Du Kang (Chinese: 杜康; pinyin: Dù Kāng), sometimes identified with Shao Khan, is the inventor of fermented drink in Chinese legend, and the deified patron of winemakers in China and Japan (Tōji). Chinese wines are an important part of ancient Chinese rites and court culture. Their invention is not attributable to a single person. Du Kang is sometimes said to be a minister of the legendary Yellow Emperor, being more of a cultural symbol than a historical personality.
It is unknown where and when and if Dù Kāng actually lived; the dates in ancient sources range over thousands of years. In the Shuowen Jiezi (2nd century AD), Du Kang is identified with Shao Kang, the sixth ruler of the Xia. Du Kang's story is referenced in Cao Cao's poems of the 3rd century. Since Cao, Du Kang is used as a metonym for good wine. Ruan Ji references Du Kang in his attributed guqin piece Jiukuang. Presently it is a famous wine brand in PRC.
- World Wide Web resource at silkqin.com accessed 24 FEB 2014 and WebCite: AUTHORNAME. TITLE. . 2014-02-24. URL:http://silkqin.com/02qnpu/32zczz/jiukuang.htm. Accessed: 2014-02-24. (Archived by WebCite® at http://www.webcitation.org/6NdGpSwvN)
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