Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge
|Duchess of Cambridge (more)|
The Duchess of Cambridge in 2014
9 January 1982 |
Royal Berkshire Hospital, Reading, Berkshire, England
|Spouse||Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
|Issue||Prince George of Cambridge
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
|House||Windsor (by marriage)|
|Religion||Church of England|
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge (born Catherine Elizabeth Middleton 9 January 1982), is the wife of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge. Following his father Charles, Prince of Wales, William is second in line to succeed his grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, as monarch of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.
Middleton grew up in Chapel Row, a village near Newbury, Berkshire, England. She studied art history in Scotland at the University of St Andrews, where she met William in 2001. Their engagement was announced on 16 November 2010, and she attended several royal events before they married on 29 April 2011 at Westminster Abbey. The Duke and Duchess have two children: Prince George and Princess Charlotte of Cambridge, who are respectively third and fourth in line to the British throne.
She has had a major impact upon British and American fashion, which has been termed the "Kate Middleton effect", and in 2012 and 2013, she was selected as one of the "100 Most Influential People in the World" by Time magazine.
|Royal Family of
the United Kingdom and the
other Commonwealth realms
- 1 Early life
- 2 Relationship with Prince William
- 3 Public image and style
- 4 Royal duties
- 5 Violations of privacy
- 6 In popular culture
- 7 Titles, styles, honours and arms
- 8 Ancestry
- 9 Footnotes
- 10 References
- 11 Bibliography
- 12 External links
Catherine Elizabeth Middleton was born at Royal Berkshire Hospital in Reading on 9 January 1982, and christened at St Andrew's Bradfield, Berkshire, on 20 June 1982. She is the eldest of three children born to Michael and Carole Middleton, a former flight dispatcher and flight attendant, who in 1987 founded Party Pieces, a mail order private company that sells party supplies and decorations with an estimated worth of £30 million. The Middletons have another daughter, Philippa "Pippa",[better source needed] and a son, James.
Michael and Carole Middleton worked for British Airways, in Amman, Jordan, from May 1984 to September 1986. In Jordan, Catherine Middleton went to an English-language nursery school before returning to their home in Berkshire. Following her return from Amman, Middleton was enrolled at St Andrew's School near the village of Pangbourne in Berkshire, then briefly at Downe House. She was a boarder at Marlborough College, a co-educational independent boarding school in Wiltshire, and graduated in 2005, from the University of St Andrews in Fife, Scotland, with an undergraduate MA (2:1 Hons) in the history of art. In November 2006, Middleton accepted a position as an accessory buyer with the clothing chain Jigsaw, where she worked part-time until November 2007. She also worked until January 2011 at Party Pieces; her role within the family business included catalogue design and production, marketing and photography.
Relationship with Prince William
In 2001, Middleton met Prince William while they were both students in residence at St Salvator's Hall at the University of St. Andrews. The couple began dating in 2003, although their relationship remained unconfirmed. On 17 October 2005, Middleton complained through her lawyer about harassment from the media, stating that she had done nothing significant to warrant publicity.
Media attention increased around the time of her 25th birthday in January 2007, prompting warnings from both the Prince of Wales and Prince William and from Middleton's lawyers, who threatened legal action. Two newspaper groups, News International, which publishes The Times and The Sun; and the Guardian Media Group, publishers of The Guardian, decided to refrain from publishing paparazzi photographs of her. Middleton attended at least one event as an official royal guest: Prince William's Passing Out Parade at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst on 15 December 2006.
On 17 May 2008, Middleton attended the wedding of Prince William's cousin Peter Phillips to Autumn Kelly, which the prince did not attend. On 19 July 2008, she was a guest at the wedding of Lady Rose Windsor and George Gilman. Prince William was away on military operations in the Caribbean, serving aboard HMS Iron Duke. In 2010, Middleton pursued an invasion of privacy claim against two agencies and photographer Niraj Tanna, who took pictures of her over Christmas 2009. She obtained a public apology, £5,000 in damages, and legal costs.
Breakup and reconciliation
In April 2007, Prince William and Middleton split up. The couple decided to break up during a holiday in the Swiss resort of Zermatt. Clarence House declined to comment about the relationship's end, according to The Times, stating, "We don't comment on Prince William's private life".[better source needed] Newspapers speculated about the reasons for the split, although these reports relied on anonymous sources. Middleton and her family attended the Concert for Diana at Wembley Stadium, where she and Prince William sat two rows apart. The couple were subsequently seen together in public on a number of occasions and news sources stated that they had "rekindled their relationship".
