Dublin West (Dáil constituency)

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Dublin West
Dáil Éireann
Parliamentary Constituency
Outline map
Location of Dublin West within County Dublin
Current constituency
Created1981
Seats5 (1981–1992)
4 (1992–2002)
3 (2002–2011)
4 (2011–)
TDs
County councilFingal County Council
EP constituencyDublin

Dublin West is a parliamentary constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas. The constituency elects 4 deputies (Teachtaí Dála, commonly known as TDs). The method of election is the single transferable vote form of proportional representation (PR-STV).

History[edit]

A Dublin West constituency was created for the first time as a 5-seater, under the terms of the Electoral (Amendment) Act 1980[1] and was first used for the 1981 general election. It drew its electorate from the abolished constituencies of Dublin County West, Dublin Ballyfermot and Dublin Cabra together with a small part of Dublin South-East. It was reduced to 4 seats for the 1992 general election. Following the Electoral (Amendment) (No. 2) Act 1998 which took effect for the 2002 general election, the constituency was reduced in size and representation, being the largest source of voters for the new Dublin Mid-West seat. As a result, it was reduced from a 4-seat to a 3-seat constituency. At the 2011 general election the number of seats was increased to 4.[2]

Boundaries[edit]

The area of west Dublin in recent years is probably the most redrawn constituency in the Republic of Ireland. The constituency is currently made up of the Castleknock and most of the Mulhuddart electoral areas of Fingal. The constituency encompasses Mulhuddart, Corduff, Blanchardstown, Castleknock, Carpenterstown, Barberstown, Clonsilla and Ongar.[3]

The Electoral (Amendment) (Dáil Constituencies) Act 2013 defines the constituency as:[4]

"In the county of Fingal the electoral divisions of:
Blanchardstown-Blakestown, Blanchardstown-Coolmine, Blanchardstown-Corduff, Blanchardstown-Delwood, Blanchardstown-Mulhuddart, Blanchardstown-Roselawn, Blanchardstown-Tyrrelstown, Castleknock-Knockmaroon, Castleknock-Park, Lucan North;
and those parts of the electoral divisions of Blanchardstown-Abbotstown, and The Ward situated north of a line drawn along the Northern Cross Route (M50);
and, in the city of Dublin, the electoral divisions of:
Ashtown A, Ashtown B;
and that part of the electoral division of Phoenix Park situated north of a line drawn along Chapelizod Road, Conyngham Road and Parkgate Street."

The latter area includes Dublin Zoo and Áras an Uachtaráin, the official residence of the President of Ireland.

TDs[edit]

Teachtaí Dála (TDs) for Dublin West 1981–[5]
Key to parties
Dáil Election Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
Deputy
(Party)
22nd 1981[6] Jim Mitchell
(FG)
Brian Lenihan Snr
(FF)
Richard Burke
(FG)
Eileen Lemass
(FF)
Brian Fleming
(FG)
23rd 1982 (Feb)[7] Liam Lawlor
(FF)
1982 by-election[8] Liam Skelly
(FG)
24th 1982 (Nov)[9] Eileen Lemass
(FF)
Tomás Mac Giolla
(WP)
25th 1987[10] Patrick O'Malley
(PD)
Liam Lawlor
(FF)
26th 1989[11] Austin Currie
(FG)
27th 1992[12] Joan Burton
(Lab)
4 seats
1992–2002
1996 by-election[13] Brian Lenihan Jnr
(FF)
28th 1997[14] Joe Higgins
(SP)
29th 2002[15] Joan Burton
(Lab)
3 seats
2002–2011
30th 2007[16] Leo Varadkar
(FG)
31st 2011[17] Joe Higgins
(SP)
4 seats
from 2011
2011 by-election[18] Patrick Nulty
(Lab)
2014 by-election[19] Ruth Coppinger
(SP)
32nd 2016[20] Ruth Coppinger
(AAA–PBP)
Jack Chambers
(FF)

