McKagan in West Hollywood, California, on March 1, 2012
|Birth name||Michael Andrew McKagan|
|Also known as||Duff "Rose" McKagan|
February 5, 1964 |
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
|Genres||Hard rock, punk rock, hardcore punk, alternative rock, heavy metal, glam metal|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, songwriter, record producer, columnist, investment advisor, author|
|Instruments||Bass guitar, vocals|
|Labels||UZI Suicide, Geffen, RCA, Maverick, Sub Pop, Century Media, Armoury|
|Associated acts||Guns N' Roses, Velvet Revolver, Izzy Stradlin, Loaded, Neurotic Outsiders, 10 Minute Warning, The Fartz, Fastbacks, The Gentlemen, Jane's Addiction, Walking Papers|
|Fender Jazz Bass Special
Fender Precision Bass
Fender Frank Bello Bass
Michael Andrew "Duff" McKagan (born February 5, 1964) is an American musician, singer, songwriter and author. He is best known for his twelve-year tenure as the bass guitarist of the hard rock band Guns N' Roses, with whom he achieved worldwide success in the late 1980s and early 1990s. McKagan rejoined the band in 2016, following their induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Towards the end of his first tenure with Guns N' Roses, McKagan released a solo album, Believe in Me (1993), and formed the short-lived supergroup Neurotic Outsiders. Following his departure from Guns N' Roses in 1997, McKagan briefly reunited with his pre-success Seattle punk band 10 Minute Warning, before forming the still-active hard rock band Loaded, in which he performs lead vocals and rhythm guitar. Between 2002 and 2008, he played bass in the supergroup Velvet Revolver with his former Guns N' Roses bandmates Slash and Matt Sorum. He briefly performed with Jane's Addiction in 2010 and joined the supergroup Hollywood Vampires in 2016.
In addition to his musical career, McKagan has established himself as a writer. He has written weekly columns on a wide variety of topics for SeattleWeekly.com, Playboy.com, and ESPN.com. A former high school drop-out, he attended Seattle University's Albers School of Business and Economics in the early 2000s, and subsequently founded the wealth management firm Meridian Rock. He was a high school honor student, but dropped out early to pursue a career in music.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 2.1 1979–1985: Early years
- 2.2 1985–1997: Guns N' Roses, Believe in Me and Neurotic Outsiders
- 2.3 1997–2002: 10 Minute Warning reunion, Beautiful Disease and Loaded
- 2.4 2002–2010: Velvet Revolver, Loaded reunion, Jane's Addiction
- 2.5 2010-Present: Kings of Chaos, Return to Guns N' Roses
- 2.6 Session work
- 2.7 Other ventures
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Discography
- 5 Notes
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Michael Andrew McKagan grew up in Seattle's largely working-class University District, the youngest of eight children born to Alice and Elmer "Mac" McKagan. He has been called "Duff" since toddlerhood, to which he once referred as "an Irish thing". Following his parents' divorce, his mother supported the family by taking a job as a medical stenographer. He was taught how to play bass by his brother Bruce, further developing his skills by playing along with the albums 1999 by Prince and Damaged by Black Flag. In his autobiography, It's So Easy (And Other Lies), McKagan said he was influenced by bass driven bands such as that of Barry Adamson in Magazine.
Although an honors student, McKagan dropped out of Roosevelt High School in the tenth grade. He then worked as a pastry chef for the Great American Food and Beverage Company while earning his GED. He was later awarded an honorary diploma after speaking at the class of 2012's graduation ceremony.
1979–1985: Early years
In 1979, at the age of 15, McKagan formed the punk band the Vains, in which he played bass; they released the single "School Jerks" in 1980. During this time, he also played guitar in the punk band the Living, which opened shows for Hüsker Dü and D.O.A., which developed a devoted following.
In 1980, McKagan joined the pop-punk band the Fastbacks as their drummer. He appeared on their 1981 debut single "It's Your Birthday", which was issued on guitarist Kurt Bloch's label No Threes Records, and on the song "Someone Else's Room", which was included on the Seattle Syndrome Volume One compilation album, also released in 1981.
