Dublin and Drogheda Railway
Map of 1844 main line
Iron Latticework bridge over Royal Canal built 1844 taken c1890
|Dates of operation||24 May 1844–1875|
|Successor||Northern Railway of Ireland|
|Track gauge||5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm)|
|Previous gauge||5 ft 2 in (1,575 mm)[a]|
|Length||31.75 miles (51.10 km)(main line)|
Dublin and Drogheda Railway (D&D) was a railway company in Ireland which publicly opened its 31¾ mile main line between Dublin and Drogheda in May 1844. It was the third railway company in Ireland to operate passenger trains and the first to use the Irish standard 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm) gauge. It later opened branches to Howth and Oldcastle. The opening of the Dublin and Belfast Junction Railway (D&BJct) between the D&D at Drogheda and the Ulster Railway (UR) at Portadown in 1852 saw an almost continuous main line connection between Dublin and Belfast, which was resolved by the official opening of the Boyne Viaduct in April 1855. Amalgamations between these and other companies in 1875 and 1876 saw the creation of the Great Northern Railway of Ireland GNR(I).
In 1836 the D&D presented the scheme to parliament to construct the railway line between Dublin and Drogheda and it successfully received royal assent on 13 August 1836. Despite support of eminent engineers for the coastal route some opposing factions pressed for an inland route via Navan and some other speculative schemes resulted in litigations, delays and expense. Some savings in the project were possible when Rev Taylor of Ardgillan Castle near Balbriggan permitted the railway to pass through the demesne allowing the railway to take a more favourable and less expensive course. An amended bill presented to parliament in February 1840 and assisted by the services of Daniel O'Connell and eventually passed.
The line was proposed to be built to 5 ft 2 in (1,575 mm) gauge on the grounds of lower costs. The two broader gauges were used nowhere else. Following complaints from the UR the Board of Trade investigated the matter, and in 1843 decreed the use of 5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm).
On 20 May 1844 Major General C. W. Pasley, the Inspector General of Railways inspected the D&D slowly in one direction and with a reverse run at speed highly commended the works and recommended to the Board of Trade they permit the line to be opened on 24 May 1844. At this point only one track was open bu the second was expected within a month or so.
The following stations were served by the line when it opened: Royal Canal (Temporary Dublin terminus - replaced by Amiens Street Station on 29 November 1844); Clontarf; Raheny; Baldoyle; Portmarnock; Malahide; Donabate; Rush and Lusk; Skerries; Balbriggan; Gormanston; Laytown; Bettystown; Drogheda.
The branch line to Howth from Howth Junction and Donaghmede was inspected by Captain Simmons and opened on 30 May 1847, though the junction station from the main line was only opened on 1 October 1848. The branch had been partially opened to Sutton earlier on 30 July 1846.
Dublin—Belfast main line
The Dublin to Drogheda route was to form part of the Dublin to Belfast main line. In 1845 a new railway company, Dublin and Belfast Junction Railway (D&BJct), received royal assent for its Act to connect the D&D at Drogheda to the Ulster Railway at Portadown, therefore creating a rail link between Dublin and Belfast. The line was completed in 1852 apart from the crossing of the Boyne. The line became operationally complete when the first tran crossed the Boyne Viaduct on 5 April 1855.
Unlike the D&KR which used a single central buffer the D&D used twin buffers mounted above the wheels.
By the time of the amalgamation into the GNR (I) in 1876 the D&D had locomotives numbered up to 23 which were inherited by the GNR(I). At that time the main line fast trains were allocated to 2-2-2 Nos. 13 to 16, built in 1859 to 1861 by Beyer-Peacock, with 6 feet 0 inches (1.83 m) driving wheels and 15x20in cylinders. There was also No. 12, a 2-4-0 express engine from the same manufacturer in 1870 with 16x21in driving wheels, this had some likeness to three similar engines build for the D&BJct between 1866 and 1868.
Other locomotives used are noted. There is note of a 2-2-2 with 5 feet 3 inches (1.60 m) driving wheels from Sharps. Grendons had built some small 2-2-2 locomotives that were later to converted to tank engines notably without brakes. Goods work was mainly handled by 0-4-2 engines, two of which were from Beyer Peacock.