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

2016 general election: Dublin West[20]
Party Candidate % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5
Fine Gael Leo Varadkar 19.7 8,247 8,328 9,021    
AAA–PBP Ruth Coppinger 15.5 6,520 6,626 6,690 7,011 8,548
Fianna Fáil Jack Chambers 16.5 6,917 7,148 7,236 7,330 8,315
Labour Party Joan Burton 15.4 6,445 6,508 6,668 6,769 8,009
Sinn Féin Paul Donnelly 14.4 6,034 6,073 6,093 6,188 7,091
Independent David McGuinness 7.1 2,991 3,081 3,112 3,405  
Green Party Roderic O'Gorman 4.1 1,730 1,839 1,864 2,098  
Independent T J Clare 2.6 1,092 1,191 1,214    
Fine Gael Catherine Noone 2.6 1,074 1,125      
Renua Jo O'Brien 1.6 677        
Independent Dermot Casey 0.5 225        
Electorate: 64,639   Valid: 41,952   Spoilt: 320 (0.8%)   Quota: 8,391   Turnout: 64,959 (65.4%)

2014 by-election[edit]

Following the resignation of Independent TD Patrick Nulty, a by-election was held on 23 May 2014, on the same day as the 2014 European and local elections.

2014 by-election: Dublin West[19][21]
Party Candidate % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6
Socialist Party Ruth Coppinger 20.6 5,977 6,112 6,744 7,342 8,807 12,334
Fianna Fáil David McGuinness 17.5 5,053 5,156 5,691 6,789 8,163 9,237
Sinn Féin Paul Donnelly 20.9 6,056 6,120 6,296 6,516 7,028  
Independent David Hall 13.1 3,803 4,133 4,783 5,846    
Fine Gael Eamonn Coghlan 12.8 3,715 3,788 4,693      
Green Party Roderic O'Gorman 6.4 1,856 1,951        
Labour Party Lorraine Mulligan 5.2 1,505 1,540        
Independent Seán Lyons 2.2 649          
Independent John Kidd 0.8 228          
Fís Nua Daniel Boyne 0.4 113          
Electorate: 63,521   Valid: 28,955   Spoilt: 395 (1.4%)   Quota: 14,478   Turnout: 29,350 (46.2%)

2011 by-election[edit]

Following the death of Fianna Fáil TD Brian Lenihan Jnr, a by-election was held on 27 October 2011, on the same day as the Irish presidential election and two constitutional referendums.

2011 by-election: Dublin West[18]
Party Candidate % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5
Labour Party Patrick Nulty 24.3 8,665 8,885 10,186 13,027 17,636
Fianna Fáil David McGuinness 21.7 7,742 7,935 8,720 9,873 11,590
Socialist Party Ruth Coppinger 21.1 7,542 7,834 9,368 9,873  
Fine Gael Eithne Loftus 14.7 5,263 5,410 5,942    
Sinn Féin Paul Donnelly 8.9 3,173 3,309      
Green Party Roderic O'Gorman 5.0 1,787 1,925      
Independent Barry Caesar Hunt 2.2 775        
Independent John Frank Kidd 0.9 311        
Independent Gary Bermingham 0.5 185        
Independent Brendan Doris 0.3 95        
Independent Jim Tallon 0.2 73        
Independent Benny Cooney 0.1 51        
Independent Peadar Ó Ceallaigh 0.1 40        
Electorate: 62,396   Valid: 35,702   Spoilt: 689 (1.9%)   Quota: 17,852   Turnout: 36,391 (58.3%)

2011 general election[edit]

