Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria
|Princess Mathilde Ludovika|
|Countess of Trani|
|Born||30 September 1843|
Possenhofen, Kingdom of Bavaria
|Died||18 June 1925 (aged 81)|
|Spouse||Prince Louis, Count of Trani|
|Issue||Maria Teresa, Princess of Hohenzollern |
María Salvadora Bermúdez de Castro
|Father||Maximilian Joseph, Duke in Bavaria|
|Mother||Princess Ludovika of Bavaria|
Mathilde Ludovika, Duchess in Bavaria (30 September 1843 – 18 June 1925) was the fourth daughter of Maximilian, Duke in Bavaria and Princess Ludovika of Bavaria. Her mother was the youngest daughter of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria by his second wife Margravine Karoline of Baden.
Born and raised at Possenhofen Castle, Mathilde was a younger sister of (among others) Duke Karl-Theodor in Bavaria, Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria and Duchess Marie Sophie in Bavaria. She was an older sister of (among others) Duchess Sophie in Bavaria.
Marriage and family
On 5 June 1861, Mathilde married Lodovico, Count of Trani. He was heir presumptive to his older half-brother Francis II of the Two Sicilies. Francis was married to her older sister Marie Sophie. The bride was seventeen years old and the groom was twenty-two. They had one child, a daughter:
- Princess Maria Teresa Maddalena of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (15 January 1867 – 1 May 1909). She married Prince Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.
Allegedly, during the early years of her marriage, Mathilde had an affair with the Spanish diplomat Salvador Bermúdez de Castro, Duke of Ripalda and Santa Lucía, with whom she had a daughter at the Villa Farnesina in Rome:
- María Salvadora Bermúdez de Castro (20 January 1864 – 18 September 1945), later Duchess of Santa Lucía. Sent to Brighton immediately after her birth, she was raised by her paternal family and legally adopted by her father only in 1879; she probably never saw her mother. She married Alvaro Pérez de Barradas y Fernández de Cordoba, 12th Marquess of Peñaflor.
Two Sicilies Revolution
Lodovico was still the heir of Francis as head of a deposed Royal House. He retained this position for the rest of his life but predeceased Francis on 8 June 1886. Francis was eventually succeeded by their younger brother Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta. Mathilde survived her husband by thirty-nine years but never remarried.
Titles and styles
- 30 September 1843 – 5 June 1861: Her Royal Highness Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria
- 5 June 1861 – 8 June 1886: Her Royal Highness The Countess of Trani, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess in Bavaria
- 8 June 1886 – 18 June 1925: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Countess of Trani, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess in Bavaria
- La Villa Farnesina in: www.lne.es (in Spanish) [retrieved 04 February 2016]
- "The Book of Kings: A Royal Genealogy" by C. Arnold McNaughton.
Media related to Duchess Mathilde Ludovika in Bavaria at Wikimedia Commons