Duisburg Hauptbahnhof

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Duisburg Hauptbahnhof
Deutsche Bahn Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn
Through station
Duisburg Hauptbahnhof Panorama.jpg
Station building and forecourt
LocationDuisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia
Germany
Coordinates51°25′48″N 6°46′34″E / 51.43000°N 6.77611°E / 51.43000; 6.77611Coordinates: 51°25′48″N 6°46′34″E / 51.43000°N 6.77611°E / 51.43000; 6.77611
Owned byDeutsche Bahn
Operated byDB Station&Service
Line(s)
Platforms12
Construction
ArchitectEduard Lyonel Wehner
Architectural styleFunctionalism
Other information
Station code1374
DS100 codeEDG[1]
IBNR8000086
Category1[2]
Fare zoneVRR: 330[3]
Websitewww.bahnhof.de
History
Opened1846 CME station
1862 BME station
1870 RhE station
1886 PSE station
1934 DRG station
Traffic
Passengersca. 110,000 daily
Services
Preceding station   Thalys   Following station
toward Paris-Nord
Thalys
toward Dortmund Hbf
Preceding station   DB Fernverkehr   Following station
towards Düsseldorf or Cologne
ICE 10
via Düsseldorf/Wuppertal - Hamm (Westf) - Hannover
towards Munich
ICE 41
towards Dortmund
ICE 42
towards Munich
towards Basel SBB
ICE 43
towards Stuttgart
ICE 47
towards Dortmund
towards Wiesbaden
ICE 50
towards Dresden
towards Frankfurt
ICE 78
towards Vienna
ICE 91
towards Dortmund
towards Mannheim
IC/EC 30
towards Stuttgart
IC/EC 32
towards Berlin
towards Cologne
IC/EC 35
towards Emden
towards Cologne
IC 55
towards Cologne
Preceding station   FlixTrain   Following station
towards Cologne
FLX 20
via Münster
towards Hamburg
towards Aachen
FLX 30
via Hannover - Berlin
towards Leipzig
Preceding station   DB Regio NRW   Following station
toward Aachen Hbf
RE 1
NRW-Express
toward Hamm Hbf
RE 2
Rhein-Haard-Express
toward Münster Hbf
toward Wesel
RE 5
Rhein-Express
toward Koblenz Hbf
RE 6
Rhein-Weser-Express
toward Minden Hbf
RE 11
Rhein-Hellweg-Express
RE 42
Niers-Haard-Express
toward Münster Hbf
toward Aachen Hbf
RB 33
Rhein-Niers-Bahn
Terminus
TerminusRB 37
Der Wedauer
Preceding station   Hamburg-Köln-Express   Following station
Hamburg-Köln-Express
towards Köln Hbf
Preceding station   Eurobahn   Following station
RE 3
Rhein-Emscher-Express
toward Hamm Hbf
Preceding station   Abellio Deutschland   Following station
RE 19
Rhein-IJssel-Express
RB 35
Emscher-Niederrhein-Bahn
toward Wesel
Preceding station   NordWestBahn   Following station
toward Xanten
RB 31
Der Niederrheiner
Terminus
Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn   Following station
toward Solingen Hbf
S 1
toward Dortmund Hbf
TerminusS 2
toward Dortmund Hbf
Location
Duisburg is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Duisburg
Duisburg
Location within North Rhine-Westphalia
Duisburg is located in Germany
Duisburg
Duisburg
Location within Germany
Duisburg is located in Europe
Duisburg
Duisburg
Location within Europe

Duisburg Hauptbahnhof is a railway station in the city of Duisburg in western Germany. It is situated at the meeting point of many important national and international railway lines in the Northwestern Ruhr valley.

