Dubgall mac Somairle
Dubgall mac Somairle (Modern Dubhghall mac Somhairle; Anglicized: "Dugald" or "Dougal, Somerled's son") was a 12th-century Scottish nobleman. The son of Somairle mac Gille Brigte, regulus of Argyll, Dubgall is the eponymous progenitor of Clan MacDougall (Clann Dubhghaill, literally "Children of Dougal" or "Dubgall").
According to the Chronicles of Mann, in 1155 he accompanied his father Somairle in an expedition against Goraidh mac Amhlaibh, King of Mann and the Isles. In 1175, he was one of the Scottish magnates accompanying King William the Lion to York, as William was required to swear fealty to Henry II. In the same year, he and his chaplain Stephan made a pilgrimage to St Cuthbert at Durham, donating two gold rings to the Cathedral Priory. The Chronicles of Mann alleged that the men of the Isles chose Dubgall to be their King, but this may have been a later concoction, and Dubgall is never given a title in any contemporary source. It has been suggested that he was the founder of the bishopric of Argyll, though more likely this took place under his brother Ragnall mac Somairle.
It is not known when Dubgall died. Dubgall is not mentioned again after 1175, but may have lived long afterwards, perhaps even into the 13th century. He appears to have had the following sons,
- Amlaib mac Dubgaill (Olaf)
- Donnchad mac Dubgaill (Donnchadh of Argyll or Duncan)
- Ragnall mac Dubgaill (Ranald or Ronald)
- Dubgall "Screech" mac Dubgaill (Dougal or Dugald)
- Somairle mac Dubgaill (Somerled or Sorley)
- Gille Escoib mac Dubgaill (Uspak and Haakon)
The last is uncertain. Gille Escoib appears in Hákonar saga Hákonarsonar (Haakon's Saga), which renders his name "Uspak", as a son of Dubgall upon whom is conferred the royal name Haakon; "Uspak" enjoyed a successful career, but it is not entirely certain that the Dubgall referred as his father is Dubgall mac Somairle.
- Stevenson (1841) p. 4; Cotton MS Domitian A VII (n.d.).
- Lawrie, Annals, p. 20.
- Lawrie, Annals, p. 204; Woolf, "Age of the Sea-Kings", p. 105.
- Lawrie, Annals, p. 204.
- Woolf, "Age of the Sea-Kings", p. 105.
- McDonald, Kingdom of the Isles, p. 212.
- Woolf, "The Age of Sea-Kings", pp. 105-6.
- McDonald, Kingdom of the Isles, p. 73.
- McDonald, Kingdom of the Isles, p. 89.
- Lawrie, Archibald Campbell, Annals of the Reigns of Malcolm and William Kings of Scotland, A.D. 1153-1214, (Glasgow, 1910)
- McDonald, R. Andrew, The Kingdom of the Isles: Scotland's Western Seaboard, c. 1100-1336, (Edinburgh, 1997)
- Sellar, W. D. H., "Hebridean Sea-Kings: The Successors of Somerled, 1164-1316", in Edward J. Cowan & R. Andrew McDonald (eds.), Alba: Celtic Scotland in the Medieval Era, (Edinburgh, 2000), pp. 187–218
- Woolf, Alex, "Age of Sea-Kings: 900-1300", in Donald Omand (ed.), The Argyll Book, (Edinburgh, 2004), pp. 94–109
- "Cotton MS Domitian A VII". British Library. n.d. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- Stevenson, J, ed. (1841). Liber Vitae Ecclesiae Dunelmensis. Publications of the Surtees Society. London: J.B. Nichols and Son – via Internet Archive.