Billy Dukes of Taste of Country gave the song three and a half stars out of five, writing that "the chorus is melodic and memorable [but] the verses are somewhat generic and forgettable." Matt Bjorke of Roughstock gave the song a favorable review, saying that "the performance from Eli Young Band is strong [and] the production showcases what has helped EYB break-out with an identifiable brand of country music."
"Drunk Last Night" debuted at number 57 on the U.S. BillboardCountry Airplay chart for the week of June 29, 2013. It also debuted at number 23 on the U.S. BillboardHot Country Songs chart, number 79 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 and number 63 on the Canadian Hot 100 for the week of July 13, 2013. It became their highest debut on the Hot Country Songs chart and sold 53,000 copies during its first week of release. As of March 2014, the song has sold 715,000 copies in the US.