|General of the Jin dynasty|
|Died||285 (aged 63)|
|Courtesy name||Yuankai (simplified Chinese: 元凯; traditional Chinese: 元凱; pinyin: Yuánkǎi; Wade–Giles: Yuan-k'ai)|
|Posthumous name||Marquis Cheng (Chinese: 成侯; pinyin: Chéng Hóu; Wade–Giles: Ch'eng Hou)|
Du Yu (222–285), courtesy name Yuankai, was a military general and Confucian philosopher of the state of Cao Wei in the late Three Kingdoms period and early Jin dynasty. He came from Duling (杜陵) in the metropolitan region Jingzhao (京兆; near modern Xi'an, Shaanxi) and was married to a daughter of Sima Yi, grandfather of Sima Yan, the first emperor of the Jin dynasty. A prolific author, Du Yu was a self-proclaimed addict of the Zuo Zhuan and wrote an influential commentary to it. Du Yu was one of the most important commanders under Zhong Hui during the conquest of Wei's rival state, Shu Han. He also followed in leading an army in the conquest of the state of Eastern Wu. Du Yu managed to lay waste to the Wu army with great force in not the greatest of length of time, and received the surrender of Sun Hao, the last Wu emperor.
Du Yu was also the ancestor of the Tang dynasty poet Du Fu. Unlike his predecessors, Du Yu used the Zuo Zhuan to comment on the Chunqiu Classic. He therefore combined the two books in one, which has been the common practice since.
Appointments and titles held
- Gentleman of Writing (尚書郎)
- Marquis of Fengle Village (豐樂亭侯) - inherited by Du Yu from his father Du Shu
- Army Advisor (參軍)
- Chief Clerk (長史) to the General Who Guards the West
- Military Judge Who Pacifies the West (安西軍司)
- Inspector of Qin Province (秦州刺史)
- Eastern Qiang Colonel (東羌校尉)
- General of Light Chariots (輕車將軍)
- Senior General Who Guards the South (鎮南大將軍)
- Colonel-Director of Retainers (司隸校尉)
- The following two titles were granted to Du Yu posthumously
- Senior General Who Attacks the South (征南大將軍)
- Marquis Cheng (成侯)
- Chen, Shou. Records of the Three Kingdoms (Sanguozhi).
- Fang, Xuanling. Book of Jin (Jin Shu).
- Pei, Songzhi. Annotations to Records of the Three Kingdoms (Sanguozhi zhu).
- Pang Pu 龐樸 (1997). Zhongguo ruxue 中國儒學, vol. 2, p. 82. Shanghai: Dongfang chuban zhongxin.
- Book of Jin Volume 34 列傳第4 羊祜 杜預
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