Dudley railway station
An auto-train in 1961
|Original company||Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway|
|Pre-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|Post-grouping||Great Western Railway|
|1 May 1850||Opened|
|6 July 1964||Closed|
|Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom|
Closed railway stations in Britain|
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
|UK Railways portal|
Dudley Railway Station was a passenger railway station located at Dudley, England, built where the Oxford-Worcester-Wolverhampton Line and the South Staffordshire Line diverged to Wolverhampton and Walsall and Lichfield respectively.
The station was built as a collaboration between the Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway (which was soon to fall into the hands of the Great Western Railway, and the London and North Western Railway (which had taken control of the South Staffordshire Railway – the company that had constructed the line from Lichfield, via Walsall, to Dudley). The latter eventually became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. The station was completed in 1860.
A racecourse had been situated just north of the station until the mid-1840s when it was closed to make way for the railway, but its name was revived during the 1980s when Racecourse Colliery, a model colliery, was opened on the site as part of the Black Country Living Museum.
The line had reasonable passenger usage until about the early 1880s, when it began to slump at several stations, leading to the line becoming a largely freight only operation in 1887. It would remain open for goods traffic, which was considerable at this time, as the district had become highly industrialised in the then heyday of the Black Country's industrial past.
As the local industry declined and road transport became more common, the station entered a post-World War 2 decline, although not as heavily as most others on the line.
The station was popular with local people who appreciated its convenient locations and frequent trains, with high numbers of passengers still using the services as recently as the 1950s. The OW&WR line from Stourbridge Junction to Wolverhampton Low Level closed to passengers in 1962, but Dudley remained as a terminus for trains from Walsall on the South Staffordshire Line, Old Hill on the Bumble Hole Line and Birmingham Snow Hill until the Beeching Axe had its effect in 1964 despite of the station's high passenger turnover at the time.
The South Staffordshire Line's uses were complicated, since some trains terminated at Dudley from Lichfield and Walsall, and some continued through to Stourbridge Junction. Similarly, the same applied with the journey in reverse.
Closure and future development
The buildings of Dudley Station remained open for parcels until early 1967, when they were knocked down and replaced by Dudley Freightliner Terminal. It was one of the first of its kind in Britain.
The Freightliner Terminal closed in 1989, and the line passing through Dudley closed to all traffic in 1993. Over the next 23 years, the railway and former station and freightliner terminal sites became increasingly overgrown with vegetation, although this was cleared in early 2017 to make way for the planned re-opening of the line to the Midland Metro and goods trains.
Since 1986, there have been plans to redevelop the station to become part of the local Midland Metro tram network, with the line reopening between Wednesbury, Dudley Port, Dudley, and the Merry Hill Shopping Centre, with trams on one track and freight on the other. After 30 years of delays and difficulties in securing funding, the scheme got the go-ahead from the government in the autumn of 2016, with clearance of vegetation and the remaining track getting underway early in 2017 and full scale work would begin around two years later, with the line being open by 2023.
In December 2014, plans separate from the Midland Metro proposals were unveiled to re-open the stretch of line from Dudley railway station to Dudley Port, providing a light rail link to the West Coast Main Line. If the plans went ahead, it would be the first time Dudley town centre would be served by passenger rail since 1964.
Historic imagery of the site
A picture of the former Dudley Freightliner Terminal signal box's remnants in 2002, more than 10 years after it was closed and destroyed by arsonists.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 83. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
- "Dudley Railway Station, Dudley". Black Country History. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "Racecourse Colliery". Black County Living Museum. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- Whittaker, Nicholas, Platform Souls, Gollancz 1995 / Icon 2015, Chapter Two
- "Midland Metro extension work across the Black Country 'will begin next year'". Express & Star. 3 October 2016. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "New £20m rail link between Sandwell and Dudley". Express & Star. 1 December 2014. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (2007). Stourbridge to Wolverhampton. West Sussex: Middleton Press. figs. 78-90. ISBN 9781906008161. OCLC 261924375.
- Rail Around Birmingham and the West Midlands: Dudley railway station
- Parker, Bev. "A history of Wednesbury". Wolverhampton History & Heritage Website. Archived from the original on 30 September 2012.
|Preceding station||Disused railways||Following station|
|Terminus||Great Western Railway
Later British Rail
Bumble Hole (1878-1964)
|Dudley Port||Great Western Railway
Later British Rail
Birmingham Snow Hill-Wolverhampton Line - Dudley Branch (1852-1964)
|Tipton Five Ways||Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway
Later Great Western Railway, then British Rail
|South Staffordshire Railway
Later LNWR, then LMS, finally BR
South Staffs Line (inc. Dudley-Stourbridge Junction to 1962) (1852-1964)