Dublin St Patrick's (UK Parliament constituency)

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Dublin St Patrick's
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Dublin St Patrick's Constituency 1885-1918.svg
Dublin St Patrick's constituency within Dublin, as it existed from 1885 to 1918.
Dublin City in Ireland.svg
Dublin within Ireland. Map utilises the modern administrative boundaries.
18851922
Number of members 1
Created from Dublin

Dublin St Patrick's, a division of Dublin, was a UK parliamentary constituency in Ireland. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the British House of Commons from 1885 until 1922. It had three wards: Merchant's Quay, Usher's Quay and Wood Quay.

Prior to the 1885 general election, the city was the undivided two-member Dublin City constituency. In 1885, Dublin was divided into four constituencies: St Patrick's, Dublin College Green, Dublin Harbour and Dublin St Stephen's Green.

In 1918, the city was allocated seven seats: in addition to the four existing constituencies, the new divisions were Dublin Clontarf, Dublin St James's and Dublin St Michan's.

From the dissolution of 1922, the area was no longer represented in the UK Parliament.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency comprised the southwest part of the city of Dublin, and was named after St Patrick's Cathedral.

Politics[edit]

Dublin St Patrick's in 1918 gave Sinn Féin about two-thirds of its votes. Countess Markievicz was the first woman to win a Parliamentary election in Britain and Ireland, at the first election where women were allowed to be candidates.

In common with other Sinn Féin members, elected in 1918, the MP did not take her seat at Westminster but instead participated in the revolutionary Dáil Éireann.

Members of Parliament[edit]

From To Name Party Born Died
1885 1892 William Martin Murphy   Nationalist (IPP November 21, 1844 26 June 1919
1892 1918 William Field   Parnellite Nationalist (IPP) June 1843 29 April 1935
1918 1922 Constance Markievicz   Sinn Féin 4 February 1868 15 July 1927

Notes

  1. Anti-Parnellite Nationalist (IPP) from December 1890.

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Dublin St. Patrick's[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary William Martin Murphy 5,330 82.1 N/A
Irish Conservative Maurice Edward Dockrell 1,162 17.9 N/A
Majority 4,168 64.2 N/A
Turnout 6,492 72.5 N/A
Registered electors 8,952
Irish Parliamentary win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Dublin St. Patrick's[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary William Martin Murphy Unopposed
Irish Parliamentary hold

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Dublin St. Patrick's[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National League William Field 3,694 76.9 N/A
Irish National Federation William Martin Murphy 1,110 23.1 N/A
Majority 2,584 53.8 N/A
Turnout 4,804 66.2 N/A
Registered electors 7,261
Irish National League gain from Irish Parliamentary Swing N/A
General Election 1895: Dublin St. Patrick's[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National League William Field Unopposed
Irish National League hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Dublin Patrick's[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary William Field Unopposed
Irish Parliamentary hold
General Election 1906: Dublin St. Patrick's[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary William Field Unopposed
Irish Parliamentary hold

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election, January 1910: Dublin St. Patrick's[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary William Field Unopposed
Irish Parliamentary hold
General Election, December 1910: Dublin St. Patrick's[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary William Field Unopposed
Irish Parliamentary hold
General Election 1918: Dublin St Patrick's[2][3][1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Sinn Féin Constance de Markievicz 7,835 65.85 N/A
Irish Parliamentary William Field 3,752 31.53 N/A
Independent Nationalist James Joseph Kelly 312 2.62 N/A
Majority 4,083 34.31 N/A
Turnout 11,899 63.34 N/A
Registered electors 18,785
Sinn Féin gain from Irish Parliamentary Swing N/A

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.
  2. ^ "The Irish General Election of 1918". Ark.ac.uk. Retrieved 11 November 2017.
  3. ^ General Election: 14 December 1918 – Dublin St Stephen's, ElectionsIreland.org