In 1982, McKagan became the drummer for the hardcore punk band The Fartz, with whom he recorded several demos, five of which were included on their 1990 album You, We See You Crawling. After several line-up changes, The Fartz evolved into the post-punk band 10 Minute Warning, for which McKagan played guitar.
In 1983, McKagan moved to Los Angeles, California, with one of his brothers where he found work as an appetizer server at a Black Angus restaurant in Northridge. Answering an ad for a bass guitarist in a local newspaper, he met guitarist Slash and drummer Steven Adler, with whom he formed the short-lived band Road Crew. They auditioned a number of singers, including one-time Black Flag vocalist Ron Reyes, and worked on material that included the main riff of what would become the Guns N' Roses song "Rocket Queen". Slash eventually disbanded the group due to them not being able to find a singer, as well as Adler's lack of work ethic compared to himself and McKagan.
1985–1997: Guns N' Roses, Believe in Me and Neurotic Outsiders
In June 1985, McKagan replaced bassist Ole Beich in Guns N' Roses, which was newly founded by singer Axl Rose and guitarist Izzy Stradlin of Hollywood Rose. McKagan's Road Crew bandmates Slash and Steven Adler joined the band that same month. After two days of rehearsal, the line-up played its debut gig at The Troubadour on June 6. In 1987, Guns N' Roses released its debut album, Appetite for Destruction, which to date has sold over 28 million copies worldwide, 18 million of which were in the United States, making it the best-selling debut album of all time in the U.S. The following year, the band released G N' R Lies, which sold over five million copies in the U.S. alone, despite containing only eight tracks, four of which were included on the previously released EP Live ?!*@ Like a Suicide.
In May 1991, Guns N' Roses embarked on the two-and-a-half-year-long Use Your Illusion Tour. The following September, the band released the long-awaited albums Use Your Illusion I and Use Your Illusion II, which debuted at No. 2 and No. 1 respectively on the U.S. chart, a feat unachieved by any other group. In November 1991, Izzy Stradlin abruptly left the band; he was replaced by Gilby Clarke of Kill For Thrills. In 1993, the band released "The Spaghetti Incident?", a cover album of mostly punk songs, which proved less successful than its predecessors. McKagan took on lead vocals on four songs, including live favorite "Attitude", originally by the Misfits. That same year, McKagan released his debut solo album, Believe in Me, on which he sang lead vocals and played virtually every instrument.
In 1995, with Guns N' Roses largely inactive, McKagan formed the supergroup Neurotic Outsiders with Steve Jones of the Sex Pistols, John Taylor of Duran Duran, and his Guns N' Roses bandmate Matt Sorum. Originally a gathering of friends jamming together at the Viper Room in Hollywood, they released their self-titled album on Maverick Records in 1996. The band played a brief tour of Europe and North America, before disbanding in 1997. In August of that year, McKagan left Guns N' Roses as its last original member other than Axl Rose.
1997–2002: 10 Minute Warning reunion, Beautiful Disease and Loaded
Following his departure from Guns N' Roses in 1997, McKagan moved back to Seattle, where he met with many of his old friends, including Pearl Jam's Stone Gossard, who convinced him to reunite 10 Minute Warning. Singer Christopher Blue was brought in to replace Steve Verwolf, who was serving a term in federal prison. In 1998, the band released their self-titled album on Sub Pop. The album featured nine tracks, including two new versions of songs originally recorded by The Fartz, namely "Is This the Way?" and "Buried". 10 Minute Warning played its last show on August 22, 1998 at the Roseland theater in Portland, Oregon.
McKagan's second solo album, Beautiful Disease, was intended to be released in 1999, but became lost in the legal shuffle of the merge between Geffen Records and Interscope Records. McKagan was dropped from Geffen's roster, and subsequently lost all commercial rights to release the record. For the tour supporting his ill-fated solo album, he formed the band Loaded, which consisted of McKagan on bass and vocals, Dez Cadena, formerly of Black Flag, on guitar, Michael Barragan, formerly of Plexi, on guitar, and Taz Bentley, formerly of The Reverend Horton Heat, on drums. Loaded independently released the live record Episode 1999: Live, before disbanding in late 1999.
