13 October 1932 |
Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
|Education||University of Belgrade|
|Alma mater||Faculty of Dramatic Arts, University of Arts in Belgrade|
|Occupation||Film director and screenwriter|
|Spouse(s)||Bojana Marijan (1964 - )|
Dušan Makavejev (Serbian Cyrillic: Душан Макавејев, Serbian pronunciation: [dǔʃan makaʋɛ̌jɛʋ]) born 13 October 1932 in Belgrade, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (now Serbia) is a Serbian film director and screenwriter, famous for his groundbreaking films of Yugoslav cinema in the late 1960s and early '70s--many of which belong to the Black Wave. Makavejev's most internationally successful film was the 1971 political satire WR: Mysteries of the Organism, which he both directed and wrote.
Makavejev's first three feature films, Man Is Not a Bird (1965, starring actress and icon of the "black wave" period in film, Milena Dravić), Love Affair, or the Case of the Missing Switchboard Operator (1967, starring actress and icon of the "black wave" period in film, Eva Ras) and Innocence Unprotected (1968), all won him international acclaim. The latter won the Silver Bear Extraordinary Prize of the Jury at the 18th Berlin International Film Festival. In 1970 he was a member of the jury at the 20th Berlin International Film Festival. In 1991 he was a member of the jury at the 17th Moscow International Film Festival.
His 1971 movie W.R.: Mysteries of the Organism (starring Milena Dravić, Jagoda Kaloper, and Ivica Vidović) was banned in Yugoslavia due to its sexual and political content. The political scandal surrounding Makavejev's film was symptomatic of an increasingly oppressive political climate in Yugoslavia that effectively ended the director's domestic career and resulted in his leaving Yugoslavia to live and work abroad in Europe and North America. Makavejev's next film, Sweet Movie (1974), was the first feature work that the director produced entirely outside of Yugoslavia (the film was made in Canada). Sweet Movie's explicit depiction of sex together with its bold treatment of the more taboo dimensions of sexuality reduced the size of the film's audience (i.e. it was largely confined to the art house context) and also resulted in the film's being censored in several countries.
After a seven-year hiatus in feature film production, Makavejev released the comparatively more conventional black comedy entitled Montenegro (1981). The director's next feature film, The Coca-Cola Kid (1985), which was based on short stories by Frank Moorhouse and featured performances by Eric Roberts and Greta Scacchi, is arguably his most accessible picture.
Makavejev appears as one of the narrators in the 2007 Serbian documentary film Zabranjeni bez zabrane (Banned without being banned), which gives profound insight into the history and the nature of Yugoslav film censorship through its investigation of the country's distinctive political-cultural mechanisms for unofficially banning politically controversial films. The film contains original interviews with key filmmakers from the communist era.
Makavejev directed the following feature films:
- Man is Not a Bird (1965); Writer: Makavejev; Assistant Director: Kokan Rakonjac; Director of Photography: Aleksandar Petković; Editor: Ljubiša Nešić
- Love Affair, or the Case of the Missing Switchboard Operator (1967); Writer: Makavejev; Assistant Directors: Branko Vučićević and Želimir Žilnik; Director of Photography: Aleksandar Petković; Editor: Katarina Stojanović
- Innocence Unprotected (1968); Writer: Makavejev; Assistant Director: Branko Vučeićević; Director of Photography: Branko Perak; Editor: Ivanka Vukasović
- W.R.: Mysteries of the Organism (1971); Writer: Makavejev; Assistant Director: Bojana Marijan; Directors of Photography: Aleksandar Petković and Predrag Popović; Editor: Ivanka Vukasović
- Sweet Movie (1974); Writer: Makavejev; Assistant Directors: Arnie Gilbert, Fernand Moszkowicz, Claire Denis, and Bojana Marijan; Director of Photography: Pierre Lhomme; Camera: Yann Le Masson; Editor: Yann Dedet
- Montenegro, or Pigs and Pearls (1981): Writer: Makavejev; Assistant Directors: Bojana Marijan and Arnie Gelbart; Director of Photography: Tomislav Pinter; Editor: Sylvia Ingermarsson
- Coca-Cola Kid (1985): Writer: Frank Moorhouse (based on his short stories); Assistant Director: Bojana Marijan and Phil Rich; Director of Photography: Dean Semler; Editor: John Scott
- Manifesto (1988): Writer: Makavejev; Assistant Director: Dejan Karaklajić; Director of Photography: Tomislav Pinter; Editor: Tony Lawson.
- Gorilla Bathes at Noon (1993): Writer: Makavejev; Directors of Photography: Aleksandar Petković and Miodrag Miloošević; Editors: Vuksan Lukovac and Vladimir Milenković
- Hole in the Soul (1994)Writer: Makavejev; Assistant Director: Mladen Mitrović; Director of Photography: Rade Vladić; Camera: Les Blank, Peter Lang, and Alexander Calzatti
- Danish Girls Show Everything (1996) "Dream" segment
Makevejev made a number of short films, key among them:
- Jatgan mala (1953)
- Pečat (1955)
- Antonijevo razbijeno ogledalo (1957)
- Spomenicima ne treba verovati (1958)
- Osmjeh '61 (1961)
- Eci peci pec (1961)
- Parada (1962)
- Nova domaća životinja (1964)
- Article on Man Is Not a Bird in Senses of Cinema: .
- Gleaming Faces, Dark Realities: Dušan Makavejev’s Man Is Not a Bird and the Representation of the Working Class after Socialist Realism by Constantin Parvulescu
- Betrayed Promises: Politics and Sexual Revolution in the Films of Márta Mészáros, Miloš Forman, and Dušan Makavejev by Constantin Parvulescu
- Dusan Makavejev at the Internet Movie Database.
- Dušan Makavejev biography.
- Interview - a Hungarian interview.
- English-language interview (2000).
- Goran Markovic Горан Марковиќ "Dušan Makavejev or a Free Man". (Serbian)
- Critical Review.
- A photograph of Dusan Makavejev: .
- Man Is Not a Bird (TCM Movie Morlocks).
- Literature on Dusan Makavejev.
- Senses of Cinema interview of Dusan Makavejev.