|Proposer||Transport Infrastructure Ireland|
|Status||Currently in design phase|
The sole line is proposed to run from Estuary on Dublin's northside to Charlemont via Dublin Airport and St. Stephen's Green. The proposed route consists of mainly uncovered sub-surface track in the Swords area, a tunnel under Dublin Airport, further uncovered sub-surface track until the M50, with a deep bore tunnel running from Northwood to Charlemont. As of March 2018, the line was planned to begin operation in 2027.
- 1 History of proposed Metro
- 2 MetroLink
- 3 Former plans
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
History of proposed Metro
The original idea for the two Metro lines in Dublin can be attributed to the November 2001 "Platform for Change" report by the Dublin Transportation Office (now part of the National Transport Authority). The purpose of the report was to come up with an integrated transportation strategy for the greater Dublin region. In its report, the DTO outlined plans for three Metro lines. The first was a North-South line which would run from Swords to Shanganagh via Dublin Airport, Finglas, Broadstone, the city centre, Ranelagh, Sandyford and Cherrywood. The second would link Tallaght West to Tallaght and then continue through the south-western suburbs of Dublin to the city centre. The third line would run in an orbital pattern, with a spur off the Swords-Shanganagh line at Finglas and then continue via Blanchardstown and Clondalkin to Tallaght, where it would connect with the other line.
Dublin Airport carried over 21 million passengers in 2006. This figure was projected to grow rapidly (as it did to 27.9 million by 2016). As a result, Transport Infrastructure Ireland identified a medium-capacity public-transport link to Dublin Airport as one of the most important gaps in the Dublin rail network. Two options were seen as a solution to the problem:
- A spur off the existing DART line to Dublin Airport, as proposed by Iarnród Éireann.
- A metro system, running from Finglas through Dublin Airport and on to the city centre, in line with the National Transport Authority's suggestions.
The metro option emerged as the preferred option, as it provided both an airport link and a commuter link. It was described by Transport Infrastructure Ireland as "an important commuter link for the communities and institutions of North Dublin City and County". Metro North (from Swords to St. Stephen's Green) and Metro West were adopted as government policy with the launch of the Transport 21 programme in 2005.
'Metro North' and project history
Three potential routes for the then called Metro North were published by the Railway Procurement Agency in February 2006. The first route option went through Finglas and made use of the former Broadstone railway alignment. The second route option went through Ballymun and was eventually adopted as the final route. The third route option went through Whitehall. After public consultation, the RPA announced in October 2006 that they had selected a routing known as the 'East/Central Combined Route'. that ran through Ballymun. A slightly updated route, with changes in proposed station names, some modifications to station locations, and details of proposed overground and underground routes through Swords was released by the RPA in March 2008.
On 22 March 2007, Transport Infrastructure Ireland began the procurement process for Metro North. In October 2007 it announced that it had a shortlist of four consortia interested in building Metro North. Draft Environmental Impact Statements were published in early 2008.
On 5 October 2011, Metro North was granted planning permission by An Bord Pleanála.
It was speculated by the media that the Metro North Project would be indefinitely deferred on 12 August 2011 following a review by Leo Varadkar, then Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport. This was confirmed on 10 November 2011.
On 29 September 2015, it was announced that Metro North was being relaunched, with a revised opening date of 2027. This was corroborated by the new 'Metrolink' plans in 2018.
Rebranding to 'MetroLink' and emerging preferred route
On 22 March 2018, the National Transport Authority announced revised plans for the former Metro North railway line, now called 'MetroLink'. Costing an estimated €3 billion, the route extended further south from the original Estuary-St. Stephen's Green route down to Sandyford, subsuming the Luas Green Line tracks from Charlemont down to its final destination in Sandyford. It was planned to begin operations in 2027, and it combines the existing 'Metro North' and 'Metro South' lines together. If completed according to these plans, Luas services on the Green Line would cease between Sandyford and Charlemont, and be replaced by Metro services. This was met with opposition regarding the potential closure of the Green Line for an undetermined amount of time and issues regarding pedestrian and cyclist permeability along the line. As a result, revised plans were published in March 2019, where the Metrolink line would be delivered in two phases, meaning the Green Line would not be upgraded during the first phase. The Green Line Upgrade would happen as a second phase at a later date after Metrolink from Swords to Charlemont was operational. By developing in two phases the closure of the Green Line could be reduced and more time given to upgrading the existing pedestrian crossings to be fully grade separated through the use of underpasses.
The revised MetroLink project is proposed to open in 2027.
Metro West (Irish: Meitreo Thiar) was to run from an intersection with Metro North, just south of the airport at Santry, and from there pass through Blanchardstown, Liffey Valley, and Clondalkin before joining the Luas Red Line to continue towards Tallaght. Metro West was planned to be entirely above ground, at road level, with major junctions overpassed. Metro West was planned to be 25.5 kilometres long (15.8 mi). Planning on the Metro West Project was suspended in September 2011 following a review by Leo Varadkar, then Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport, as money to construct the new railway would not be available in the foreseeable future. The Metro West option had been set aside until economic conditions improved.
Two potential routes for Metro West were published by the Railway Procurement Agency in January 2007, with a number of sub-options also included. Following discussions and a public consultation process, the preferred route was announced in July 2007. This route started at Tallaght, then continued on through Belgard, Clondalkin, Liffey Valley, Blanchardstown. Stops were also planned for the National Aquatic Centre and Abbotstown, before continuing in the direction of Sillogue and Harristown. Following Harristown it would link with the Metro North, after Northwood and before Dardistown station. The line was expected to be 25 km long.
