March 29, 1873|
|Died: August 9, 1937
|July 27, 1893, for the St. Louis Browns|
|Last MLB appearance|
|August 25, 1905, for the Detroit Tigers|
|Career highlights and awards|
Duff Gordon "Sir Richard" Cooley (March 29, 1873 – August 9, 1937) was a professional baseball player whose career spanned 17 seasons, 13 of which were spent in Major League Baseball (MLB). Cooley, an outfielder and first baseman, had a career batting average of .294 in 1,317 games played. He compiled 849 runs, 1,579 hits, 180 doubles, 102 triples, 26 home runs, and 557 runs batted in (RBI). In Major League history, he is tied in 148th place for most all-time triples and, his 224 career stolen bases, place him equal 279th on the all-time list. Cooley made his Major League debut at the age of 20, and spent the majority of his career there, but he also appeared in minor league baseball. After breaking his leg with the Tigers in 1905, he was replaced with future Hall of Fame outfielder Ty Cobb. Cooley, nicknamed "Sir Richard" due to his aristocratic manner, was listed as standing 5 feet 11 inches (180 cm) and weighing 158 pounds (72 kg).
Cooley was born on March 29, 1873, in Leavenworth, Kansas. He began his Major League career in 1893, playing for Topeka, Kansas, before playing for the St. Louis Browns of the National League (NL). Although the seventh youngest player in the league during his first season, he batted .346, which remained a career-high. Defensively, Cooley was a utility player, starting at multiple positions for the Cardinals. On September 30 of 1873, Cooley recorded six hits against the Boston Beaneaters. He played for St. Louis in 1894, nearly doubling his at bats (206) and games played (54).
Cooley played more regularly in 1895 and averaged 4.2 at bats per game throughout the season. One of the most successful batters on the team, he had the highest batting average at .342 and led the Cardinals in hits, triples, runs scored and total bases. His slugging (.466) and on-base plus slugging (.851) percentages remained the highest of his career. His 20 triples and 264 total bases were both the fifth-highest total in a season for the Cardinals franchise from between the years of 1892 when they entered the NL to 1920, which marked the end of the Dead-ball era. At the end of the year, he had played 133 games, two behind Major League leader and teammate, Joe Quinn. Offensively, Cooley tied for seventh in most hits and finished fourth in triples.
At the beginning of the 1896 season, Cooley continued to play for the Browns. However, after 40 games in which he had a .307 batting average, he was moved to the Philadelphia Phillies in exchange for Joe Sullivan, Tuck Turner, and an unknown sum of money. The Phillies, under manager Billy Nash, finished 62–68, eighth in the NL. Cooley remained with the Phillies in 1897, when he tied with Fred Tenney, George Van Haltren, and Gene DeMontreville for the MLB lead in at-bats. Cooley led his team in runs scored and stolen bases, and finished third, behind Ed Delahanty and Nap Lajoie, in hits. The following two seasons, playing for Philadelphia, he hit .312 in 1898 and .276 in 1899, before he was purchased by the Pittsburgh Pirates for US$1,000 in April 1900.[a] In his only season with the Pirates, Cooley recorded a batting average of .201, the worst of his career. He also compiled 30 runs, 50 hits, and 22 RBI.
After being purchased by the Boston Beaneaters in 1901, Cooley made his minor-league debut for the Syracuse Stars of Syracuse, New York. After recording a team-high in batting average and slugging percentage, Cooley was promoted to the Major League Beaneaters. Next season, under manager Al Buckenberger, Cooley played in 135 games, more than double the previous year for the Beaneaters. He finished the year eighth in the NL in both hits and total bases, and third in doubles.
Cooley remained with the Beaneaters for the following two seasons, hitting .289 in 1903. On June 20, 1904, Cooley hit for the cycle (a single, double, triple, and home run in the same game), becoming the second Beaneater to do so. Cooley finished the 1904 season with six total errors, five in the outfield and one at first base. Cooley's 70 RBIs were eighth most in the NL. After the season, in October 1904, he was selected off the Beaneater's waivers by the Detroit Tigers.
In his final Major League season, Cooley played in 97 games before breaking his leg, which led to Ty Cobb, a future inductee to the National Baseball Hall of Fame taking his place as center fielder for the rest of the season. He was sold to the Beaneaters following the 1905 season, but decided to retire instead.
Following his retirement from baseball, Cooley moved to Dallas and began to work as a salesman. In his final years, he battled alcoholism, which partially contributed to his death from heat stroke in Dallas on August 9, 1937. By then, he and his wife Louise were divorced and he left no children. Cooley was buried in Grove Hill Memorial Park in Dallas.
- List of Major League Baseball hitters with six hits in one game
- Hitting for the cycle
- List of St. Louis Cardinals team records
- Philadelphia Phillies all-time roster (C)
- a Porter, David L. (2000) states Cooley was traded to the Pirates for Tully Sparks and Heinie Reitz in February 1900.
- "Duff Cooley Minor League Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- Porter, David L. (2000). Biographical Dictionary of American Sports: A–F. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 297–298.
- "Duff Cooley Stats". Baseball-Almanac.com. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- "Duff Cooley Minor League Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- "Duff Cooley Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
- "1893 National League Awards, All-Stars and Other Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
- "1894 St. Louis Browns Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
- "1895 St. Louis Browns Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
- "Single seasons, playing for the STL, from 1892 to 1920, sorted by greatest total bases". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "Single seasons, playing for the STL, from 1892 to 1920, sorted by greatest triples". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "1895 Major League Baseball Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
- "Tuck Turner Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
- "1896 Philadelphia Phillies Batting, Pitching, & Fielding". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- "1897 Major League Baseball Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
- "1901 Syracuse Stars". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
- "1902 National League Batting Leaders". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
- "Boston Braves". Baseball-Almanac.com. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
- Holmes, Dan (2004). Ty Cobb: a biography. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 18. ISBN 0-313-32869-2.