canadian Badlands Passion Play site, where, for two weeks each July, performances are held. Companies are composed of actors from all over Alberta. The site also offers small plays throughout the summer and an interpretive centre.[27]

Royal Tyrrell Museum[edit]

Gorgosaurus at Royal Tyrrell Museum

The Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology is a museum that hosts Canada's largest collection of dinosaur fossils. It boasts 375,000 visitors a year, the largest of all provincial museum attractions. It opened on September 25, 1985. The Royal Tyrrell Museum is located in the northwest quadrant of the Town of Drumheller, in Midland Provincial Park.

Media[edit]

Digital[edit]

DrumhellerOnline.com is Drumheller's local news portal

Radio[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Newspapers covering Drumheller include the weekly Drumheller Mail, which has been publishing every Wednesday since 1911 and has been owned by the Sheddy family since 1954.

Television[edit]

All stations are analogue relays of stations from Calgary.

Transportation[edit]

Drumheller/Ostergard's Airport and Drumheller Municipal Airport are in the vicinity of Drumheller. None has regular passenger flights.

The railway was decommissioned and demolished in 2014.[28]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Dinosaur Capital of the World". traveldrumheller.com. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Location and History Profile: Town of Drumheller" (PDF). Alberta Municipal Affairs. 17 June 2016. p. 211. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 22 September 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017. Retrieved 8 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Alberta Private Sewage Systems 2009 Standard of Practice Handbook: Appendix A.3 Alberta Design Data (A.3.A. Alberta Climate Design Data by Town)" (PDF) (PDF). Safety Codes Council. January 2012. pp. 212–215 (PDF pages 226–229). Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  6. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia. "Drumheller". Retrieved 13 October 2009.
  7. ^ "Municipal Profile – Town of Drumheller". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Table I: Population of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta by Districts, Townships, Cities, Towns, and Incorporated Villages in 1916, 1911, 1906, and 1901". Census of Prairie Provinces, 1916. Population and Agriculture. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1918. pp. 77–140.
  9. ^ "Table 12: Population of Canada by provinces, counties or census divisions and subdivisions, 1871-1931". Census of Canada, 1931. Ottawa: Government of Canada. 1932. pp. 98–102.
  10. ^ "Location and History Profile: Town of Drumheller". Alberta Municipal Affairs. 4 October 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d "Town of Drumheller Municipal Development Plan: Volume 1 Background Study" (PDF). Town of Drumheller and Palliser Regional Municipal Services. 21 April 2008. pp. 5–7. Archived from the original on 20 April 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  12. ^ Pat Kolafa (22 April 2011). "The original Dr. Phil". The Drumheller Mail. Drumheller Mail. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
  13. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  14. ^ "The Alberta Gazette (Board Order No. 20515)" (PDF). Local Authorities Board. 31 December 1992. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  15. ^ "Drumheller, geographical codes and localities". Statistics Canada. 5 March 2010. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2009.
  16. ^ Town of Drumheller. "Town of Drumheller maps" (PDF). Retrieved 20 March 2010.
  17. ^ a b "Daily Data Report for July 1941". Environment Canada. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  18. ^ a b "Daily Data Report for January 1996". Environment Canada. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  19. ^ "Drumheller". Environment Canada. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  20. ^ "Daily Drumheller East". Environment Canada. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  21. ^ "Daily Drumheller Institution". Environment Canada. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  22. ^ "Daily Drumheller City". Environment Canada. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  23. ^ "Drumheller Andrew". Environment Canada. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
  24. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Drumheller, Alberta, Canada". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  25. ^ "The World's Largest Dinosaur". worldslargestdinosaur.com. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  26. ^ "The Little Church". Drumheller Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  27. ^ "Badlands Amphitheatre | Canada's largest outdoor stage". badlandsamp.com. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  28. ^ "Rail era ending". Drumheller Mail. 8 July 2014.
  29. ^ "Dr. Frank Sandercock Past-Pres. Of C.A.H.A., Dies In City Tuesday". Drumheller Mail. Drumheller, Alberta. 29 October 1942. p. 1.Free to read

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°27′49″N 112°43′10″W / 51.46361°N 112.71944°W / 51.46361; -112.71944 (Drumheller)