The 1862 Neilson 0-6-0 ST locomotive with 5 ft 6 in (1.68 m) driving wheels and 12 by 18 inches (300 mm × 460 mm) cylinders is described by Ahrons as being notable for having both side and saddlle tanks and also for having the footplate fully enclosed.
The Fry Model Collection contains a model of the D&D locomotive 2-2-2T No. 8 and train. This one-off locomotive was built for and used on the Howth branch together with 2-2-2 WT No. 3 built in 1844.
- While planned no rails of this width were laid
- Some other sources mention 25 May 1844. If may be scheduled service only started on 25 May 1845 or the discrepancy is for some other reason, for instance difference between scheduled and actual date or the first day being for a special train only
- Railway (1844), pp. 1–6.
- Railway (1844), p. 5.
- "Steaming into the Future". www.askaboutireland.ie.
- "Railways in Craigavon". www.craigavonhistoricalsociety.org.uk.
- Officers (1846), p. 425.
- Fullerton (1846), p. 131.
- "List of Railways in Ireland" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
- Geraghty (2013), p. 117.
- Hunt (1848), p. 332.
- Ayres (2003), Howth.
- Ayres (2003), Sutton.
- Hamond & Friel (2007), p. 87.
- McQuillan (2005), p. 1.
- Jenkinson (1991), Cover, 99.
- Ahrons (1954), pp. 67–68.
- Ahrons (1954), pp. 67–68, fp. 69.
- "Drawing of Dublin and Drogheda Railway 2-2-2 5'3" Gauge Locomotive General Arrangement | Science Museum Group Collection".
- Ahrons (1954), p. 67.
- Ahrons (1954), p. 49.
- Ahrons (1927), pp. 90–91.
- Johnston (1999), pp. 18, 22.
Sources and further reading
- Ahrons, E.L. (1927). The British Steam Railway Locomotive 1825-1925. Amen Corner, London: Locomotive Publishing Co. OCLC 2329259. OL 6715902M.
- — (1954). L. L. Asher (ed.). Locomotive and train working in the latter part of the nineteenth century". six. W Heffer & Sons Ltd.
- Ayres, Bob (2003). "Irish Railway Station Dates" (PDF). Railscot. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
- Gamble, Norman E. (1972). The Dublin and Drogheda Railway Project, 1835-1844 (Thesis). Trinity College. OL 12490313W.
- Fullerton, A. (1846). The Parliamentary Gazetter of Ireland, 1844-45. 2. Dublin, London and Edinburgh: A. Fullerton & Co.
- Geraghty, P. J. (2013). "The Dublin and Drogheda Railway: the First Great Irish Speculation". Dublin Historical Record. Old Dublin Society. 66. JSTOR 24616055.
- Hamond, Fred; Friel, Charles (December 2007). "13 Drogheda–Oldcastle Line". An Industrial Heritage Survey of Railways in Counties Monaghan and Louth (PDF). Monaghan CC & Louth CC (Report). Archived (PDF) from the original on 24 May 2019.
- Hunt, Freeman (1848). "From July to December, 1848". The Merchant's Magazine and Commercial Review. Vol. 19. New York.
- KJP (2019). "Great Northern Railway (Ireland)". Steamindex. Archived from the original on 26 February 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
- Jenkinson, David (August 1991). "The Fry Model Railway". Modellers' Back Track. Vol. 1 no. 3. Atlantic Transport Publishers.
- Johnston, Norman (1999). Locomotives of the GNRI. Newtownards: Colourprint Books. ISBN 1-898392-48-X. OCLC 43340833. OL 12248170M.
- McQuillan, Jack (26 August 2005). "Building the Boyne Viaduct". The Argus. Independent News and Media.
- Officers, The (1846). "Report of the Officers of the Railway Department to the Lords of the Committee of Privvy Council for Trade - For the years 1844–1845". Parliamentary Papers (Report). 39. HMSO.
- Railway, Dublin & Drogheda (1844). Handbook to the Dublin and Drogheda Railway. Dublin: N Walsh. OCLC 949843787.
- Winchester, C. (2014). Railways of Ireland. Gloucester: Amberley. ISBN 9781445640396.