In 2000, McKagan reformed Loaded, remaining as the lead vocalist but switching from bass to rhythm guitar, and adding drummer Geoff Reading of Green Apple Quick Step, guitarist Mike Squires of Harvey Danger, and bassist Jeff Rouse of Alien Crime Syndicate. Both Squires and Rouse joined after the recording of the band's debut album, Dark Days, released in 2001. Dave Dederer, formerly of The Presidents of the United States of America, took up recording duties for the album.
In 2002, while on tour, both Squires and Rouse left Loaded to join the reformed Alien Crime Syndicate. Former Wasted Youth and Electric Love Hogs guitarist Dave Kushner and former Burning Witch bassist George Stuart Dahlquist were brought in to replace them. McKagan and Kushner went on to form Velvet Revolver, putting Loaded on hiatus.
2002–2010: Velvet Revolver, Loaded reunion, Jane's Addiction
In 2002, McKagan founded the supergroup Velvet Revolver with his former Guns N' Roses bandmates Slash and Matt Sorum, and Loaded guitarist Dave Kushner. Stone Temple Pilots singer Scott Weiland completed the line-up. In 2004, they released their debut album, Contraband, which debuted at No. 1 on the U.S. chart and sold two million copies. Their second album, Libertad, was released in 2007 to mixed reviews; it failed to achieve the same commercial success as its predecessor. The band toured extensively, until Weiland left in April 2008 to reunite with Stone Temple Pilots. Velvet Revolver has been on hiatus since Weiland's departure.
McKagan subsequently reunited Loaded, with Mike Squires and Jeff Rouse returning to the group, and that same year, they released the EP Wasted Heart. In 2009, the band released its second studio album, Sick, and embarked on tours with Mötley Crüe and Black Stone Cherry. Later that year, Geoff Reading departed the band; he was replaced by Isaac Carpenter.
In 2010, McKagan briefly joined Jane's Addiction, with lead guitarist Dave Navarro originally confirming that McKagan had joined the band on a permanent basis. On joining the band, McKagan stated, "Something like a chance to write, record, and perhaps even perform with a band of the quality of Jane's Addiction does not come around every day. I have a lot of respect for this band and the guys in it." He worked on several songs with Jane's Addiction and played four shows with the band—two in Los Angeles, and two in Europe, including one at Rock in Rio in Madrid.
On September 6, six months after McKagan joined the band, Jane's Addiction announced that they had parted ways due to the fact that "musically [they] were all headed in different directions."
2010-Present: Kings of Chaos, Return to Guns N' Roses
On October 14, 2010, McKagan appeared on stage with Guns N' Roses for the first time since 1993 at The O2 Arena in London. He played bass on "You Could Be Mine", electric guitar on "Nice Boys" and "Knockin' on Heaven's Door", and acoustic guitar and tambourine on "Patience". McKagan then returned to Loaded, with whom he recorded a third studio album, The Taking, which was released in 2011. Loaded twice served as opening act for Guns N' Roses in December of that year, with McKagan again briefly joining his old band on stage.
In 2012, Duff went on tour with the Rock N Roll All Stars, a band that consisted of many of rock's most recognized performers. The band downsized and became the Kings Of Chaos in 2013. The primary members with Duff are Joe Elliott of Def Leppard and Joe Elliott's Down N' Outz, Matt Sorum of Guns N' Roses and Velvet Revolver, Gilby Clarke of Guns N' Roses and Steve Stevens of Billy Idol's band. Others who round out the group are: Glenn Hughes of Deep Purple fame and Sebastian Bach, formerly of Skid Row. The band released the cover song "Never Before" by Deep Purple.
In 2014, McKagan again briefly reunited with Guns N' Roses. He played five full shows in South America, filling in for Tommy Stinson. McKagan subsequently played with Guns N' Roses at the Revolver Golden Gods Awards show in Los Angeles. During Guns N' Roses' spring 2014 residency at The Joint in Las Vegas, McKagan played another full concert with the band.