Lines[edit]

The station is situated at the northern end of the relatively straight Duisburg to Düsseldorf railway line which has to cope with one of the highest daily loads in continental Europe.[citation needed] This line is slated to be widened to six tracks in the near future.[citation needed] Currently it has four—and in some places five—tracks. Parallel to it to the east is the local line to Duisburg-Wedau, remnant of a relief line to Düsseldorf which only sees a local shuttle service today but is heavily used by freight trains (which usually do not run through the station but bypass it on a freight-only line two miles to the east). The third line from the south is the railway line to Krefeld and Mönchengladbach. This crosses the River Rhine and then splits into the main line and a branch to Moers and Xanten at Rheinhausen. North of the station, seven tracks run to the River Ruhr crossing (which is a sight on the Route der Industriekultur (Route of industrial heritage) due to a maze of girder bridges) where a three track line split for Oberhausen and on to Antwerp and the other line runs to Dortmund via Gelsenkirchen. The four-tracked main line turns east and runs via Essen and Bochum to Dortmund.

Operational usage[edit]

Duisburg Hauptbahnhof, 2004.
Inside the station

Railway[edit]

The station is an important hub for InterCityExpress, InterCity and EuroCity trains from and to the Netherlands, Berlin, Switzerland, Munich, Frankfurt and Cologne. It also is an important connection point for RegionalExpress and RegionalBahn lines and has two S-Bahn lines of the Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn calling at the station. A nearby Stadtbahn station offers local connections as well as trams to Mülheim an der Ruhr and Düsseldorf.

Local travel[edit]

Underground station of Duisburg Stadtbahn (part of VRR) in 2009

Trams and buses call at the northern concourse (not connected to the main hall). There is another bus station at the eastern end of the main concourse, but not all lines serving the station call there. Taxis are available at both ends of the main concourse. The station is directly connected to the motorway A59 whichs runs under the plaza in front of the main entrance. Long-distance coaches depart from a small bus station at the city end of the station (behind the taxi ranks, to the left).

Architecture[edit]

The current station building dates from the 1930s and was modelled after the station in Königsberg. After WW2 it was extensively rebuilt and many features (such as murals in the main concourse) were lost. Its 6 platforms are covered by a train shed at their southern ends and modern canopies to the north where there is a second concourse housing the bus and tram stops.

The station today has a rather drab feeling with the train shed in need of repair as there are quite a number of holes in the roof.

Amenities[edit]

As is usual with station of its size, Duisburg Hbf has a number of shops on its concourse and in the main hall. These include a book shop, a barber shop, several telecommunication accessories dealers, 2 bars, a small gambling arcade and several bakers and fast food stalls. The booking hall is located in the main hall (city exit), and lockers are provided at the beginning of the concourse to the right, next to the toilets. In the station building outside the concourse there is a hotel and local newspaper offices, and there used to be a fairly large night club which closed in early 2006 and has remained empty since.

History[edit]

The former station complex in 1910.
The northern area around Duisburg station at Königstraße, 1911.

Former private railways[edit]

Duisburg station was opened in Duisburg on 9 February 1846 by the Cologne-Minden Railway Company (Cöln-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, CME) along with the second section of its trunk line from Cologne-Deutz to Minden. On 15 May 1847 the line was extended to Hamm and Duisburg station became a through station on the line from Düsseldorf to Oberhausen.

Fifteen years later, in 1862, the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company (Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, BME), opened its east-west route through the Ruhr region from Dortmund and Witten to Duisburg. Its station was built close to the existing station, but it was a terminal station that was approached only from the northeast, not a through station.

Finally, on 15 February 1870, a three kilometre long branch line was opened by the Rhenish Railway Company (Rheinische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, RHE) from the Rheinhausen–Hochfeld train ferry to Duisburg, which became the starting point of its new route to Quakenbrück, completed in 1879. It built a through station next to other stations in Duisburg.

Prussian state railways[edit]

The station buildings of the three railway companies survived until after their nationalisation when they became part of the Prussian state railways. In the 1880s the three stations were demolished and a joint station building was built on an island between the platforms of the various lines.

The entrance to this building was to the north on Mülheimer Straße, which the lines crossed at that time over level crossings. It was not until the late 19th and early 20th centuries that all tracks had been raised above street level.