Engagement and marriage
Prince William and Catherine Middleton became engaged in October 2010, in Kenya, during a 10-day trip to the Lewa Wildlife Conservancy to celebrate Prince William's passing his RAF helicopter search and rescue course. Clarence House announced the engagement on 16 November 2010. Prince William gave Middleton the engagement ring that had belonged to his mother, Diana, Princess of Wales. The couple married in Westminster Abbey on 29 April 2011 (St. Catherine's Day), with the day declared a bank holiday in the United Kingdom. Estimates of the global audience for the wedding ranged around 300 million or more, whilst 26 million watched the event live in Britain alone.
In October, several months after the wedding, Commonwealth leaders pledged that they would implement changes in British royal succession law to adopt absolute primogeniture, meaning that the first child of the Duke and Duchess would be eligible to take the throne regardless of whether it is male or female.
Motherhood and children
The Queen had issued new letters patent, dated 31 December 2012, enabling all children of the eldest son, as opposed to only the eldest son, of the Prince of Wales to enjoy the princely title and style of Royal Highness.
On 3 December 2012, St James's Palace announced that the Duchess was pregnant with her first child. The announcement was made earlier in the pregnancy than is traditional as she had been admitted to King Edward VII's Hospital Sister Agnes suffering from hyperemesis gravidarum, a severe form of morning sickness. She stayed in hospital for three days. On 14 January 2013, St James's Palace announced that the child was due to be born in July 2013, and that the condition of the Duchess was improving. The Duchess was admitted to St Mary's Hospital in London in the early stages of labour on the morning of 22 July 2013, and gave birth to a boy, weighing 8 pounds 6 ounces (3.80 kg), at 16:24 BST that day. On 24 July 2013, Kensington Palace announced that the baby would be named George Alexander Louis.
The Duchess's second pregnancy was announced on 8 September 2014. As with her first pregnancy, the Duchess suffered from hyperemesis gravidarum and was required to cancel official engagements. On 2 May 2015, at 08:34 BST, the Duchess gave birth to a girl weighing 8 pounds 3 ounces (3.71 kg). On 4 May 2015, Kensington Palace announced that the baby would be named Charlotte Elizabeth Diana.
Public image and style
Middleton became prominent for her fashion style and has been placed on numerous "best dressed" lists. She was selected by The Daily Telegraph as the "Most Promising Newcomer" in its 2006 list of style winners and losers. Tatler placed her at number 8 on its yearly listing of the top ten style icons in 2007. She was featured in People magazine's 2007 and 2010 best-dressed lists. Middleton was named as one of Richard Blackwell's ten "Fabulous Fashion Independents" of 2007. In June 2008, Style.com selected Middleton as their monthly beauty icon. In July 2008, Middleton was included in Vanity Fair 's international best-dressed list. In February 2011, she was named the Top Fashion Buzzword of the 2011 season by the Global Language Monitor. In January 2012, she was voted 'Headwear Person of the Year.' Middleton was number one on Vanity Fair's annual Best Dressed lists in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013; she also appeared as the cover star in 2012.
Middleton was formally introduced to public life on 24 February 2011, two months before the wedding, when she and Prince William attended a lifeboat-naming ceremony in Trearddur, Anglesey, in North Wales. A day later they appeared in St Andrews to launch the university's 600th anniversary celebrations. On 16 February 2011, Clarence House announced that the Duke and Duchess's first royal tour of Canada would take place in July 2011. In May 2011, shortly after the wedding, Clarence House announced that the Duke and Duchess would extend their tour to visit California. This was to be the Duchess of Cambridge's first visit to the United States.
The Duchess's first official engagement after the wedding came in May, when she and her husband met Barack Obama, the President of the United States, and First Lady Michelle Obama. In June 2011, the Duke and Duchess presented medals to members of the Irish Guards.
On 26 October 2011, she undertook her first solo event for In Kind Direct, stepping in for the Prince of Wales, who was in Saudi Arabia. On 2 November, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge visited the UNICEF Supply Division Centre for supplying food to malnourished African children in Copenhagen, Denmark.
On St. Patrick's Day, 17 March 2012, the Duchess carried out the traditional awarding of shamrocks to the Irish Guards at their base in Aldershot; this was her first solo military engagement. On 19 March, she gave her first speaking engagement for the opening of the Treehouse, a new children's hospice opened by East Anglia's Children's Hospices (EACH), a charity of which she is a patron.
The Duchess has involved herself with the charities supported by her husband and his brother, Prince Harry. On 29 September 2011, the Duchess officially became a patron of The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry. Since November 2011 she and the Duke have attended the biannual Princes' Charities Forum, which unites the various charitable interests of the two princes.[better source needed] The Duchess did not attend the forum in November 2014 due to her pregnancy. In June 2012, The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry was renamed The Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and Prince Harry, to reflect Catherine's contribution to the charity.
