Dublin Broadstone railway station

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Dublin Broadstone

Baile Átha Cliath Stáisiún An Clocháin Leathan
Luas
The Broadstone - geograph.org.uk - 54464.jpg
The facade of Broadstone station
LocationPhibsborough Road, Broadstone, Dublin 7, D07 X2AE
Republic of Ireland
Coordinates53°21′15″N 6°16′26″W / 53.354291°N 6.273816°W / 53.354291; -6.273816
Owned byTransdev
CIÉ
Operated byLuas
Bus Éireann
Platforms2[1]
Tracks6
Bus operatorsBus Éireann
Construction
Structure typeAt-grade
History
Original companyMidland Great Western Railway
Pre-groupingMidland Great Western Railway
Post-groupingGreat Southern Railways
Key dates
June 1847 (1847-06)Station opened
18 January 1937Station closed to passenger services
8 April 1961Station closed
9 December 2017Luas services commence

Broadstone railway station (Irish: Stáisiún An Clocháin Leathan) was the Dublin terminus of the Midland Great Western Railway (MGWR), located in the Dublin suburb of Broadstone. The site also contained the MGWR railway works and a steam locomotive motive power depot. A LUAS tram station opened at the front of the station in 2017.

It is currently the headquarters of Bus Éireann, housing most of their administration and one of their main garages. Nearby on the same property is a Dublin Bus Depot.

History[edit]

Broadstone Station

Beginnings[edit]

Designed by John Skipton Mulvany, the structure was built between 1841 and 1850, with the addition of the colonnade in 1861.[2] Broadstone Station is constructed of granite in a neo-Egyptian style.[3] The 475 feet (145 m) by 120 feet (37 m) two span roof is said to have been basis of the design for the larger span at Liverpool Lime street.[1]

In 1845 the Royal Canal was purchased by the Midland Great Western Railway Company (MGWR) with a view to using the land alongside the canal to construct a railway line to the west of Ireland. The line was constructed in stages and by 1848 reached Mullingar. Similarly Broadstone station was worked in tandem with opening in 1847 and final completion 1850. The MGWR developed locomotive and carriage works around the station.

With the construction of the colonnade in 1861 trains arrived to the east side platform and passengers exited through the colonnade. Trains departed from the west side platform where there was a booking office and waiting rooms. The four middle tracks were used to stable rolling stock in the interim. The building at front of the station was used as the headquarters building for the MGWR and did not contain a passenger entrance.[1]

With Galway projected to become the main port for transatlantic passenger traffic between Europe and North America, the MGWR successfully competed with its rival the Great Southern and Western Railway to reach it first in August 1851. A special fourth class was introduced by the MGWR for poor migrants from the west going to Britain for work. The line, which branched out to serve Sligo, Westport, Achill and Clifden, was also used to transport large numbers of cattle.

It was about this time that the majority of the houses in the area were constructed, as dwellings for workers on the railway. Most of the houses were built by the Artisan's Dwelling Company, which built many similar estates in Dublin and elsewhere, and houses of this type are now frequently described as Artisan cottages, regardless of their origin.

Joseph Howley, a member of the Irish Volunteers in Galway, was shot dead by a special unit of the RIC known as the Igoe Gang at the station on 4 December 1920 during the Irish War of Independence.[4]

Closure[edit]

Buses outside the station, 1958

The station was closed to public traffic on 18 January 1937 and finally closed on 8 April 1961, having been used as the steam depot for Dublin between 1937 and this date.[5]

This building was one of Dublin's six original rail termini, the others being Westland Row (now Pearse Station) Amiens Street (now Connolly Station), Kingsbridge (now Heuston Station), North Wall and Harcourt Street (now a bar and nightclub complex).

Location[edit]

Situated at the crest of Constitution Hill directly opposite King's Inns, the station served as the finishing point of the Midland and Great Western Railway.

Luas[edit]

Broadstone is a Luas stop on the LUAS Cross City Line between Broombridge and St.Stephen's Green. Work on building the line commenced in June 2013 and services began on 9 December 2017.

The stop has lateral platforms and is located adjacent to the south front of the old Broadstone station building with access from Constitution Hill. The stop is called Broadstone-DIT due to its location near to DIT Grangegorman Campus. The LUAS line from central Dublin approaches via Domininck Street Upper and continues by curling round the western edge of the MGWR Broadstone site before re-joining the track of the old main line at the north of the site.

Failed proposal re use for heavy rail[edit]

In April 2007 Iarnród Éireann announced that Broadstone Station was to be reopened for rail passenger use by 2010.[6] This gave rise to a dispute between CIE/Irish Rail and the RPA over the use of the trackbed between Broadstone and Liffey Junction.[7] On 5 February 2008 Noel Dempsey, the Minister for Transport, indicated his preference for the Luas project over the re-opening of Broadstone for heavy rail, asking CIÉ to seek permanent planning permission to build and use Docklands Station for the purposes CIÉ intended for Broadstone Station.

Routes[edit]

Preceding station   Luas   Following station
Dominick Street   Green Line   Grangegorman
Disused railways
Terminus   Midland Great Western Railway
Dublin-Galway/Sligo
  Liffey Junction
Line open, station closed

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Shepherd, Ernie (1994). The Midland Great Western Railway of Ireland - An illustrated History. Midland Publishing Limited. pp. 120–121. ISBN 1-85780-008-7.
  2. ^ Craig, Maurice (2006) [1952]. Dublin 1660-1860. pp. 322–323. ISBN 1-905483-11-2.
  3. ^ Peter Pearson. "Architect of Victorian solidity". The Sunday Business Post. Archived from the original on 26 September 2007. Retrieved 17 June 2007.
  4. ^ Spellissy, Sean (1999). The History of Galway. Celtic Bookshop. p. 131. ISBN 0-9534683-3-X.
  5. ^ "Dublin Broadstone station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 31 August 2007.
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ "Battle of Broadstone". Irish Independent. 11 January 2008.

Sources and Further reading[edit]

  • Shepherd, W. Ernest (1994). The Midland Great Western Railway of Ireland: An Illustrated History. Leicester: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-008-7.
  • Killeen, M. (1981) Broadstone: Railway Station to Bus Garage. Dublin Historical Record, Vol. 34, No. 4 pp. 140–154 Old Dublin Society

External links[edit]