Deutsche Reichsbahn[edit]

Historical sight of the east side
"Floating" platform canopies

At the beginning of the 1930s, the station, which had been taken over Deutsche Reichsbahn in 1920 when it absorbed the Prussian State Railway, was extended and rebuilt to its present size. The buildings have since been replaced.

The still-existing entrance building of the station at Portsmouthplatz was built from 1931 to 1934 under the direction of the government architect Johannes Ziertmann (an architect at the railway division of Essen) and was considered one of the most modern station buildings of its time. It is comparable with the entrance buildings in Düsseldorf and Oberhausen, built in the same period. The two sculptures at the front of a steel frame structure built for the ticket hall are by the Essen sculptor Joseph Enseling. The platform canopies were built with Vierendeel trusses and are structurally similar to the canopies at Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof, which were scrapped in the 1980s, and follow the conceptually similar canopies of Darmstadt Hauptbahnhof built before the First World War. The Duisburg platform canopies were the first all-welded steel construction of this size.

During the Second World War the station was heavily damaged in a heavy bombing attack on Duisburg by allied forces.

Deutsche Bundesbahn[edit]

The station has been rebuilt several times since the war. In 1992, as part of the inauguration of the Duisburg Stadtbahn (light rail), the new northern connecting hall (Verknüpfungshalle) was opened, all six platforms were lengthened to several hundred metres over the former road underpass connecting Mühlheimerstraße and Königstraße and provided with simple platform roofs, which are easily distinguished from the old station hall.

Deutsche Bahn[edit]

Lobby shortly before the completion of the renovation

On 12 December 2008 Deutsche Bahn and the state of North Rhine-Westphalia announced that much-needed renovation work would begin in mid of 2009. The total cost was estimated at €60 million. The first phase includes the renovation of the lobby and the underpass. Among other things, the false ceilings would be removed and the building returned to its original state. Renovation work on the monumental facade is planned. The cost for the first phase is estimated at €10.1 million.[4]

On 24 July 2009, the first phase of renovation work began and the major renovations in the entrance hall were completed on 22 December 2009. From January 2010 work started on the renovation of the pedestrian tunnel. In a second, much more expensive construction phase, the railway platforms, railway tracks and the dilapidated roof will be rehabilitated in 2011.[5]

Train services[edit]

The station is served by the following services:[6]

Long distance[edit]