The Duke and Duchess were announced as Ambassadors for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, alongside Prince Harry. The Duchess attended both the Opening and Closing Ceremonies of the Olympics.[better source needed] On 29 August 2012, the Duchess attended the Paralympic Opening Ceremony accompanied by her husband, the Duke of Cambridge.[better source needed] As part of her role, the Duchess attended numerous sporting events throughout the games.
In September 2012, the Duke and Duchess embarked on a tour of Singapore, Malaysia, Tuvalu, and the Solomon Islands as part of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee celebrations. During this overseas visit, the Duchess made her first official speech abroad, while visiting a hospice in Malaysia, drawing on her experience as patron of East Anglia's Children's Hospices.
Due to her pregnancy, the Duchess carried out fewer engagements in 2013 than in previous years. After the birth of Prince George, she carried out her first engagement in late August when she accompanied the Duke to meet runners preparing for an ultra-marathon on the isle of Anglesey, where they have a residence.
At the beginning of March 2014, details were announced of the half-month-long tour to New Zealand and Australia that the Duchess and her husband and son would be taking from 16 to 25 April. The tour was Catherine's first visit to the area and Prince George's first major public appearance since his christening in October 2013. The tour began in New Zealand where they visited Wellington, Blenheim, Auckland, Dunedin, Queenstown and Christchurch. It ended in Australia where they visited Sydney, the Blue Mountains, Brisbane, Uluru, Adelaide, and Canberra.
On 21 July 2014, it was announced that the Duchess would be making her first solo trip, visiting the island of Malta on 20–21 September 2014, when the island was celebrating its 50th independence anniversary. Her trip was cancelled, with the Duke taking her place, after the announcement of her second pregnancy in early September.
In March 2011, the Duke and Duchess set up a gift fund held by The Foundation of Prince William and Prince Harry to allow well-wishers who want to give them a wedding gift to donate money to charities they care about instead. The gift fund supported 26 charities of the couple's choice, incorporating the armed forces, children, the elderly, art, sport and conservation. These causes are close to their hearts and reflect the experiences, passions and values of their lives so far.
The Duchess supports charities The Art Room, National Portrait Gallery, East Anglia's Children's Hospice, Action on Addiction, Place2Be, Natural History Museum, Sportsaid, and The 1851 Trust. The Natural History Museum is a patronage formerly held by Diana, Princess of Wales.
She is also a local volunteer leader with the Scout Association in north Wales. In October 2012, the Duchess gave her royal backing to the M-PACT programme (Moving Parents and Children Together), one of the only UK programmes to focus specifically on the impact of drug addiction on families as a whole.
Violations of privacy
In 1997, William's mother, Diana, Princess of Wales, died in a road accident in Paris while being chased by paparazzi. This incident has influenced the Duke's attitude towards intrusive media attention. Both the Duchess and her husband have been clear that, when off-duty, their privacy should be respected, yet the media, at times, has violated the couple's wishes.
In 2009, before her engagement to William, Middleton was awarded £10,000 damages and an apology from the photographic press agency Rex Features Ltd after she was photographed playing tennis on Christmas Eve when on holiday in Cornwall.
On 13 September 2012, it was reported that the French edition of "la presse people" magazine Closer and the Italian gossip magazine Chi, had both published photographs of the Duchess sun-bathing topless while on holiday at the Château d'Autet (a private château on a 260-ha estate some 71 km north of Aix-en-Provence). Analysts from The Times believed that the photograph was taken from the D22 (Vaucluse) road half a kilometre from the pool – a distance that would require an 800-mm or a 1000-mm lens. On 17 September 2012, the Duke and Duchess laid a criminal complaint to the French Prosecution Department and launched a claim for civil damages at the Tribunal de Grande Instance de Nanterre; the following day the courts granted an injunction against Closer prohibiting further publication of the pictures and also announced that a criminal investigation would be initiated. Under French law, punitive damages cannot be awarded but such intrusions of privacy are a criminal offence carrying a maximum jail sentence of one year and a fine of up to €45,000 for individuals and €225,000 for companies.
In December 2012, two Australian radio hosts, Michael Christian and Mel Greig, called King Edward VII's Hospital Sister Agnes where the Duchess was an in-patient for hyperemesis gravidarum. Pretending to be the Queen and the Prince of Wales, Greig and Christian telephoned the hospital and spoke to a nurse on the Duchess's ward, enquiring about her condition. Following a hospital inquiry and a public backlash against the hoax, the nurse who put the call through to the ward, Jacintha Saldanha, committed suicide. The radio hosts subsequently apologised for their actions.
