Duke of Nemours

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Duchess of Nemours)
Jump to: navigation, search
Duke of Nemours
First holder Orson
Last holder Charles Philippe d'Orléans

In the 12th and 13th centuries the Lordship of Nemours, in the Gatinais, France, was a possession of the house of Villebéon, a member of which, Gautier, was marshal of France in the middle of the 13th century. The lordship was sold to King Philip III of France in 1274 and 1276 by Jean and Philippe de Nemours, and was then made a county and given to Jean III de Grailly, captal de Buch in 1364.

In 1404, Charles VI of France gave it to Charles III of Navarre, and erected it into a duchy in the peerage of France, in exchange to his ancestral county of Évreux in Normandy.

After being confiscated and restored several times, the duchy reverted to the French crown in 1504, after the extinction of the house of Armagnac-Pardiac. In 1507 it was given by Louis XII of France to his nephew, Gaston de Foix, who was killed at the Battle of Ravenna in 1512. The duchy then returned to the royal domain, and was detached from it successively for Giuliano de Medici and his wife Philiberta of Savoy in 1515, for Louise of Savoy in 1524, and for Philip of Savoy, Count of Genevois, in 1528.

The descendants of Philip of Savoy held the duchy until its sale to Louis XIV of France. In 1672, Louis gave it to his brother Philippe de France, Duke of Orleans, whose descendants held it until the French Revolution. It was one of the many subsidiary titles held by the House of Orléans.

The title of Duke of Nemours was afterwards given to Louis Charles, son of King Louis Philippe of the French.[1]

List of lords[edit]

House of Château-Landon
  • Orson (1120–1148)
  • Aveline (1148–1174), died 1196

Aveline married Walter of Villebéon, lord of Beaumont-du-Gâtinais, in 1150 and shared the lordship with him. They left it to their son in 1174.

House of Villebéon
  • Walter I [Gautier I] (1150–1174), died 1205
  • Philip I [Philippe I] (1174–1191)
  • Walter II [Gautier II] (1191–1222)
  • Philip II [Philippe II] (1222–1255)
  • Walter III [Gautier III] (1255–1270)
  • Philip III [Philippe III] (1270–1274)

The lordship was sold to the king in 1274.

List of dukes[edit]

House of Evreux (1404–1504)[edit]

After the death of Charles III in 1425, the Duchy was claimed both by the descendants of his younger daughter, Beatrice, and his elder daughter and heiress, Blanche I of Navarre. Louis XI settled the claim on Jacques d'Armagnac, grandson of Beatrix, in 1462, though Blanche's descendants, the Kings of Navarre, claimed the title until 1571.

confiscated from Jacques at his execution for treason in 1477, restored to his son Jean in 1484
The last descendant of Béatrix d'Évreux, she died without issue.

House of Foix (1507–1512)[edit]

House of Medici (1515–1524)[edit]

House of Savoy (1524–1672)[edit]

She received the duchy of Nemours in 1524 with the duchy of Anjou. It was later transferred to her half-brother in 1528 and she received the duchy of Touraine in exchange.[2][3] She also received later the Duchy of Auvergne.

House of Orléans (1672–1848)[edit]

Titular Dukes of the House of Orléans[edit]

List of duchesses[edit]

This is a list of the Duchesses of Nemours and their original houses.

House of Évreux[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Escudo Corona de Castilla.png Eleanor of Castile Henry II of Castile
(Trastamara)
circa 1363 1375 27 February 1416 Charles III of Navarre
Blason comte fr Valois.svg Louise d'Anjou Charles, Count of Maine
(Anjou)
1445 1462 1477 Jacques, Duke of Nemours
Blason ville fr Blamont (Doubs).svg Yolande de La Haye (La Haye) unknown 24 April 1492 1500 1517 Jean, Duke of Nemours
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse

House of Medici[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Armoiries Savoie 1630.svg Philiberta of Savoy Philip II, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
1498 25 January 1515 4 April 1524 Giuliano de' Medici
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse

House of Medici[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Armoiries Savoie 1630.svg Philiberta of Savoy Philip II, Duke of Savoy
(Savoy)
1498 25 January 1515 4 April 1524 Giuliano de' Medici
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse

House of Savoy[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Stemma Orléans-Longueville.svg Charlotte d'Orléans Louis, Duke of Longueville
(Orléans)
1 November 1512 8 September 1549 25 November 1533 8 September 1549 Philippe
Anna dEste Versailles.jpg Anna d'Este Ercole II, Duke of Ferrara
(Este)
16 November 1531 29 April 1566 15 June 1585 15 May 1607 Jacques
Armoiries duc d'Aumale.png Anne of Lorraine Charles, Duke of Aumale
(Lorraine)
1600 18 April 1618 10 July 1632 10 February 1638 Henri I
Élisabeth de Bourbon (1614-1664), Dowager Duchess of Nemours.jpg Élisabeth de Bourbon César, Duke of Vendôme
(Bourbon)
August 1614 11 July 1643 30 July 1652 19 May 1664 Charles Amadeus
1705 Portrait of the widowed Marie d'Orléans, Duchess of Nemours by Hyacinthe Rigaud (Lausanne).jpg Marie d'Orléans Henri II, Duke of Longueville
(Orléans)
5 March 1625 22 May 1657 14 January 1659 16 June 1707 Henri II
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse

House of Orléans[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Liselotte von der pfalz.jpg Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine
(Palatinate)
27 May 1652 16 November 1671 1672
peerage awarded to husband
9 June 1701
husband's death
9 December 1722 Philippe, Duke of Orléans
La seconde Mademoiselle de Blois, François de Troy, Château de Versailles..jpg Françoise Marie de Bourbon, Légitimée de France Louis XIV of France
(Bourbon (Illegitimate))
25 May 1677 18 February 1692 9 June 1701
husband's accession
2 December 1723
husband's death
1 February 1749 Philippe, Duke of Orléans
Auguste Marie Johanna, Markgräfin von Baden-Baden.jpg Margravine Johanna of Baden-Baden Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden
(Zähringen)
10 November 1704 13 July 1724 8 July 1726 Louis, Duke of Orléans
Louise Henriette de Bourbon (1726–1759), depicted as the goddess Hebe by Nattier (Metropolitan Museum of Art).jpg Louise Henriette de Bourbon Louis Armand, Prince of Conti
(Bourbon)
20 June 1726 17 December 1743 4 February 1752
husband's accession
9 February 1759 Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans
Portrait of Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon by Vigée Lebrun.jpg Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon Louis Jean Marie, Duke of Penthièvre
(Bourbon)
13 March 1753 8 May 1768 18 November 1785
husband's accession
6 November 1793
husband's execution
23 June 1821 Philippe, Duke of Orléans
Marie-Amélie de Bourbon 1.JPG Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
(Two Sicilies)
26 April 1782 25 November 1809 9 August 1830
became Queen consort
24 March 1866 Louis Philippe I
Victoire, duchess de Nemours.jpg Victoria of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(Wettin)
14 February 1822 27 April 1840 10 December 1857 Prince Louis
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse

References[edit]

  1. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Nemours, Lords and Dukes of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 369–370. 
  2. ^ Pères Anselme & Ange, Histoire de la Maison Royale de France & des grands officiers, 1728, Tome III, p. 229-232 (Duchy of Touraine).
  3. ^ Pères Anselme & Ange, Histoire de la Maison Royale de France & des grands officiers, 1728, Tome III, p. 247 (Duchy of Nemours)