Du Quoin, Illinois

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"Duquoin" redirects here. For the community in Kansas, see Duquoin, Kansas.
Du Quoin
City
Motto: "In the heart of southern Illinois"
Country United States
State Illinois
County Perry
Elevation 465 ft (142 m)
Coordinates 38°0′N 89°14′W / 38.000°N 89.233°W / 38.000; -89.233Coordinates: 38°0′N 89°14′W / 38.000°N 89.233°W / 38.000; -89.233
Highest point
 - elevation 470 ft (143 m)
Area 7.06 sq mi (18 km2)
 - land 6.98 sq mi (18 km2)
 - water 0.08 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 6,448 (2000)
Density 939.3 / sq mi (363 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC−6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code 62832
Area code 618
FIPS code 17-21267
GNIS ID 2394564
Location of Du Quoin within Illinois
Location of Du Quoin within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Du Quoin, Illinois

Du Quoin (doo-KOYN) is a city in Perry County, Illinois, United States. The population was 6,448 at the 2000 census.

Geography[edit]

Du Quoin is located at 38°0′N 89°14′W / 38.000°N 89.233°W / 38.000; -89.233 (38.0068, -89.2349).[1]

The city of Du Quoin is located in the southeastern portion of Perry County, Illinois.

According to the 2010 census, Du Quoin has a total area of 7.061 square miles (18.29 km2), of which 6.98 square miles (18.08 km2) (or 98.85%) is land and 0.081 square miles (0.21 km2) (or 1.15%) is water.[2]

History[edit]

The area east of Du Quoin is known as "Old Du Quoin."[3] In the early 19th century, Du Quoin was near the Lusk's Ferry Road, an important early road that connected Kaskaskia with Lusk's Ferry on the Ohio River. The road ran easterly out of Steeleville to a point southwest of DuQuoin. There it turned to the southeast to cross the Big Muddy River and head for Lusk's Ferry.

Du Quoin had its start at its present location in 1853 when the railroad was extended to that point.[4] The city was named after Chief Jean Baptiste Ducoigne of the Kaskaskia, an Illiniwek people, who were defeated by the Shawnee near here in 1802.

Media[edit]

Du Quoin is served by a daily newspaper, the Du Quoin Evening Call. Du Quoin is also served by radio station WDQN AM 1580.

Rail transportation[edit]

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Du Quoin. Amtrak Train 391, the southbound Saluki, is scheduled to depart Du Quoin at 1:49 pm daily with service to Carbondale. Amtrak Train 393, the southbound Illini, is scheduled to depart Du Quoin at 8:39 pm daily serving the same point as the southbound Saluki. Amtrak Train 390, the northbound Saluki, is scheduled to depart Du Quoin at 7:51 am daily with service to Centralia, Effingham, Mattoon, Champaign-Urbana, Rantoul, Gilman, Kankakee, Homewood, and Chicago. Amtrak Train 392, the northbound Illini, is scheduled to depart Du Quoin at 4:26 pm daily serving the same points as the northbound Saluki.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 2,807
1890 4,052 44.4%
1900 4,353 7.4%
1910 5,454 25.3%
1920 7,285 33.6%
1930 7,593 4.2%
1940 7,515 −1.0%
1950 7,147 −4.9%
1960 6,558 −8.2%
1970 6,691 2.0%
1980 6,594 −1.4%
1990 6,697 1.6%
2000 6,448 −3.7%
2010 6,109 −5.3%
Est. 2015 5,949 [5] −2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 6,448 people, 2,716 households, and 1,648 families residing in the city. The population density was 939.3 people per square mile (362.9/km²). There were 2,988 housing units at an average density of 435.3 per square mile (168.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.23% White, 7.23% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.32% of the population.

There were 2,716 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.3% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,124, and the median income for a family was $37,688. Males had a median income of $33,576 versus $18,958 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,883. About 13.3% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 12.1% of those age 65 or over.

Horse racing[edit]

From 1957 to 1980, Du Quoin was home to the Hambletonian Stakes, one of the most famous events in harness racing.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  3. ^ "A brief history of Du Quoin". City of Du Quoin, IL. Archived from the original on September 5, 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  4. ^ Callary, Edward (29 September 2008). Place Names of Illinois. University of Illinois Press. p. 101. ISBN 978-0-252-09070-7. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]