In its second breach of privacy, in February 2013, Chi published the first photos of Catherine's exposed baby bump, taken during her vacation on the private island of Mustique. The British press have refused to publish the paparazzi shots out of respect for the couple. Whilst the Duchess was visiting the Blue Mountains in Sydney a picture was taken of her bare bottom as her dress blew up. Many newspapers refused to follow the ban imposed by British media and published the picture.
In popular culture
Following international attention regarding the wedding, Lifetime aired a TV film entitled William & Kate on 18 April 2011, in the US. The film premiered in the UK on 24 April 2011. Middleton was played by Camilla Luddington and Prince William by Nico Evers-Swindell. TV programmes were also shown in the UK prior to the wedding which provided deeper insights into the couple's relationship and backgrounds, including When Kate Met William and Channel 4's Meet the Middletons.
Another TV film covering similar ground to William & Kate, titled William & Catherine: A Royal Romance and filmed in Bucharest, starred Alice St. Clair and Dan Amboyer as the title characters. Jane Alexander appeared as the Queen and Victor Garber as the Prince of Wales. The film aired on 27 August 2011, in the United States on the Hallmark Channel.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 9 January 1982 – 29 April 2011: Miss Catherine Elizabeth Middleton
- 29 April 2011 – present: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge
- in Scotland: 29 April 2011 – present: Her Royal Highness The Countess of Strathearn
Upon marriage, Catherine became known as "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge". A fuller version of her title and style is Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge, Countess of Strathearn and Lady Carrickfergus. In Scotland, she is also styled as "Her Royal Highness The Countess of Strathearn". In Northern Ireland, she is occasionally known as "Lady Carrickfergus".
Unlike the majority of royal brides, Catherine's immediate family is neither aristocratic nor royal. On the morning of their wedding day on 29 April 2011, at 8:00 am, officials at Buckingham Palace announced that in accordance with royal tradition and on recognition of the day by the Queen, Prince William was created Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus.
- 6 February 2012: Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
Honorary military appointments
- 5 July 2011 – present: Canadian Ranger
- Ontario: Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge Award, University of Waterloo, Waterloo
In September 2013, the Queen granted a conjugal coat of arms to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, consisting of their individual arms displayed side by side, beneath a helm and coronet denoting the Duke's status as grandson of the Sovereign. Below is shown the earlier grant of the Duchess's personal arms, impaled with those of her husband.
Middleton's father, Michael, and her paternal ancestors were from Leeds, Yorkshire. Her paternal great-grandmother, Olive, was a member of the Lupton family, who are described in the City of Leeds Archives as "landed gentry, a political and business dynasty"; previously unpublished pictures revealed in March 2015 that Olive Middleton had grown up on her family's Potternewton Hall Estate alongside her cousin, Baroness von Schunck, née Kate Lupton. Middleton's paternal ancestors also include her great-great-grandfather, politician Francis Martineau Lupton (1848–1921), whose first cousin, Sir Thomas Martineau, was reported in June 2014 as being the uncle of World War II Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain.
Middleton's maternal ancestors, the Harrisons, were working-class labourers and miners from Sunderland and County Durham. Ancestors through her maternal line include Sir Thomas Conyers, 9th Baronet (1731–1810), who was a descendant of King Edward IV through his illegitimate daughter Elizabeth Plantaganet. Other ancestors are Sir Thomas Fairfax (1475–1520), whose wife Anne Gascoigne was a descendant of King Edward III.
|Ancestors of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge|
- As a titled royal, Catherine need not use a surname, but when one is used, it is Mountbatten-Windsor. Many media outlets, however, refer to her by her maiden name, Catherine (or Kate) Middleton.
- Adams, William Lee (14 April 2011). "Kate Middleton's Secret Confirmation: How Religious Is the Future Princess?". Time. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- "Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge". Current Biography Yearbook 2011. Ipswich, MA: H.W. Wilson. 2011. pp. 116–118. ISBN 978-0-8242-1121-9.
- "Queen Kate? Her Royal Highness? In search of Kate Middleton's New Title". Time. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "Royal wedding: Kate Middleton's home village of Bucklebury prepares for big day". The Telegraph. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- Saul, Heather (22 July 2013). "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge goes into labour". The Independent. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Royal baby: Kate gives birth to boy". BBC News. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to daughter". BBC News. 2 May 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- Caroline Davies. "Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to baby girl". the Guardian.
- Thomas-Bailey, Carlene; Zoe Wood (30 March 2012). "How the 'Duchess of Cambridge effect' is helping British fashion in US". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and Pippa Middleton - 2012 TIME 100: The Most Influential People in the World - TIME". TIME.com. 18 April 2012.
- "The 2013 Time 100". Time magazine. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- "The Duchess of Cambridge". The Royal Household. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- Jobson 2010, p. 32.
- "Money and the Middletons". The Daily Telegraph. Australia. 21 April 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- "About us". PartyPieces.co.uk. Retrieved 9 August 2008.
