Duchy of Estonia (1561–1721)

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Duchy of Estonia
Hertigdömet Estland
Dominion of Swedish Empire
Flag of Sweden Coat of arms
Baltic provinces of Swedish Empire in the 17th century.
Capital Reval
Languages German, Estonian, Swedish
Religion Lutheranism
Government Dominion
 •  1674–1681 Anders Torstenson
 •  1687–1704 Axel Julius De la Gardie
 •  Established June 4, 1561
 •  Treaty of Nystad September 10, 1721
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Livonian Confederation
Governorate of Estonia
Part of a series on the
History of Estonia
Small coat of arms of Estonia.svg
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia portal
The Swedish Empire

The Duchy of Estonia (Swedish: Hertigdömet Estland, Estonian: Eestimaa hertsogkond, German: Herzogtum Estland), also known as Swedish Estonia,[1] (Swedish: Svenska Estland) was a dominion of the Swedish Empire from 1561 until 1721 during the time that most or all of Estonia was under Swedish rule. The land was eventually ceded to Russia in the Treaty of Nystad, following its capitulation, during the plague, in the Great Northern War.

The dominion arose during the Livonian War, when the northern parts of present-day Estonia (Reval (Tallinn) and the counties of Harjumaa, Western Virumaa, Raplamaa and Järvamaa) submitted to the Swedish king in 1561, and Läänemaa in 1581. It is also colloquially known as the "good old Swedish times"[2] (Estonian: vana hea Rootsi aeg) by Estonians, but this expression was not used before the following Russian rule, in the beginning of which the situation of Estonian peasantry declined rapidly (to gain support of German nobility, Russia gave them more power over peasantry).

Head of Dominion[edit]

Governors (1561–1674)
Governors-General (1674–1728)
Livonian Confederation Terra Mariana Estonian SSR Duchy of Livonia (1721–1917) Duchy of Livonia (1629–1721) Duchy of Livonia (1561–1621) Duchy of Estonia (1721–1917) Duchy of Estonia (1561–1721) Danish Estonia Danish Estonia Estonia Ancient Estonia History of Estonia

See also[edit]



Coordinates: 59°26′N 24°45′E / 59.433°N 24.750°E / 59.433; 24.750