In 2016, McKagan was announced (alongside Slash), as having returned to Guns N' Roses to headline Coachella. After playing a secret warmup gig at the Troubadour in Los Angeles on April 1, 2016, The band embarked on the Not in This Lifetime... Tour.
In 1990, McKagan—along with his Guns N' Roses bandmate Slash—co-wrote and played several songs on Iggy Pop's Brick by Brick. In 1995, he collaborated with Slash on his solo project Slash's Snakepit; he co-wrote "Beggars and Hangers-On" off their album It's Five O'Clock Somewhere, which he played live during a Snakepit show in May of that year. In 1998, McKagan collaborated with his former Guns N' Roses bandmate Izzy Stradlin on his solo album 117°. The following year, he played on Stradlin's album Ride On, and joined him on a tour of Japan supporting the album. Also in 1999, he contributed to the album Humanary Stew: A Tribute to Alice Cooper, an Alice Cooper tribute album. In 2001, McKagan played on the album Skyjin by Zilch, Mark Lanegan's solo album Field Songs, and Izzy Stradlin's album River. The following year, he played on Stradlin's album On Down the Road. In 2004, he again collaborated with Mark Lanegan on his album Bubblegum, along with Stradlin.
McKagan played on three tracks off Izzy Stradlin's 2008 album Concrete, including the title track, as well as seven songs off his album Wave of Heat, which was released in 2010. Also in 2010, McKagan appeared on Slash's eponymous debut solo album; he played on the track "Watch This" with Dave Grohl on drums. That year, he also made a guest appearance—along with Slash and Matt Sorum—on Macy Gray's album The Sellout, and appeared on the Manic Street Preachers song "A Billion Balconies Facing the Sun" off their album Postcards From a Young Man.
McKagan has two minor acting credits; in 1988, he appeared with his Guns N' Roses bandmates in the Dirty Harry film The Dead Pool, and in 1997, he played a rocker vampire in an episode of the television series Sliders. In 1999, he appeared in Anthony Scarpa's documentary film Betty Blowtorch and Her Amazing True Life Adventures, which focuses on the all-female hard rock band Betty Blowtorch, whose debut EP Get Off McKagan produced the same year.
In addition to his musical career, McKagan has established himself as a writer. Since August 2008, he has written a weekly column for SeattleWeekly.com, from January to December 2009, he wrote a weekly financial column titled "Duffonomics" for Playboy.com, and since January 2011, he has written a weekly sports column for ESPN.com. McKagan's autobiography, It's So Easy (And Other Lies), was released on October 4, 2011. His second book, How to Be a Man: (and other illusions) was released on May 12, 2015.
McKagan has been involved in "The Heroes Project", founded by his friend Tim Medvetz, which is dedicated to helping soldiers and their families. As part of the project he took part in a climb up Mount Rainier in 2012, accompanying a former soldier with a prosthetic limb. During this climb McKagan suffered a potentially fatal cerebral edema.
It was announced in 2012 that Rainstorm Entertainment will produce a ‘biographical documentary’ based on It's So Easy (And Other Lies). McKagan is listed as a producer and writer. The film, titled It's So Easy (And Other Lies) after the book, was released in May 2016.
Following an appearance with the Hollywood Vampires at the 2016 Grammy Awards ceremony in tribute to Lemmy Kilmister, McKagan was considered a member of the supergroup, although his time in the band was short-lived as he returned to Guns N' Roses two months later.
On May 28, 1988, McKagan married his first wife, Mandy Brix, singer of punk rock band the Lame Flames; the couple divorced on April 1, 1990. He remarried in September 1992 to Linda Johnson, but this marriage too ended in divorce in September 1995. McKagan married Susan Holmes, a model and swimsuit designer, on August 28, 1999. They have two daughters together; Grace Elizabeth (b. August 27, 1997) and Mae Marie McKagan (b. July 16, 2000). McKagan and his family reside in Seattle. He was one of the last people confirmed to have seen Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain before he died on April 5, 1994. He sat next to Cobain on a flight from Los Angeles to Seattle on April 1.