- Dominic Kennedy and Alex Ralph (26 November 2010). "How Kate Middleton's family made their money with Party Pieces website". The Australian. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- "Pippa Middleton: People.com". People.
- Reitwiesner, William Addams (2011). Child, Christopher Challender, ed. The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton. Scott Campbell Steward. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society. pp. 9, 16. ISBN 978-0-88082-252-7.
- Rayner, Gordon (7 March 2011). "Kate Middleton family photos reveal her time in Jordan". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 March 2011.
- "Profiles – Kate Middleton". Hello!. August 2001. Retrieved 9 August 2008.
- Roberts, Laura (17 November 2010). "Royal wedding: 50 things you may not know about Kate Middleton and Prince William". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "World press gather outside Middleton family home in Bucklebury as royal relationship ends". Newbury Today. 14 April 2007.
- Claudia Joseph (11 January 2011). Kate: The Making of a Princess. Mainstream Publishing. p. 89. ISBN 978-1-907195-35-8. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
One of the first girls Kate met.....was Jessica Hay who showed (Kate) up to their dormitory...
- Cramb, Auslan (25 February 2011). "Prince William and Kate Middleton return to St Andrews University for anniversary celebrations". The Telegraph.
- Lyall, Sarah (21 April 2011). "Fixating on a Future Royal as Elusive as Cinderella". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- HRH Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, The Official Website of the British Monarchy. "The Duchess of Cambridge". The Royal Household. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
In 2008, The Duchess launched First Birthdays, a junior brand to Party Pieces. Her role within the family business included catalogue design and production, marketing and photography
- Daily Mail, Reporter, (24 January 2011). "Kate Middleton prepares for life as a Royal housewife by leaving her parents' mail order business". UK Daily Mail, 25 January 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2015.
Royal aides confirmed she stepped down on Friday, one saying, 'She has handed over her work to colleagues and is now preparing for her future life
- Hoggard, Liz (July 21, 2008). "Kate's not precious. She mucked in at Jigsaw". London Evening Standard. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Cramb, Auslan (25 February 2011). "Prince William and Kate Middleton return to St Andrews University for anniversary celebrations". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 9 August 2015.
In their first year, they lived a few doors apart at St Salvator's hall....
- Peskoe, Ashley (12 April 2011). "The Start of Prince William and Kate Middleton's Love Story". ABC News. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Ex-royal aide condemns paparazzi". BBC News. 9 January 2007. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Rubin, Courtney; Nudd, Tim (16 January 2007). "Kate Middleton Seeks Privacy from Paparazzi". People. Retrieved 14 April 2007.
- "William graduates from Sandhurst". BBC News. 15 December 2006. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Royal wedding: The Kate Middleton story". BBC News. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Alderson, Andrew; Nikkah, Roya (17 May 2008). "Royal wedding: Peter Phillips and Autumn Kelly tie the knot". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Nikkah, Roya (19 July 2008). "Kate Middleton attends another royal wedding". The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Woods, Richard (21 February 2010). "Kate Middleton set for £10,000 privacy victory". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- Singh, Anita (11 March 2010). "Kate Middleton wins damages from paparazzi agency". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Prince William splits from Kate". BBC News. 14 April 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- Queen for Less Than a Day: Kate Middleton, Prince William Break Up The Hollywood Gossip, 14 April 2007
- "'Paparazzi chase' concerns prince". BBC News. 5 October 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2010.
- "Prince William to marry Kate Middleton next year". BBC News. 16 November 2010.
- "Royal wedding: profile of Kate Middleton". The Telegraph. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
- "His Royal Highness Prince William of Wales and Miss Catherine Middleton are engaged to be married" (Press release). Clarence House. 16 November 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2015 – via princeofwales.gov.uk.
- Bates, Stephen (23 November 2010). "Royal wedding date set for 29 April". The Guardian (UK).
- "2 billion tune into Royal Wedding". News.com.au. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
- ""REVEALED: Royal Wedding TV audience closer to 300m than 2bn (because sport, not royalty, reigns)", by Nick Harris at". Sportingintelligence.com. 8 May 2011. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- de Moraes, Lisa (28 April 2011). "The TV Column: Counting royal wedding watchers .?.?. before the wedding?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2 September 2013.
- NewsDesk (28 October 2011). "British royal succession laws to change". GlobalPost. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 8 January 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Royal baby girl 'would be princess'". BBC News. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Royal pregnancy: Duchess leaves hospital". BBC News. 6 December 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
- "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are expecting a baby". Clarence House. 3 December 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
- "Duchess of Cambridge due to give birth in July". BBC News. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
- The official announcement, signed by medical practitioners in attendance, as reproduced in the Court Circular section of The Times 24 July 2013, no 70945, was: "Kensington Palace, 22nd July 2013. The Duchess was safely delivered of a son at 4.24 p.m. today. Her Royal Highness and her child are both well. Signed: Marcus Setchell, Guy Thorpe-Beeston, Sunnit Godambe, John Cunningham."
