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Dualism may refer to:

  • Dualism (cybernetics), systems or problems in which an intelligent adversary attempts to exploit the weaknesses of the investigator
  • Dualism (Indian philosophy), the belief held by certain schools of Indian philosophy that reality is fundamentally composed of two parts
  • Dualism (politics), the separation of powers between the cabinet and parliament
  • Dualistic cosmology, the moral or spiritual belief that two fundamental concepts exist, which often oppose each other
  • Epistemological dualism, the epistemological question of whether the world we see around us is the real world itself or merely an internal perceptual copy of that world generated by neural processes in our brain
  • Ethical dualism, the attribution of good solely to one group of people and evil to another
  • Mind–body dualism, a view in the philosophy of mind that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical, or that the mind and body are distinct and separable
    • Property dualism, a position in the philosophy of mind which hold that, although the world is composed of just one kind of substance—the physical kind—there exist two distinct kinds of properties: physical properties and mental properties
  • Monism and dualism in international law, a principle in contending that international and domestic law are distinct systems of law, and that international law only applies to the extent that it does not conflict with domestic law
  • Soul dualism, the belief that a person has two (or more) kinds of souls


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