2011 general election: Dublin West[17]
Party Candidate % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5
Labour Party Joan Burton 22.7 9,627        
Fine Gael Leo Varadkar 19.7 8,359 8,555      
Socialist Party Joe Higgins[22] 19.0 8,084 8,304 8,603    
Fianna Fáil Brian Lenihan Jnr 15.1 6,421 6,494 7,050 7,323 8,289
Labour Party Patrick Nulty 6.3 2,686 3,186 3,450 4,701 6,329
Fine Gael Kieran Dennison 7.5 3,190 3,248 3,440 3,693  
Sinn Féin Paul Donnelly 6.1 2,597 2,646 2,749    
Fianna Fáil David McGuinness 1.5 623 631      
Green Party Roderic O'Gorman 1.4 605 625      
Independent Clement Esebamen 0.7 280 288      
Electorate: 62,348   Valid: 42,472   Spoilt: 327 (0.8%)   Quota: 8,495   Turnout: 42,799 (68.6%)

2007 general election[edit]

2007 general election: Dublin West[16]
Party Candidate % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5
Fianna Fáil Brian Lenihan Jnr 32.7 11,125        
Fine Gael Leo Varadkar 20.4 6,928 7,199 7,360 7,753 8,710
Labour Party Joan Burton 17.1 5,799 6,101 6,215 6,673 7,905
Socialist Party Joe Higgins 14.9 5,066 5,270 5,325 5,607 7,472
Sinn Féin Felix Gallagher 4.8 1,624 1,677 1,683 1,777  
Fianna Fáil Gerry Lynam 4.7 1,601 3,214 3,455 3,587  
Green Party Roderic O'Gorman 3.8 1,286 1,349 1,417    
Progressive Democrats Mags Murray 1.6 553 676      
Electorate: 52,193   Valid: 33,982   Spoilt: 206 (0.6%)   Quota: 8,496   Turnout: 34,188 (65.5%)

2002 general election[edit]

2002 general election: Dublin West[15]
Party Candidate % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6
Fianna Fáil Brian Lenihan Jnr 26.9 8,086          
Socialist Party Joe Higgins 21.5 6,442 6,660 6,731 7,853    
Labour Party Joan Burton 12.7 3,810 4,020 4,079 4,375 5,125 6,300
Fine Gael Sheila Terry 12.3 3,694 3,783 3,829 3,982 4,863 5,669
Fianna Fáil Deirdre Doherty Ryan 7.7 2,300 2,386 2,698 3,056 3,728  
Progressive Democrats Tom Morrissey 7.9 2,370 2,480 2,554 2,662    
Sinn Féin Mary Lou McDonald 8.0 2,404 2,498 2,524      
Green Party Robert Bonnie 2.5 748          
Christian Solidarity John Smyth 0.5 134          
Electorate: 53,780   Valid: 29,988   Spoilt: N/A[23]   Quota: 7,498   Turnout: 29,988 (55.8%)

1997 general election[edit]

1997 general election: Dublin West[14]
Party Candidate % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8 Count 9
Socialist Party Joe Higgins 16.2 6,496 6,616 6,886 6,960 7,285 8,094      
Fianna Fáil Brian Lenihan Jnr 17.1 6,842 6,919 6,976 7,028 7,209 7,488 8,544    
Fianna Fáil Liam Lawlor 10.6 4,241 4,271 4,360 4,387 4,497 4,838 5,674 7,371 7,797
Fine Gael Austin Currie 13.1 5,256 5,330 5,397 6,335 6,663 6,764 6,942 7,645 7,698
Labour Party Joan Burton 12.1 4,853 4,941 5,116 5,429 5,851 6,077 6,186 6,802 6,852
Progressive Democrats Tom Morrissey 7.6 3,050 3,133 3,168 3,241 3,439 3,533 3,767    
Fianna Fáil Finbarr Hanrahan 5.5 2,216 2,246 2,273 2,302 2,457 2,564      
Sinn Féin John McCann 5.0 2,004 2,035 2,246 2,257 2,348        
Green Party Paul Gogarty 4.3 1,732 1,799 1,926 2,011          
Fine Gael Joanne Harmon 3.8 1,532 1,586 1,622            
Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 2.8 1,135 1,157              
Independent Seán Lyons 1.5 585                
Independent Colin Butler 0.2 96                
Independent Ciara Malone 0.1 36                
Electorate: 66,419   Valid: 40,074   Spoilt: 223 (0.6%)   Quota: 8,015   Turnout: 40,297 (60.7%)

1996 by-election[edit]

Following the death of Fianna Fáil TD Brian Lenihan Snr, a by-election was held on 2 April 1996. The seat was won by the Fianna Fáil candidate Brian Lenihan Jnr, son of the deceased TD.

