|Municipality of Dueñas|
Map of Iloilo with Dueñas highlighted
|Region||Western Visayas (Region VI)|
|District||4th district of Iloilo|
|Barangays||47 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Robert Martin U. Pama|
|• Electorate||19,174 voters (2016)|
|• Total||90.52 km2 (34.95 sq mi)|
|• Density||380/km2 (980/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)33|
|Climate type||Tropical climate|
|Income class||4th municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||88.4 million (2016)|
|Native languages||Kinaray-a language|
Dueñas is 44 kilometres (27 mi) from Iloilo City.
Dueñas had its foundation and Christianization in 1590 with the name of Sumandig. In 1599, it was moved to Sibucao. Four years later (1603) she was joined to Dumangas and two years later in 1605 she enjoyed her independence.
In 1608, she was transferred to Laglag, now Barangay Pader, Dueñas, and remained in this place for 59 years or until 1667. It had only five barrios, namely: Sibucao and Sumandig in the lowlands; and Misi, Camantugan and Malonor in the upland.
In 1668, Laglag was joined to Passi, only to be separated a year after (1669). From 1669 to 1844 or for a period of 175 years, Laglag still remained in the said site. (This was for reason that most of the family name of the residents of Dueñas begin with letter “L” ). But later in 1845, Laglag was moved around four kilometers eastward and given a name Dueñas in memory of the birthplace (Dueñas, Palencia, Spain) of Fr. Florencio Martin, who authored the transfer. Saint Jerome, Doctor of the Church, is the Patron Saint of Dueñas.
The word “Dueñas” or “Dueña” is derived from a Latin word domna or domina, which means landlady or madam who has dominion over a certain house or estate.
Dueñas is politically subdivided into 47 barangays.
- Ponong Grande
- Ponong Pequeño
- San Isidro
- Santo Niño
- Poblacion A
- Poblacion B
- Poblacion C
- Poblacion D
|Population census of Dueñas|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, the population of Dueñas, Iloilo, was 34,242 people, with a density of 380 inhabitants per square kilometre or 980 inhabitants per square mile.
As of 2018, there have been around 75 town executives who served Dueñas (from old name - Laglag to present name - Dueñas).
Current elected officials are:
- Mayor: Mamerto L.Pelopero III
- Vice Mayor: Robert Martin U. Pama
- Congressman: Ferjenel D. Biron
- Lumayno, Reneo
- La-ab, Francis L
- Sorongon, Edwin A.
- Pedregosa, Santiago
- Olano, Delbe
- Catalan, Stephen M.
- Lamasan, Rey E.
- Acullador, Jose
September in Dueñas is a special month, the start of the harvest of many agricultural crops. The last day of the month is the feast in honor of the Patron, St. Jerome. The week-long celebration is a way of thanksgiving after having a good harvest and surpassing the trials and cries during lean months.
The Anihan Festival stands for Dueñas being an agricultural area that mainly depends on agriculture as its major source of livelihood; out of the municipality's 9,052 hectares, 86% or approximately 7,800 hectares are devoted to agriculture. Dueñas belongs to the top ten municipalities in terms of agricultural crop production particularly rice in rainfed areas in the Province of Iloilo.
The ANIHAN FESTIVAL in the Municipality of Dueñas started in CY 2003. Its main feature is the Tribe Competition which is characterized by street dancing and an interpretative dance depicting the practice, customs and traditions of the Dueñasanons before or during the harvest season. An expression of thanksgiving for bountiful production of agricultural crops.
Likewise, to add color to the festivity, a parade with float and muses of the contesting tribes, search and coronation of Miss Anihan are also being conducted. This is to project the incomparable beauty, talent and brains of the Dueñasanon.
Other activities include agro-industrial fair, food festival, garden show, and "Laro ng Lahi". This is to showcase the different varieties of ornamental plants, native foods and delicacies, and thriving agricultural crops in the municipality. This occasion also provide the Dueñason leisurely time to play and enjoy various indigenous games of the past, develop camaraderie and sportsmanship among various sectors of the community.
The Anihan Festival is an annual activity spearheaded by the Local Government Unit of Dueñas with the full support of the Anihan Festival Committee.
Dueñas has been known to be the site of the infamous "Teniente Gimo" urban legend story. Teniente is a Spanish word for Lieutenant since according to the story, a guy named Gimo was the Teniente del Barrio, or what is now known as the Barangay Chairman of the place. The story revolves about Gimo's family of aswangs wherein one of her daughters invited two of her female classmates from Iloilo City to their barrio fiesta without any knowledge of them being aswangs. Story says that Gimo and company mistakenly slaughtered his daughter while asleep instead of the targeted guest after that one guest herself overheard them of their plan to manslaughter her and feast for her body. As a result, the girl tricked the aswangs into killing their own kind and escaped, while the fate of the other classmate was unknown.
The story has still been considered unproven and remains arguably the most famous aswang story of all time. Sources state that the whole story and characters were all fictional and is a product of old native literature by the elderly Ilonggo people. The story is often told by adults, both young and old, to scare off disobedient children. It has even been referenced to in popular culture specifically in a few Philippine horror films and is also widespread outside Iloilo and the rest of Panay, with various versions of the tale.
Nazaria Lagos-The Florence Nightingale Of Panay and she was the nurse during the Philippine Revolution and Philippine-American War.
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Iloilo". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Sumandig.http://ilongo.weebly.com/iloilo-history-part-1.html Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Iloilo". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.