Duchess of York

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Duchess of York
Incumbent
Vacant
Last held by Sarah Ferguson
Style Her Royal Highness
Ma'am
Term length As long as married to the Duke of York
Inaugural holder Infanta Isabella of Castile
Website www.thedukeofyork.org

Duchess of York is the principal courtesy title held by the wife of the Duke of York. The title is gained with marriage alone and is forfeited upon divorce. Three of the eleven Dukes of York either did not marry or had already assumed the throne prior to marriage, whilst two of the dukes married twice, therefore there have been only ten Duchesses of York. It is said that the positions of Duke and Duchess of York are charmed, because the title is created every time, or these women become queen consorts.

Duchesses of York[edit]

The ten Duchesses of York (and the dates the individuals held that title) are as follows:

Person Name Birth Marriage Became Duchess of York Spouse Ceased to be Duchess of York Death
Isabella of Castile-Langley.JPG Isabella of Castile 1355 11 July 1372 6 August 1385 Edmund of Langley 23 December 1392
Joan Holland[a] 1380 4 November 1393 1 August 1402
Husband's death;
became Dowager Duchess of York
12 April 1434
PhilippaMohun Died1431 WestminsterAbbey ByStothard.jpg Philippa de Mohun[b] before 7 October 1398 1 August 1402 Edward of Norwich 25 October 1415
Husband's death;
became Dowager Duchess of York
17 July 1431
Cecily neville.jpg Cecily Neville[c] 3 May 1415 October 1429 (or earlier) Richard Plantagenet 30 December 1460
Husband's death;
became Dowager Duchess of York
31 May 1495
Anne de Mowbray[d] 10 December 1472 15 January 1478 Richard of Shrewsbury 19 November 1481
Anne Hyde by Sir Peter Lely.JPG Anne Hyde[e] 12 March 1637 3 September 1660 James Stuart 31 March 1671
Mary of Modena Pietersz.jpg Mary of Modena[f] 5 October 1658 21 November 1673 6 February 1685
Husband acceded to throne as James II;
became Queen Consort
7 May 1718
Mary of Teck 4.jpg Mary of Teck[g] 26 May 1867 6 July 1893 Prince George 6 May 1910
Husband acceded to throne as George V;
became Queen Consort
24 March 1953
ElizabethBowes-Lyon.jpg Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon[h] 4 August 1900 26 April 1923 Prince Albert 11 December 1936
Husband acceded to throne as George VI;
became Queen Consort
30 March 2002
Sarah Ferguson.jpg Sarah Ferguson[i] 15 October 1959 23 July 1986 Prince Andrew 30 May 1996
Divorced;
assumed the style of Sarah, Duchess of York

In 1791, Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia (1791–1820) married Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany (second son of King George III); she thus became HRH The Duchess of York and Albany. Her husband held one double dukedom (of York and Albany) rather than two. The Duchess received a warm welcome to Great Britain but following a troubled relationship with her husband, the couple separated. The two previous Dukes of York and Albany had never married; since her husband was the last Duke of York and Albany, Frederica was the only Duchess with that double title.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Joan survived her husband and went on to marry three other noblemen: William de Willoughby, 5th Lord Willoughby de Eresby; Henry Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham; and Henry Bromflete, 1st Lord Vessy.
  2. ^ A twice widowed noblewoman, she married Edward of Norwich, 2nd Duke of York, Duke of Albemarle. Her two previous husbands were Walter FitzWalter and Sir John Golafre.
  3. ^ Cecily was briefly the Princess of Wales in 1460. Later she accorded the title Queen of right, after using the title Cecily, the King's Mother.[1] She survived her husband and all four sons, entering into a largely religious life and dying in 1495 after receiving a papal indulgence.
  4. ^ Anne was the child bride of Richard of Shrewsbury, one of the Princes in the Tower. She did not survive her young husband and died at the age of nine.
  5. ^ Anne predeceased her husband James before he became King, having contracted breast cancer. Her Protestant daughters became, successively, Queen Mary II and Queen Anne; since James was also Duke of Albany, Lady Anne was both Duchess of York and Duchess of Albany.
  6. ^ Later Queen Mary, the second wife of James II of England. Although she was a Roman Catholic and bore him a son James Francis Edward Stuart, because of his religion he did not succeed and instead was supplanted jointly by her stepdaughter Mary II and Mary II's husband William III. Mary of Modena's direct descendants were known as the Jacobites and remain so to this day. Mary was also both Duchess of York and Duchess of Albany.
  7. ^ Princess Mary became Duchess of Cornwall and York when her grandmother-in-law Queen Victoria died on 22 January 1901 and her husband became heir apparent. On 9 November of that year she became Princess of Wales when her husband was created Prince of Wales. Princess Mary became Queen Consort on 6 May 1910 when her husband succeeded to the throne as George V.
  8. ^ Known as The Smiling Duchess, she became Queen Consort when her husband succeeded to the throne on 10 December 1936 as George VI following the abdication of his elder brother, Edward VIII.
  9. ^ Sarah was introduced to the second eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Andrew, whom she married on 23 July 1986. Following their high-profile marriage and divorce, she became known as "Sarah, Duchess of York" (the proper address for divorced wives of peers). In addition, she lost the style of Royal Highness as well as all other dignities related to the title of British princess. It is also important to note that since their divorce, it is merely a courtesy style which she holds and that she is no longer the Duchess of York (this title would be accorded to any future wife of Prince Andrew). Therefore, she is also not a peeress nor entitled to the style 'Her Grace'. If Sarah, Duchess of York remarries, any use of the style Duchess of York will be lost permanently.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joanna Laynesmith. The Kings' Mother, History today. 56, no. 3, (2006): 38

Bibliography[edit]