Dugald Stewart Monument

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Dugald Stewart Monument
Dugald Stewart Monument - 05.jpg
Coordinates 55°57′19″N 3°10′56″W / 55.95528°N 3.18222°W / 55.95528; -3.18222
Location Calton Hill, Edinburgh, Scotland
Designer William Henry Playfair
Material stone
Completion date August 1831
Dedicated to Dugald Stewart

The Dugald Stewart Monument is a memorial to the Scottish philosopher Dugald Stewart (1753–1828). It is situated on Calton Hill overlooking the city of Edinburgh and was designed by Scottish architect William Henry Playfair. It was completed in September 1831.[1][2]

Background[edit]

Playfair's design is based on the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates in Athens, Greece, and is a circular temple of eight fluted Corinthian columns around an elevated urn, on a circular podium. This example of the architecture of ancient Greece had been brought to wider attention by James "Athenian" Stuart and Nicholas Revett's illustrated survey, The Antiquities of Athens, published in 1762. The monument is a category A listed building as of 19 April 1966. The choragic form was also used for the nearby contemporaneous Robert Burns Monument, designed by Thomas Hamilton.[1][2]

Dugald Stewart was a professor at the University of Edinburgh, holding the chair of moral philosophy from 1786 until his death. The Royal Society of Edinburgh commissioned the monument and selected its site in 1830.[3]

Playfair also designed the nearby National Monument of Scotland (with Charles Robert Cockerell) and was also responsible for the thoroughfare that encircles Calton Hill on three sides, comprising Royal Terrace, Carlton Terrace and Regent Terrace

180° panorama of the Edinburgh skyline at dusk in early October from Calton Hill, Dugald Stewart Monument

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "CALTON HILL, OFF REGENT ROAD, DUGALD STEWART'S MONUMENT". portal.historicenvironment.scot. Retrieved 2017-12-27. 
  2. ^ a b "Edinburgh, Calton Hill, Dugald Stewart's Monument". CANMORE. Retrieved 2017-12-27. 
  3. ^ "Edinburgh, Calton Hill, Dugald Stewart's Monument". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-27. 

Coordinates: 55°57′19″N 3°10′56″W / 55.95528°N 3.18222°W / 55.95528; -3.18222