1996 by-election: Dublin West[13]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Brian Lenihan Jnr 6,995 24.6 1 11
Independent Joe Higgins[24] 6,743 23.7
Fine Gael Tom Morrissey 3,728 13.1
Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 2,909 10.2
Green Party Paul Gogarty 1,286 4.5
Sinn Féin John McCann 1,574 5.5
Progressive Democrats Sheila Terry 1,314 4.6
Independent Vincent Jackson 1,131 4.0
Labour Party Michael O'Donovan 1,058 3.7
Christian Solidarity Gerard Casey 768 2.7
Independent Sean Lyons 514 1.8
Independent John O'Halloran 369 1.3
Independent Benny Cooney 21 0.1
Electorate: 62,534   Valid: 28,410   Quota: 14,206   Turnout: 45.4%

1992 general election[edit]

1992 general election: Dublin West[12]
Party Candidate % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8 Count 9 Count 10 Count 11 Count 12 Count 13 Count 14
Labour Party Joan Burton 22.6 8,398                          
Fianna Fáil Brian Lenihan Snr 13.9 5,171 5,210 5,215 5,242 5,349 5,395 5,450 5,653 5,826 6,052 6,337 6,590 8,007  
Fine Gael Austin Currie 9.0 3,360 3,551 3,559 3,821 3,930 4,067 4,088 4,273 5,146 5,329 6,444 6,724 7,155 7,226
Fianna Fáil Liam Lawlor 10.1 3,736 3,765 3,772 3,828 3,854 3,904 4,030 4,087 4,126 4,258 4,365 4,605 5,655 6,097
Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 7.3 2,726 2,915 2,929 3,025 3,070 3,238 3,550 3,652 3,700 4,287 4,483 5,814 5,984 6,047
Fianna Fáil Finbarr Hanrahan 7.3 2,727 2,759 2,765 2,785 2,836 2,947 2,984 3,068 3,127 3,184 3,357 3,460    
Independent Vincent Jackson 5.8 2,171 2,233 2,248 2,296 2,311 2,412 2,640 2,706 2,726 3,001 3,115      
Progressive Democrats Sheila Terry 4.0 1,498 1,583 1,591 1,678 1,781 1,893 1,904 2,090 2,385 2,478        
Independent Joe Higgins 3.8 1,407 1,500 1,505 1,523 1,555 1,645 1,741 1,891 1,933          
Fine Gael Tom Morrissey 3.2 1,179 1,220 1,222 1,360 1,583 1,615 1,628 1,731            
Independent Seán Lyons 2.8 1,027 1,070 1,078 1,084 1,186 1,278 1,322              
Sinn Féin John McCann 2.8 1,032 1,045 1,054 1,094 1,106 1,126                
Green Party Paul Gogarty 2.4 906 979 984 999 1,090                  
Independent Marie Blake 2.5 916 948 952 965                    
Fine Gael Therese Ridge 2.2 799 835 840                      
Independent Liam Lynch 0.3 99 108                        
Electorate: 57,955   Valid: 37,152   Spoilt: 519 (1.4%)   Quota: 7,431   Turnout: 37,671 (65.0%)

1989 general election[edit]