- Kensington Palace (the official London residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge) said: "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are delighted to announce that they have named their son George Alexander Louis. The baby will be known as His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge."
- "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are expecting their second child" (Press release). Clarence House. 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014 – via princeofwales.gov.uk.
- "Duchess of Cambridge's second baby due in April". BBC News. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- "Royal princess named as Charlotte". BBC News. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
- Kate Middleton in Vanity Fair's Best-Dressed List TheGloss, 1 August 2008
- Kate Middleton's Style: Fit For A Future Princess? The Huffington Post, 16 November 2010
- Clare Coulson (3 January 2007). "Style Winners and Losers". The Telegraph. Retrieved 6 July 2008.[dead link]
- "Kate Middleton (Elizabeth Catherine), Duchess of Cambridge Style Icon 2012". womenfitness.net. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Knowles, Stefani make mags 'best dressed'". USA Today. Associated Press. 12 September 2007. Retrieved 6 July 2008.
- "Fabulous Fashion Independents". CBS News. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Evelyn Crowley (June 2008). "Kate Middleton". Style.com. Retrieved 6 July 2008.
- The International Best-Dressed List. Vanity Fair. 29 July 2008. Retrieved 31 July 2008.
- Serjeant, Jill (8 February 2011). "Kate Middleton deemed top fashion buzzword". Reuters. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
- White, Belinda (27 January 2012). "Kate Middleton crowned 'Hat Person of the Year'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Kate Middleton: Vanity Fair's Best-Dressed and September Cover Girl 2012". Retrieved 17 August 2012.
- "Kate Middleton Tops Vanity Fair Best Dressed List!". The Hollywood Gossip. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "Royal wedding: William and Kate's Anglesey visit". BBC News. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2011.
- Cramb, Auslan (25 February 2011). "Prince William and Kate Middleton return to St Andrews University for anniversary celebrations". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "HRH Prince William of Wales and Miss Catherine Middleton to undertake a Royal tour of Canada" (Press release). Clarence House. 16 February 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2015 – via www.princeofwales.gov.uk.
- "Royal newly-weds to visit US after Canada tour". BBC News. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- "Barack Obama and Michelle meet Prince William and Kate at Buckingham Palace". The Telegraph. 24 May 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Irish Guards receive Afghanistan medals from Duke and Duchess of Cambridge". Ministry of Defence. 20 February 2007. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- Ramsdale, Suzannah (28 October 2011). "K-Mid to the Rescue". Sky Living HD. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "William and Kate visit Unicef famine relief depot in Copenhagen". BBC News. 2 November 2011.
- "Photo story: William and Kate visit UNICEF Supply Centre". unicef.org.uk. 2 November 2011. Retrieved 25 December 2011.
- "Duchess of Cambridge presents shamrocks to Irish Guards". BBC News. 17 March 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Kate Middleton gives first public speech (2:51)". The Washington Post. 6 April 2012.
- "PHOTO's: Kate Attends Prince's Forum Wearing Zara!". Will & Kate Daily. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- Rayner, Gordon (17 July 2012). "'Kate effect' boosts Princes' charity by £4.2m". The Daily Telegraph.
- "Royals made ambassadors of London 2012 Olympic Games". The Guardian. 1 December 2011. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- Merriam, Allie. "Kate Middleton and Prince Harry Watch the Closing Ceremony". PopSugar. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- Nessif, Bruna. "Prince William and Kate Middleton Attend Paralympics Opening Ceremony (But No Prince Harry)". E!. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "The Royal Family and the Paralympics". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- Singh, Anita (15 December 2011). "Jubilee: royal trip to paradise for Duke and Duchess". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Duchess of Cambridge's first speech outside of the UK reaffirms support for global hospice movement". wpca.org. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Duchess of Cambridge gives first speech abroad". BBC News. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Duchess of Cambridge attends Anglesey ultra marathon". BBC News. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Kate Middleton, Duchess of Cambridge Accompanies Prince William To Anglesey Marathon". The Huffington Post. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Duchess of Cambridge".
- "Royal Tour New Zealand: William, Kate and George Take Break in Wellington Ahead of Hectic Programme". IB Times. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- "Royal tour of New Zealand and Australia: where the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge should visit". The Daily Telegraph. 3 March 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Duchess of Cambridge to make solo trip to Malta". BBC News. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- "Pregnant Duchess of Cambridge withdraws from Malta trip". BBC News. 18 September 2014.