Although the Metro West was in the early planning stages and can change at a later stage, according to the design drawings produced by the RPA, the Metro West line would not be segregated from road traffic, unlike the Metro North proposal. Metro West plans propose lines which run overground, with some tunnels and bridges to avoid major road junctions. The preferred route would also see a number of interchanges with other modes of public transport. As well as the link with the Metro North, the line would also link with the Luas at Tallaght and Belgard, rail services at Fonthill and Porterstown and Dublin Bus services at a number of other stops. Park and ride facilities were also proposed at a number of stops.
Route through Finglas
Metro West would serve the northern parts of Finglas via stops at the N2 and Meakstown. When developing options for Metro West, the Railway Procurement Agency (RPA) considered routes south of the M50, serving Finglas more directly. These routes were not deemed feasible as they would have considerable impact on residential and commercial properties in the area, require additional bridges over the M50 and add considerable journey time to the route. It was proposed in the NTA strategy that Finglas be served by a radial light rail line. The first phase of this was outlined in Transport 21 as running to Liffey Junction.
On 11 November 2008, the RPA chose their preferred route for Metro West, including indicative stops, depot and Park and Ride locations. The preferred route for Metro West ran from Tallaght to Metro North at Dardistown, via Clondalkin, Liffey Valley and Blanchardstown. The preferred route was approximately 25.5 km long. The planned route would interchange with (from south to north) the Luas Red Line, Kildare Railway Line, Luas Line F (to Lucan), Maynooth Railway Line and Metro North Line, as well as local bus services.
An application for a Railway Order to construct Metro West was lodged to An Bord Pleanala on October 22, 2010. The application was withdrawn on September 26, 2011, due to the withdrawal of Government funding for the project due to the global financial crisis.
Future of Metro West
In late 2011, the Irish Government withdrew funding for the Metro West project due to budgetary constraints arising from the global financial crisis and recession.
In 2016, Metro West was excluded from the National Transport Authority's Transport Strategy For The Greater Dublin Area 2016-2035. The future of the project is highly ambiguous due to this, as it is not now due to be considered for government funding until after 2035.
In 2006 Eamon Ryan, then transport spokesperson for the Green Party, called for the underground section of Metro North to be extended south to Beechwood, where it would then surface and provide a direct link to the Luas Green Line. This option would allow passengers to travel from the south of the city to the north, without having to change mode of transport. It is also consistent with the Dublin Transportation Office's suggestions in the Platform for Change document, which envisaged that a Metro line would run across the city following the upgrade of the Green Line to Metro by 2020.
When the Luas Green Line was constructed, it was designed to allow metro trains to operate on the line in the future. The interaxis between the tracks was built wide enough to allow wider trains to operate on the line, and the line's electrical systems were designed to handle longer metro trains in the future.
In the National Transport Authority's Draft Transport Strategy for the Greater Dublin Area 2016-2035, it was proposed that the Metro North tunnel should be extended southwards to meet the Luas Green line in the Ranelagh area.
The Luas Green line would be converted to a metro line, with Luas services on the line ending and being replaced by metro services. Platforms at all stations would need to be lengthened and a number of road crossings on the line closed in order for this to happen.
In March 2019, the revised plans were released with the intention to upgrade the Green Line after the northern section is operational.
- "Work to begin on Metro North rail line in 2021". BreakingNews.ie. 12 October 2017.
- "Revealed: Preferred route for €3bn MetroLink from city centre to Dublin Airport unveiled". independent.ie. Independent News & Media. 22 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "Map - Metro North - St. Stephen's Green - Estuary" (PDF). rpa.ie. Rail Procurement Agency. February 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 August 2011.
- The Dublin Transport Office's Platform for Change Report Archived 19 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- "RTÉ News: Residents to oppose Dublin runway plans". rte.ie. Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 12 October 2004. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- "Metro North: Frequently Asked Questions". rpa.ie. Rail Procurement Agency. Archived from the original on 14 March 2008.
- "RTÉ News: Cullen announces details of Metro route". rte.ie. Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 19 October 2006. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Metro North Route, March 2008 Archived 30 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- "Home - Transport Infrastructure Ireland -". Archived from the original on 15 June 2011.
- "An Bord Pleanála considers Dublin Metro". RTÉ News. 2 March 2009.
- . rte.ie (5 October 2011). Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "Metro North and Dart Underground deferred". The Irish Times.
- . newstalk.com (29 September 2015). Retrieved 30 March 2018.
- "The 'Metro North' is now the MetroLink - here's what it'll look like". TheJournal.ie. Metrolink announcement. 22 March 2018.
- Kilraine, John (26 March 2019). "Luas Green line to remain open under new Metrolink plan". RTÉ. Archived from the original on 26 March 2019.
- "Details of Metrolink revealed". independent.ie. 22 March 2018.
- "Metrolink public consultation". metrolink.ie. 22 March 2018.
- "Airport Metro link plan suspended". Irish Independent. 25 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- "Dempsey unveils Metro West route". The Irish Times. 5 July 2007.
- RTÉ News: Clondalkin wins out on Metro West route. Raidió Teilifís Éireann. (5 July 2007). Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- RPA – ''METRO ORBITAL (Metro West) Design Update No. 1'' Archived 3 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (PDF). Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- "Greens want Metro extended to Beechwood". The Irish Times. 19 October 2006.
- Kilraine, John (26 March 2019). "Luas Green line to remain open under new Metrolink plan".