1989 general election: Dublin West[11]
Party Candidate % 1st Pref Count 1 Count 2 Count 3 Count 4 Count 5 Count 6 Count 7 Count 8 Count 9 Count 10 Count 11 Count 12
Fianna Fáil Brian Lenihan Snr 23.1 11,109                      
Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 17.1 8,218                      
Fine Gael Jim Mitchell 14.4 6,920 7,067 7,084 7,118 7,145 7,306 7,411 7,632 8,666      
Fine Gael Austin Currie 10.2 4,886 5,000 5,006 5,018 5,023 5,055 5,098 5,417 6,461 7,901 8,475  
Fianna Fáil Liam Lawlor 8.6 4,144 5,504 5,514 5,528 5,544 5,573 5,662 5,813 5,977 6,348 6,390 6,469
Fianna Fáil Olga Bennett 8.2 3,924 5,240 5,245 5,255 5,276 5,333 5,414 5,678 5,835 6,201 6,246 6,396
Labour Party Eamon Tuffy 4.3 2,063 2,092 2,126 2,189 2,220 2,370 2,567 3,360 3,707      
Progressive Democrats Patrick O'Malley 5.4 2,572 2,628 2,634 2,647 2,652 2,682 2,734 3,005        
Green Party Bridin O'Connor 4.0 1,915 1,965 2,003 2,031 2,077 2,182 2,484          
Sinn Féin John McCann 1.8 853 867 889 905 1,301 1,364            
Democratic Socialist Michael Conaghan 1.4 668 676 703 716 735              
Sinn Féin Ursula Quinn 1.1 545 553 593 603                
Independent John Montgomery 0.4 209 211                    
Electorate: ?   Valid: 48,026   Quota: 8,005   Turnout:

1987 general election[edit]

1987 general election: Dublin West[10]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fianna Fáil Brian Lenihan Snr 8,278 16.0 1
Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 6,651 12.9 2
Fine Gael Jim Mitchell 6,585 12.7 3
Progressive Democrats Patrick O'Malley 3,308 6.4 4
Fianna Fáil Liam Lawlor 7,020 13.6 5
Fianna Fáil Olga Bennett 5,622 10.9
Fine Gael Brian Fleming 4,011 7.8
Progressive Democrats James Fay 2,706 5.2
Independent Liam Skelly 1,734 3.4
Labour Party Eamon Tuffy 1,185 2.3
Sinn Féin James Delaney 1,041 2.0
Fine Gael Eithne Loftus 860 1.7
Independent Seán Lyons 675 1.3
Democratic Socialist Michael Conaghan 600 1.2
Independent Bridin O'Connor 587 1.1
Independent Gerry Gallagher 312 0.6
Independent Brian McMenamy 239 0.5
Independent John Montgomery 183 0.4
Independent Jean Roche 72 0.1
Independent Barbara Hyland 43 0.1
Electorate: ?   Valid: 51,712   Quota: 8,619   Turnout:

November 1982 general election[edit]

November 1982 general election: Dublin West[9]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 6,844 14.7 1
Fine Gael Jim Mitchell 7,426 16.0 2
Fianna Fáil Eileen Lemass 6,544 14.1 3
Fianna Fáil Brian Lenihan Snr 5,464 11.7 4
Fine Gael Liam Skelly 6,876 14.8 5
Fine Gael Brian Fleming 5,804 12.5
Fianna Fáil Liam Lawlor 4,055 8.7
Labour Party Michael Brennan 1,835 3.9
Fianna Fáil Seán Sherwin 983 2.1
Democratic Socialist Michael Conaghan 476 1.0
Independent John Montgomery 259 0.6
Electorate: ?   Valid: 46,566   Quota: 7,762   Turnout:

1982 by-election[edit]

Following the resignation of Fine Gael TD Richard Burke on his appointment as European Commissioner, a by-election was held on 25 May 1982. The seat was won by the Fine Gael candidate Liam Skelly.