- "The Prince William & Miss Catherine Middleton Charitable Gift Fund". Royal Wedding Charity Fund. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Ward, Victoria (16 March 2011). "William and Catherine ask for charity donations in lieu of wedding gifts". The Telegraph. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- Holden, Michael (16 March 2011). "William and Catherine set up royal wedding charity fund". Reuters. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
- "Duchess of Cambridge announces charity patronages". BBC News. 5 January 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
- "HRH The Duchess of Cambridge becomes Royal Patron of". The Art Room. 5 January 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2012.
- "The Duchess and Sport". Clarence House. 13 October 2014. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- Alleyne, Richard (5 January 2013). "Duchess of Cambridge to be a Scout leader as well as patron of four charities". The Telegraph. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- Olivia Parker (17 October 2012). "Duchess of Cambridge gives addiction charity royal support". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
- "Kate portrait: First painting gets mixed reviews". BBC News. 11 January 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
- "Paparazzi's role in Diana accident". BBC News. 9 April 2000. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- Cowell, Alan and Burns, John F. (14 September 2012). "Royal Couple Sue Over Photos of Topless Duchess". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- Gillespie, James; Mansey, Kate; Follain, John (16 September 2012). "Nowhere to hide". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- As measured using Michelin Route Planner.
- Malvern, Jack; Connolly, Sue (15 September 2012). "Spying photographers may have taken their shots of a secluded chateau from the road". The Times. pp. 6–7.
- "Kate and William to make criminal complaint over topless shots". BBC News. 16 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Kate topless photos: French injunction against magazine". BBC News. 18 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "Insurance/Reinsurance Bulletin August 2011 – Insurance and punitive damages in France". Holman Fenwick Willan, solicitors. 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "French Legislation on Privacy". Embassy of France in Washington. 2 December 2007. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Schofield, Hugh (17 September 2012). "Kate topless pictures: Criminal and legal cases". BBC News. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- Rayner, Gordon (8 December 2012). "Prank call plays on after death". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
- Byrnes, Holly; Harris, Amy; Ritchie, Dean; Marie, Erin (10 December 2012). "2Day FM DJs Michael Christian and Mel Greig 'shattered, gutted'". Herald Sun. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
- "The Royal Family Is Angered By Kate Middleton Baby Bump Photos". B96 Chicago. 13 February 2013.
- "Australian paper publishes Kate Middleton's controversial picture". Deccan Chronicle.
- Gallery: Lifetime's 'William & Kate' movie Digital Spy, 17 April 2011
- Wills and Kate movie 'guilty pleasure' TV[dead link] ITN.co.uk, 26 April 2011
- Full cast and crew for William & Kate (2011) Internet Movie Database
- Kate Middleton actress home for royal wedding BBC News, 27 April 2011
- Sun, Feifei (21 March 2011). "Drama Queen: Lifetime's 'William & Kate' Trailer Serves Up the Sap". Time NewsFeed. Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- Rewind TV: When Kate Met William; Kate and William: Romance and the Royals; The Suspicions of Mr Whicher; The Crimson Petal and the White The Observer, 1 May 2011
- TV review: Meet the Middletons; Help! My House is Infested; The Reckoning The Guardian, 18 April 2011
- "Hallmark Channel to film 'William & Catherine: A Royal Romance' – Lifeline Live". USA Today. 5 May 2011. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- William & Catherine: A Royal Romance at IMDB
- Schutte, Lauren (5 May 2011). "Production Begins on 'William & Catherine: A Royal Romance'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- William & Catherine: A Royal Romance at the Internet Movie Database
- "Media pack for the birth of the first child of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge" (PDF). Kensington Palace. July 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
On the occasion of his marriage, The Queen conferred a Dukedom on Prince William of Wales. The Duke received the titles of Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus. As a result Miss Catherine Middleton became Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge, Countess of Strathearn and Lady Carrickfergus.
- Beckford, Martin (29 April 2011). "Royal wedding: Prince William and Kate Middleton become Duke and Duchess of Cambridge". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
Buckingham Palace said in a statement published at 8 am on Friday: 'The Queen has today been pleased to confer a Dukedom on Prince William of Wales. 'His titles will be Duke of Cambridge, Earl of Strathearn and Baron Carrickfergus. 'Prince William thus becomes His Royal Highness The Duke of Cambridge and Miss Catherine Middleton on marriage will become Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge.'
- "Titles announced for Prince William and Catherine Middleton" (Press release). Clarence House. 29 April 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2013 – via princeofwales.gov.uk.
- Rayner, Gordon (2 August 2013). "Royal baby: Duke and Duchess of Cambridge register birth of Prince George". The Telegraph.
