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Dry Guillotine is the English translation of the French phrase la guillotine sèche, which was prisoner slang for the Devil's Island penal colony at French Guiana. It is also the title of several articles by various authors and most notably, a very influential and successful book by former prisoner #46,635, René Belbenoît.
Examples of usage
By Charles W. Furlong
The earliest work in the United States making use of the term "dry guillotine" appears as a 14 page article in Harper's Magazine, titled "Cayenne-the Dry Guillotine" (June 1913), by Charles W. Furlong, FRGS. The article carefully details the cruel and often intentionally lethal conditions of life for bagnards (prisoners) in French Guiana and lists, by name, several specific examples of young men doomed to live out their lives at one of the many camps or prisons which comprised the prison colony commonly, but incorrectly, referred to today as Devil's Island.
By René Belbenoit
The best known work by this name is René Belbenoit's memoir, Dry Guillotine, Fifteen Years Among The Living Dead (1938) (also known as I Escaped From Devil's Island). Dry Guillotine chronicles Belbenoit's childhood, his commission of two non-violent and relatively minor thefts from employers, and his subsequent capture, conviction, and transportation to French Guiana.
Belbenoit actually wrote the manuscript for Dry Guillotine while in prison and carried the work wrapped in oilskins, to protect it from the elements. Protected in this manner, the manuscript survived countless rainstorms and unexpected dunkings in the ocean and rivers between Cayenne and California, where Belbenoit finally managed to reach the United States and freedom in 1937.
While a prisoner at Cayenne, Belbenoit was introduced to the American author Blair Niles, who bought several works from Belbenoit for use in her book titled Condemned to Devil's Island (1928), which also uses the term. Mrs. Niles paid Belbenoit handsomely for his work, and it was this money which financed the next two escape attempts Belbenoit made.
Dry Guillotine, Fifteen years among the Living Dead was first published in 1938, copyright E. P. Dutton, and was so popularly received that 14 further printings were made in the first year of publication. Additional printings were made by Blue Ribbon Books in 1940, and the book remained incredibly popular for many years.
- Henri Charrière, inmate
- Furlong, Charles W., FRGS (June 1913). "Cayenne-the Dry Guillotine". Harper's Magazine. CXXVII (DCCLVII).
- Belbenoit, René. I Escaped From Devil's Island.
- Belbenoit, René & LaVarre, William (Introduction) & Rambo, Preston (Translator) (1938). Dry Guillotine, Fifteen Years Among The Living Dead. E. P. Dutton.
- Niles, Blair (1928). Condemned to Devil's Island: The Biography of an Unknown Convict. Grosset & Dunlap.
- Belbenoit, Rene (Prisoner No. 46635) (1940). DRY GUILLOTINE: Fifteen Years among the Living Dead,. Blue Ribbon Books.
- Belbenoit, René & Rambo, Preston (Translator) (1940). Hell on Trial. New York: EP. Dutton & Co. (The sequel to Dry Guillotine.)
- Godfroy, Marion F. (September 2002). Bagnards. éditions du Chêne, Paris. (A coffee table book on the question.)
- Godfroy, Marion (March 2004). "C'était le bagne...". L'express. Archived from the original on June 29, 2004. Interview by the French historian.