Dufuna canoe

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Dufuna Canoe is a canoe discovered in 1987 by a Fulani cattle herdsman a few kilometers from the village of Dufuna in the Fune Local Government Area, not far from the Komadugu Gana River, in Yobe State, Nigeria.[1][2] Radiocarbon dating of a sample of charcoal found near the site dates the canoe at 8500 to 8000 years old, linking the site to Lake Mega Chad.[3]

It is the oldest boat to be discovered in Africa, and the second oldest known worldwide.[4] The canoe is currently in Damaturu, the state capital.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Garba, Abubakar (1996). "The architecture and chemistry of a dug-out: the Dufuna Canoe in ethno-archaeological perspective". Berichte des Sonderforschungsbereichs. 268 (8): 193–200.
  2. ^ (16 September 2002). Dufuna Canoe: A Bridge Across 8,000 Years, Daily Trust (All Africa Global Media via COMTEX)
  3. ^ Gumnior, Maren; Thiemeyer, Heinrich (2003). "Holocene fluvial dynamics in the NE Nigerian Savanna". Quaternary International. 111: 54. doi:10.1016/s1040-6182(03)00014-4.
  4. ^ a b Trillo, Richard (2008) "The Rough Guide to West Africa" Penguin. Section: Nigeria Part 3:14.5 the north and northeast Maiduguri (pages unnumbered).