Line Route Frequency
ICE 10 Berlin-Gesundbrunnen – Berlin – (Wolfsburg –) Hannover – Bielefeld – Hamm – Dortmund – Bochum – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf Airport – Düsseldorf (– Cologne – Aachen) Every 2 hours
ICE 30 Hamburg-Altona – Hamburg – Bremen – Osnabrück - Münster – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne One train
IC/EC 30 Hamburg-Altona – Hamburg - Bremen - Osnabrück – Münster - Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim, continuing via Heidelberg – Vaihingen – Stuttgart, individual trains from Mannheim continue via Karlsruhe – Interlaken Ost Every 2 hours
IC 32 Berlin Südkreuz Berlin – Wolfsburg – Hannover – Minden – Bielefeld – Hamm – Dortmund – Bochum or Münster – Recklinghausen – Gelsenkirchen, continuing via Essen – Mülheim – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Remagen – Andernach – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart – Tübingen or Ulm – Friedrichshafen Stadt Lindau – Innsbruck Individual services
IC 35 Norddeich Mole Emden – Rheine – Münster – Recklinghausen – Wanne-Eickel – Gelsenkirchen – Oberhausen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf Airport – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Remagen – Andernach – Koblenz (– Mainz – Mannheim – Stuttgart) Every 2 hours
ICE 41 (Dortmund –) Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Köln Messe/Deutz – Frankfurt Airport Frankfurt – Aschaffenburg – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Munich
(one train pair: Düsseldorf – Duisburg – Essen – Dortmund – Hamm – Paderborn – Warburg – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe Fulda – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Ingolstadt – Munich)
Hourly
ICE 42 Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Siegburg/Bonn – Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim – Stuttgart – Ulm – Augsburg – Munich Every 2 hours
ICE 47 Münster/Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Köln Messe/Deutz – Cologne/Bonn Airport – Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim – Stuttgart Every 2 hours
ICE 50/IC 50 (ICE: Dresden –) Leipzig – Weimar – Erfurt – Bebra – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Warburg – Paderborn – Hamm – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf Airport – Düsseldorf Individual services
IC 55 Leipzig – Halle – Magdeburg – Hannover – Bielefeld – Hamm – Dortmund – Essen – Mülheim – Duisburg – Düsseldorf (– Cologne – Bonn – Remagen – Andernach – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart) Individual services
ICE 78 Amsterdam – Oberhausen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt/(– Mannheim – Karlsruhe – OffenburgFreiburgBasel BadBasel) Every 2 hours
THA 80 Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – (Düsseldorf Airport –) Düsseldorf – Cologne – Aachen – Liège-Guillemins – Brussels – Paris-Nord 5 train pairs
ICE 91 Dortmund – Bochum – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt – Hanau – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Regensburg – Plattling – Passau – Linz – Vienna Individual services
FLX 20 Hamburg Hbf – Hamburg-Harburg – Osnabrück – Münster – Gelsenkirchen – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne 1-3 train pairs
FLX 30 Leipzig – Lutherstadt Wittenberg – Berlin Südkreuz – Berlin Hbf – Berlin-Spandau – Hannover – Bielefeld – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Aachen 1-2 train pairs

Regional[edit]

  • Regional services RE 1 NRW-Express Aachen - Cologne - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm
  • Regional services RE 2 Rhein-Haard-Express Münster - Dülmen - Recklinghausen - Essen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
  • Regional services RE 3 Rhein-Emscher-Express Hamm - Dortmund - Gelsenkirchen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
  • Regional services RE 5 Rhein-Express Wesel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Bonn - Koblenz
  • Regional services RE 6 Rhein-Weser-Express Minden - Bielefeld - Hamm - Dortmund - Essen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Neuss - Cologne - Cologne/Bonn Airport
  • Regional services RE 11 Rhein-Hellweg-Express Kassel - Paderborn - Hamm - Dortmund - Essen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
  • Regional services RE 19 Rhein-IJssel-Express Arnhem - Emmerich - Wesel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
  • Regional services RE 42 Niers-Haard-Express Münster - Dülmen - Recklinghausen - Essen - Duisburg - Krefeld - Mönchengladbach
  • Local services RB 31 Niederrheinstrecke Xanten - Moers - Duisburg
  • Local services RB 33 Rhein-Niers-Bahn Duisburg - Krefeld - Mönchengladbach - Aachen
  • Local services RB 35 Emscher-Niederrhein-Bahn Wesel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Krefeld - Mönchengladbach
  • Local services RB 37 Der Wedauer Duisburg - Duisburg-Entenfang
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 1 Solingen - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 2 Duisburg - Oberhausen - Essen - Gelsenkirchen - Dortmund
Düsseldorf Airport rail services
Duisburg Hbf
Düsseldorf Airport
SkyTrain Parkhaus 4
SkyTrain Terminal A/B
SkyTrain Terminal C
Düsseldorf Airport Terminal C
Düsseldorf Hbf

Stadtbahn services[edit]

Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn   Following station
U79
901
903

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
  2. ^ "Stationspreisliste 2020" [Station price list 2020] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 4 November 2019. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Wabenplan für das Rheinbahn-Bedienungsgebiet" (PDF). Rheinbahn. 1 August 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Bahn frei für den Umbau" (in German). Der Westen. 12 December 2008. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  5. ^ "Hauptbahnhof erstrahlt in neuem Glanze" (in German). Der Westen. 21 December 2009. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  6. ^ Timetables for Duisburg Hbf station

External links[edit]