1982 by-election: Dublin West[8]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fine Gael Liam Skelly 16,777 39.0 1
Fianna Fáil Eileen Lemass 17,095 39.7
Sinn Féin - The Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 6,357 14.8
Independent John O'Halloran 785 1.8
Labour Party Brendan O'Sullivan 703 1.6
Democratic Socialist Michael Conaghan 667 1.6
Independent Matt Merrigan 334 0.8
Independent John Condron 233 0.5
Independent Séamus O'Daly 68 0.2
Independent Jim Tallon 42 0.1
Electorate: 70,203   Valid: 43,061   Quota: 21,531   Turnout: 61.3%

February 1982 general election[edit]

February 1982 general election: Dublin West[7]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fine Gael Jim Mitchell 8,657 19.1 1 1
Fine Gael Brian Fleming 5,764 12.7 2
Fianna Fáil Brian Lenihan Snr 6,972 15.4 3
Fianna Fáil Liam Lawlor 6,223 13.76 4
Fine Gael Richard Burke 4,790 10.59 5
Fianna Fáil Eileen Lemass 5,662 12.5
Sinn Féin - The Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 3,285 7.3
Labour Party Michael Gannon 2,617 5.8
Independent Anthony O'Hara 800 1.8
Independent John Montgomery 222 0.5
Independent Seán Corr 183 0.4
Independent Rod Eley 59 0.1
Electorate: ?   Valid: 45,234   Quota: 7,540   Turnout:

1981 general election[edit]

1981 general election: Dublin West[6]
Party Candidate 1st Pref % Seat Count
Fine Gael Jim Mitchell 9,326 20.0 1 1
Fianna Fáil Brian Lenihan Snr 7,169 15.3 2
Fine Gael Brian Fleming 5,052 10.8 3
Fine Gael Richard Burke 5,301 11.3 4
Fianna Fáil Eileen Lemass 4,953 10.6 5
Fianna Fáil Liam Lawlor 3,272 7.0
Anti H-Block Anthony O'Hara 3,034 6.5
Fianna Fáil Thomas Boland 2,682 5.7
Labour Party Mary Robinson 2,342 5.0
Sinn Féin - The Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 1,678 3.6
Labour Party Anne McStay 876 1.9
Labour Party Eamon Tuffy 476 1.0
Sinn Féin - The Workers' Party Mick Finnegan 332 0.7
Communist Party John Montgomery 202 0.4
Socialist Labour Ivor Nolan 63 0.1
Electorate: ?   Valid: 46,758   Quota: 7,794   Turnout:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act, 1980: Schedule (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2009.
  2. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009: Schedule". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
  3. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2005: Schedule". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 24 September 2010.
  4. ^ "Electoral (Amendment) (Dáil Constituencies) Act 2013: Schedule". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  5. ^ Walker, Brian M, ed. (1992). Parliamentary election results in Ireland, 1918–92. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0-901714-96-8. ISSN 0332-0286.
  6. ^ a b "General election 1981: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 4 March 2009.
  7. ^ a b "General election February 1982: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 4 March 2009.
  8. ^ a b "By-election 1982: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 4 March 2009.
  9. ^ a b "General election November 1982: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 4 March 2009.
  10. ^ a b "General election 1987: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 4 March 2009.
  11. ^ a b "General election 1989: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 4 March 2009.
  12. ^ a b "General election 1992: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 10 February 2009.
  13. ^ a b "By-election 1996: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 10 February 2009.
  14. ^ a b "General election 1997: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 10 February 2009.
  15. ^ a b "General election 2002: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 10 February 2009.
  16. ^ a b "General election 2007: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 10 February 2009.
  17. ^ a b "General election 2011: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
  18. ^ a b "By-election 2011: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  19. ^ a b "By-election 2014: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  20. ^ a b "General election 2016: Dublin West". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  21. ^ "List of Candidates 2014 Bye Election". Dublin County Returning Officer. 6 May 2014. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2014.
  22. ^ Higgins campaigned as a member of the United Left Alliance at the 2011 general election.
  23. ^ Electronic voting was used in this constituency in 2002. Individual votes were published by the Dublin County Returning Officer in a zip file
  24. ^ Joe Higgins was an Independent candidate in 1996, as part of the Militant Labour organisation. "Big smiles as FF beats by-election bogy". The Irish Times. 4 April 1996. Retrieved 2 August 2011.

External links[edit]