The Duchess is entitled to use the title Princess William of Wales, but has never described herself as such because the couple decided to be known as the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge after the titles were conferred on them by the Queen on their wedding day.
- Rayner, Gordon (2 August 2013). "Duchess Kate: Princess of the United Kingdom (but you can call me mummy)". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 August 2013.
Although she has never used the name, the Duchess is entitled to refer to herself as Princess William of Wales, as well as being Countess of Strathearn and Lady Carrickfergus.
- Duke and Duchess of Cambridge – visit the Emirates Arena "The Duke and Duchess, known as the Earl and Countess of Strathearn when in Scotland..." (Accessed 24 July 2013)
- Prince of Wales – Dumfries House (Section: 5 April Official Opening of the Tamar Manoukian Outdoor Centre) "...Their Royal Highnesses The Prince Charles, Duke of Rothesay and the Earl and Countess of Strathearn..." (Accessed 24 July 2013)
- "Letter of thanks from royal couple". Carrick Times. 16 September 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
The letter from the Duchess' private secretary continued: 'Thank you also so very much for inviting Lord and Lady Carrickfergus to visit your beautiful borough.'
- Royal wedding Kate Middleton will be first middle-class queen-in-waiting The Telegraph, 16 November 2010
- Profile: Kate Middleton The Guardian, 16 November 2010
- The Canadian Press (26 July 2011). "UW award honours Duke and Duchess of Cambridge". CTV. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "University of Waterloo offers Their Royal Highnesses The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge Award". Canada News Wire. 26 July 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Rayner, Gordon (27 September 2013). "Duke and Duchess of Cambridge get a joint coat of arms". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2015. Includes full-color image of the conjugal arms and supporters.
- "The arms of Miss Catherine Middleton". College of Arms. 1 May 2011.
- Brooke-Little, J.P. (1978) . "XII – Marshalling". Boutell's Heraldry. London: Frederick Warne. ISBN 0-7232-2096-4.
- "Coat of Arms of Duchess of Cambridge". dukeandduchessofcambridge.org. 14 November 2012.
- Laycock, Mike. "Duchess of Cambridge's links with stately home near York revealed". The Press (York) - 17 March 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
....he discovered previously unpublished pictures in the depths of the Leeds archives showing the Potternewton Hall Estate where Olive ...(and) her blood cousin Baroness von Schunck...grew up.
- A Photographic Archive of Leeds, Leodis. "Headingley Castle". Leeds Library and Information Service, Leeds City Council. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
The Luptons of Leeds were landed gentry; a political and business dynasty
- Rayner, Gordon (13 September 2013). "'Middle-class' Duchess of Cambridge's relative wore crown and attended George V's coronation". Daily Telegraph. p. 7. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
The (Lupton) relatives who spoke to me said their ancestors were very much landed gentry, and as we now know some of them were titled.
- "The Leeds connection ...". Yorkshire Evening Post. 11 September 2006.
- Wharton, Jane. "Kate Middleton is a Brummie and related to a former Prime Minister". UK Daily Express, Page 3, June 3, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- London, Bianca (3 June 2014). "Historian discovers the Duchess of Cambridge is descended from Birmingham's most notable families". UK Daily Mail, June 4, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
Kate's great great grandfather was Francis Martineau Lupton, a politician himself, and his first cousin was Birmingham Mayor Sir Thomas Martineau, a friend of Queen Victoria. Sir Thomas's nephew was Neville Chamberlain.
- "The Middletons – finding common ground with the royal family". The Guardian. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 6 May 2014.
- Child, Christopher C. (Fall 2011). "A Gratifying Discovery: Connecting Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, to Sir Thomas Conyers, 9th Bt. of Horden, Durham" (PDF). American Ancestors. New England Historic Genealogical Society. pp. 35–36. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Adolph, Anthony. "Princess Catherine". Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- Rayner, Gordon (13 September 2013). "Duchess of Cambridge's relative wore crown and attended coronation of George V". Michael Middleton's descent from Edward III (UK Daily Telegraph). Retrieved 25 January 2014.
Michael Middleton is a direct descendant of Edward III
- Jobson, Robert (2010). William & Kate – The Love Story. London: John Blake Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84454-736-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge|
- The Duchess of Cambridge profile at the Official website of the British Monarchy
- The Duchess of Cambridge profile at the Official website of The Prince of Wales
- The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge News and Diary, Life in Pictures, Focus, The Duke of Cambridge, The Duchess of Cambridge, For Children
- Works by or about Kate Middleton in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Kate Middleton collected news and commentary at The Guardian
- The Ancestry of H.R.H. Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, by Anthony Adolph
- Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge at the Internet Movie Database
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom,|
The Princess Royal
HRH The Duchess of Cambridge