Duaenre

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Duaenre in hieroglyphs
D21
D36
D46
N14
V4
N35

Duaenre
Dwꜣ n Rꜥ
Duaenre
Vizier
Dynasty 4th Dynasty
Pharaoh Menkaure
Father Khafre
Mother Meresankh III
Burial G 5110 in Giza

Duaenre[pronunciation?] was a vizier under Menkaure during the Fourth dynasty of Egypt.[1] His titles include those of king's son of his body (sA nswt n Xt=f), hereditary prince (jrj-pat), count (HAtj-a), vizier (tAjtj), scribe of the divine book (sS mDAt-nTr), mouth of Nekhen (r nxn), and mouth of every Butite (r p nb).[2]

Family[edit]

Dua(en)re was the son of King Khafre and Queen Meresankh III and thus grandson of Pharaoh Khufu and Crown Prince Kawab.[3] A son is shown in one of the scenes in the hall of the tomb.[1] The vizier Babaef II was probably a son of Duaenre.[3]

An inscription on a false door found in G 3098 (Called G 2098 by Fischer) mentions a woman named Neferhetepes-nedjes, daughter of Neferhetepes(-wer) and granddaughter of the King's son of his body Duanre. This man is most likely to be identified with prince Duaenre. And thus Neferhetepes and Neferhetepes-nedjes are a likely daughter and granddaughter of Duaenre. The false door was found in an addition to the tomb of Iymery and his wife Persenet. It is not known how Iymery was related to the family of Duaenre.[4][5]

Tomb[edit]

Plan of G 5110

Duaenre was buried in mastaba G 5110 in Giza. The mastaba contains a passageway and a hall. Duaenre is depicted with attendant and offering texts in the passageway. The hall contains scenes showing Duaenre and attendants bringing offerings and animals. A son is depicted in a scene showing the presentation of cattle. An uninscribed red granite sarcophagus was found in the shaft in the mastaba by Ernesto Schiaparelli, and is now in the Turin museum.[1]

A limestone fragment found in the debris mentions the names of Iufi and Perneb who were overseers of the gangs of tens. These men would have been the overseers of the workers crew constructing the mastaba.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Porter and Moss, Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs, and Paintings; Part III
  2. ^ Gizapyramids Archived October 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ a b Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton: The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, 2004, pp.52, 56 ISBN 0-500-05128-3
  4. ^ Gizapyrmaids page for G 3098 Archived October 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Fisher, Clarence S. The Minor Cemetery at Giza. Philadelphia: The University Museum, 1924, pp.64, 65
  6. ^ Smith, William Stevenson. "Inscriptional Evidence for the History of the Fourth Dynasty." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 11 (1952), pp. 120, 126, fig. 8.