McKagan later recalled, "I didn't have any foresight that the guy was going to do what he did. I could tell he was bummed out, and I'd been that way before... I thought I'd ask him to come stay at my house; I turned around and he was gone."
On May 10, 1994, at the age of 30, McKagan became gravely ill due to acute alcohol-induced pancreatitis, which caused his pancreas to swell to the size of a football and leak digestive enzymes into his body, causing third-degree burns. He was taken to Northwest Hospital and Medical Center in Seattle, where he was monitored until the swelling went down. He was told by his doctors that he would be dead within a month if he did not stop drinking. He had made previous efforts to curb his drinking, but this health crisis was his incentive to become sober for good. In his autobiography, he attributed his sobriety to exercise through first mountain biking, and later martial arts.
McKagan claimed in his autobiography that the fictional product Duff Beer on The Simpsons was named after him, and has received no royalties, but Simpsons creator Matt Groening called the claim "absurd".
A high school drop-out, McKagan enrolled in a basic finance course at Santa Monica Community College in 1994; he explained that going over the financial records from his Guns N' Roses days had made him want to understand the process more, stating, "I couldn't make sense of it. I didn't know how much we had made or lost on the tour. As a 30 year-old millionaire, how do I admit to somebody that I don't know what the fuck I'm doing?"
In 2000, after attending several more classes at Seattle Central Community College, he enrolled full-time at Seattle University's Albers School of Business and Economics. When Velvet Revolver took off in his final year as an undergraduate student, McKagan took a hiatus from business school to go on tour; he is still one quarter short of graduating.
- Studio albums
- With Duff McKagan's Loaded
- Canter 2007, p. unknown
- "Guns N' Roses Biography". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. 2012. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
- Staff (2016-02-18). "Alice Cooper Is Working on a New Solo Album and a Hollywood Vampires Follow-Up". Ultimateclassicrock.com. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
- McKagan, Duff. "Seattle Weekly: Duff McKagan on Reverb". SeattleWeekly.com. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- McKagan, Duff. "Duffonomics". Playboy.com. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- McKagan, Duff. "Duff McKagan Stories". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- Kimes, Mina (2011-03-04). "From Guns N' Roses bassist to money manager". Fortune. Time Inc. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- McDonald, Patrick (November 1991). "The Adventures of Duff and His Guns". Circus. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- Davis 2008, pp. 46–47
- Jessica Derschowitz (June 25, 2012). "Duff McKagan receives GED". CBS News.
- "Albums by Vains". RateYourMusic.com. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- "Fastbacks profile". RockDetector.com. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- "The Fartz - You, We See You Crawling". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- Slash & Bozza 2007, p. 85
- McKagan, Duff (2009-09-18). "My Story: Getting to LA, Getting Guns, and Getting Gigs". Seattle Weekly. Retrieved 2011-05-19.
- Slash & Bozza 2007, p. 87
- Slash & Bozza 2007, p. 98
- Torreano, Bradley. "Duff McKagan biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2011-05-19.
- Berelian 2005, p. 143
- Slash & Bozza 2007, p. unknown
- "Guns N' Roses To Release New Album - Axl Rose Is The Only Original Remaining Member". Sky News. 2008-10-23. Archived from the original on 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- "Top 100 Albums". RIAA. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- "RIAA's Gold & Platinum Program". RIAA. Retrieved 2011-06-05.
- Spitz, Marc (July 1999). "Just a Little Patience". Spin. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
- Sugerman, Danny (1991). Appetite for Destruction: The Days of Guns N' Roses. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-07634-7.
- "The History of GN'R". Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- "Greg Gilmore: One Arm Waving". Gilmore.Freeshell.org. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- Strauss, Neil (1998-12-21). "A Major Merger Shakes Up the World of Rock". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- Harris, Will (2009-05-14). "A chat with Duff McKagan". Bullz-Eye.com. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- Slash & Bozza 2007, p. 407
- Stingley, Mick (2004-07-14). "Exclusive! Interview With Velvet Revolver Guitarist Dave Kushner". KNAC.com. Archived from the original on 2011-06-14. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- "It's Official: Velvet Revolver Parts Ways With Singer Scott Weiland". Blabbermouth.net. 2008-04-01. Retrieved 2008-04-01.
