Du Fu Thatched Cottage
Entrance gate of Thatched Cottage of Du Fu.
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Du Fu's Thatched Cottage (Chinese: 杜甫草堂; pinyin: Dù Fǔ Cǎo Táng) is a 24-acre (97,000 m2) park and museum in honour of the Tang Dynasty poet Du Fu at the western outskirts of Chengdu, adjacent to the Huanhua Xi (Flower Rinsing Creek). In 1961 the Chinese government established Du Fu Cao Tang as a National Heritage site.
In 759 Du Fu moved to Chengdu, built a thatched hut near the Flower Rinsing Creek and lived there for four years. The "thatched hut" period was the peak of Du Fu's creativity, during which he wrote two hundred and forty poems, among them "My Thatched Hut was torn apart by Autumn Wind" and "The Prime Minister of Shu".
A Quatrain, one of the poet's well known pieces, written at the cottage in 764, describes the surrounding scenery:
A pair of golden orioles sings in green willows
a column of snowy egrets flies off in blue sky
my window contains peaks with a thousand years of ice
my gate harbors boats from ten thousand miles downriver
Du Fu Cao Tang is now a popular destination for Du Fu enthusiasts around the world to pay tribute to the poet.
The original thatched hut built by Du Fu was destroyed. Key buildings in the Du Fu Cao Tang Park were constructed in the early 16th century during the Ming dynasty and extensively renovated in 1811 during the Qing dynasty.
Du Fu Cao Tang consists of several areas:
- Du Gong Bu memorial Hall (Du Gongbu ci), where the life and work of Du Fu was displayed, the library area displayed published works of Du Fu, including some rare Song dynasty wood carving editions. The foreign language section displays a large number of foreign language books of Du Fu's works.
- The Thatched Cottage of Du Fu. A reconstructed thatched hut partitioned into a study, a bedroom and kitchen, recreating the living and working environment of Du Fu's time.
- The Hall of great poets (Da Ya Tang). An exhibition hall with a 16 meter long by 4 meter tall mural painting portraying scenes from Du Fu's poems: "My Thatched Hut Wrecked by the Autumn Wind" and "A Song of War Chariots". There are also statues of twelve prominent Chinese poets (including Qu Yuan, Tao Qian, Li Bai, Wang Wei, Su Shi, Li Qingzhao, Lu You) on display.
- Chinese architecture
- Kuizhou, further location of Du Fu thatched cottage(s)
- List of museums
- Museums in China
- Red Pine. Poems of the Masters, p. 100. Copper Canyon Press 2003.
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