Du Fu Thatched Cottage
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|Website||Du Fu Thatched Cottage Museum website|
Du Fu Thatched Cottage (Chinese: 杜甫草堂; pinyin: Dù Fǔ Cǎotáng) is a 24-acre (97,000 m2) park and museum in honour of the Tang dynasty poet Du Fu at the western outskirts of Chengdu, adjacent to the Huanhua Xi (Flower Rinsing Creek). In 1961 the Chinese government made the cottage a National Heritage site.
In 759 Du moved to Chengdu, built a thatched hut near the Flower Rinsing Creek and lived there for four years. The "thatched hut" period was the peak of Du's creativity, during which he wrote two hundred and forty poems, among them "My Thatched Hut was torn apart by Autumn Wind" and "The Prime Minister of Shu".
Du Fu Thatched Cottage is now a popular destination for Du enthusiasts around the world to pay tribute to the poet.
Many rich families in ancient China have been donating money for decades to keep this cottage in its best state, it was also a sign of wealth and power back then to be able to donate money. The donator's name is usually carved on a wall next to the cottage, in order to thank them for this feat. One of the families known to donate money is a branch of the Zhang family, which ruled part of 湖北 back then.
The original thatched hut built by Du was destroyed. Key buildings in the surrounding park were constructed in the early 16th century during the Ming dynasty and extensively renovated in 1811 during the Qing dynasty.
Du Fu Thatched Cottage consists of several areas:
- Du Gongbu Memorial Hall (工部祠; Gōngbù Cí), where Du's life and work was displayed, the library area displayed Du's published works, including some rare Song dynasty wood carving editions. The foreign-language section displays a large number of foreign language books of Du's works.
- Du's thatched cottage. A reconstructed thatched hut partitioned into a study, a bedroom and kitchen, recreating the living and working environment of Du's time.
- The Hall of Great Poets (大雅堂; Dàyǎ Táng). An exhibition hall with a 16 meter long by 4 meter tall mural painting portraying scenes from Du's poems: "My Thatched Hut Wrecked by the Autumn Wind" and "A Song of War Chariots". There are also statues of twelve prominent Chinese poets (including Qu Yuan, Tao Qian, Li Bai, Wang Wei, Su Shi, Li Qingzhao, Lu You) on display.
- Chinese architecture
- Kuizhou, further location of Du thatched cottage(s)
- List of museums
- Museums in China
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