- "Duff McKagan's Loaded: 'Sick' First-Week Sales Revealed". Blabbermouth.net. 2009-04-17. Retrieved 2011-05-03.
- "Motley Crue Gets Loaded with Duff McKagan". SleazeRoxx.com. 2009-07-16. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
- "Black Stone Cherry Announces European Tour Dates with Duff McKagan's Loaded". MetalUnderground.com. 2009-08-13. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- "Duff McKagan's Loaded Drummer Quits; Replacement Announced". Blabbermouth.net. 2009-09-12. Retrieved 2009-09-12.
- "Dave Navarro Confirms Duff McKagan Has Joined Jane's Addiction". Blabbermouth.net. 2010-04-01. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
- Kornelis, Chris (2010-04-07). "Duff McKagan Addresses the Jane's Addiction Rumors, the Velvet Revolver Talk, and Those Missed Deadlines". Seattle Weekly. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
- "Jane's Addiction Debuts New Song At Cinco De Mayo Concert; Video Available". Blabbermouth.net. 2010-05-06. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
- "New Jane's Addiction Lineup Announces First Dates". Blabbermouth.net. 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
- Goodman, Dean (2010-09-06). "Ex-Guns N' Roses bassist leaves Jane's Addiction". Reuters. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
- "Duff McKagan Joins Guns N' Roses On Stage In London!". Blabbermouth.net. 2010-10-14. Archived from the original on 2011-03-12. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- "Duff McKagan Joins Guns N' Roses on Stage in Seattle". 2011-12-17. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- "Cleveland's Rock Hall welcomes new class". CBS News. 2012-04-14. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- "Duff McKagan Reuniting With Guns N' Roses to 'Help Axl Out', Says Tommy Stinson". Billboard.
- "Duff McKagan Performs With Guns N' Roses In Las Vegas". Ultimate Classic Rock.
- "Guns N' Roses confirm return of Slash and Duff McKagan for Coachella reunion". Nme.com. 2016-01-06. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
- "Guns N' Roses Performs At The Troubadour: Video Footage And Photos - Blabbermouth.net". BLABBERMOUTH.NET. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- "Guns N' Roses Confirm North American Tour". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
- "Izzy Stradlin On Tour 1992–2007". IzzyOnTour.com. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- "Former Guns N' Roses Members Featured On New Macy Gray Album". Blabbermouth.net. 2010-05-21. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
- Nissim, Mayer (2010-06-05). "Ex-GN'R bassist features on new Manics LP". Digital Spy. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
- "Duff McKagan IMDb Profile". IMDb. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
- Titus, Christa. "Duff McKagan on Substance Abuse, Fatherhood and the Possibility of a Guns N' Roses Reunion". Billboard.com. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- "Coming Down the Mountain". Seattle Weekly. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- "Duff McKagan Risks Cerebral Edema Climbing Mt. Ranier". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- "Duff McKagan's Climbing Close Call". Planet Rock. Retrieved 2012-09-07.
- "It’s So Easy". Rainstorm Entertainment. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- "Duff Mckagan Documentary 'It's So Easy And Other Lies' Begins Theatrical Run". Blabbermouth.net. 2016-05-26. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- "It's So Easy to be turned into a documentary". Blabbermouth. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- "Duff McKagan Wonders 'What If' He Could Have Saved Kurt Cobain". MetalUnderground.com. 2005-04-19. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- Hibbard, Jamie (2005-04-16). "My Life Story". Metal Hammer. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
- "Tweet by Simpsons music editor Chris Ledesma". Twitter. 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- Berelian, Essi (2005). The Rough Guide to Heavy Metal. Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1-84353-415-0.
- Canter, Marc (2007). Reckless Road: Guns N' Roses and the Making of Appetite for Destruction. Shoot Hip Press. ISBN 978-0-9793418-7-8.
- Davis, Stephen (2008). Watch You Bleed: The Saga of Guns N' Roses. Gotham Books. ISBN 978-1-59240-377-6.
- Slash; Bozza, Anthony (2007). Slash. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-725775-1.