|Nickname(s): Perla de Boyaca (The Pearl of Boyaca)|
Location of the town and municipality of Duitama in Boyacá Department.
|Founded||1556 - 1775 (Doctrinal Center)|
|Established||July 27, 1819|
|• Mayor||Constanza Ramirez|
|• Total||186 km2 (72 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,530 m (8,300 ft)|
|• Density||560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||57 + 7|
|Website||Official website (Spanish)|
Duitama (Spanish pronunciation: [dwiˈtama]) is a city and municipality in Boyacá Department, part of the Tundama Province, a subregion of Boyaca, Colombia. It is located some 170 kilometres northeast of Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia and 55 kilometres northeast of Tunja, the capital city of Boyaca. Duitama has existed since pre-Columbian times. According to the local oral tradition, the city was founded by the Muisca Chief Tundama. The city has a population of about 142,000 people. The elevation of the city is about 2,532 m above sea level and the average temperature is 18 °C (65 °F). Duitama is known as "The Pearl of Boyacá".
Its strategic geographical location as head of the province Tundama and fundamental part of the industrial corridor of the four provinces to further develop the Boyaca Department ( West, Central Province , Tundama and Sugamuxi ) and their strengths in production and their historical traditions , reflected primarily in its cultural , historical , natural and scenic heritage and in the provision and tradition of educational services , they have allowed it to become the highest-ranking city of the province and development center regional.
It bounded on the north by the department of Santander , Charalá Municipalities and Encino ; on the south by the municipalities of Tibasosa and Paipa ; by the east with the municipalities of Santa Rosa de Viterbo and Bethlehem ; and by the West with the municipality of Paipa .
Before the discovery of America, Tundama (Duitama) was governed by the cacique Tundama. Nemequene (the Zaque) was the leader of the "north" and his establishment was Hunza (Tunja). Though the Zaque was considered the king of the north (where Duitama is located), he did not have absolute control over the population. He was, however, considered a person of great power and a holy man.
Simón Bolívar (Plaza Libertadores)