Duchy of Ksani

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Ksani Duke's kastle in Akhalgori.

The Duchy of Ksani (Ksani Saeristavo, Georgian: ქსნის საერისთავო) was an administrative unit in feudal Georgia Originally, to Kksani Saeristavo consisted of the Ksani and two more small valleys. Ksani Saeristavo consisted of two administrative entities: Ksniskhevi, with its centre in Kvenipnevi and Tskhradzmiskhevi with its centre in Largvisi, a home of the Largvisi Monastery. Tskhradzmiskhevi started to become dominant in the 10th century when it included gorges of Lekhura, Medjuda and upper side of the river Liakhvi. Ksani Saeristavo expended towards the south as well. As a result of expanding to the south, the residence was relocated from Largvisi to Kvenipnevi.

According to Vakhushti's references[clarification needed], during the reign of King Tamar, Kartli and Ksani were different Saeristavos. After the Mongol invasion of the second half of the 13th century, the dukes of Ksani were of the Bibiluri family. In the 14th century, Saeristavo included: Tskhradzma, Jamuri, Kharchokhi, Jurta, Kholoti, Isroliskhevi, Abazasdzeta, Truso, Ghuda, Gagasdzeni, Mleta, Arakhveti, Khando, Khanchaeti, Dzagnakora, Dighuami, Gavasi, Atseriskhevi, Bekhushe. In the 15th century, the Saeristavo practically became a Satavado ("manorial").

Dukes of Ksani[edit]

  • Largvel Kvenipneveli
  • Shalva I Kvenipneveli, son of Duke Largvel
  • Virshel Kvenipneveli, son of Duke Shalva I
  • Shalva II Kvenipneveli, Duke 1460—1470
  • Elizbar Kvenipneveli
  • Iese I Kvenipneveli, Duke 1624—1635
  • Iese II Kvenipneveli, Duke 1635—1642
  • Shanshe I Kvenipneveli, Duke 1642—1653
  • Shalva Kvenipneveli, Duke 1653—1661
  • Iese III Kvenipneveli, Duke 1661—1675
  • David Kvenipneveli, Duke 1675—1717
  • Shanshe, Duke of the Ksani, 1717—1753
  • Prince Iulon of Georgia, 1790—1801.


  • (in Georgian) GSE, (1986) volume 10, page 683, Tbilisi.
  • (in Georgian) Gvasalia, J. (1973) Essays on Georgian history. volume 4. Tbilisi