Duke Energy

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Duke Energy Corporation
TypePublic
IndustryEnergy
Founded1904
Founders
Headquarters,
Area served
Duke Energy Ohio: Ohio, Kentucky
Duke Energy Indiana: Indiana
Duke Energy Carolinas: North Carolina, South Carolina
Duke Energy Progress: North Carolina, South Carolina
Duke Energy Florida: Florida
Duke Energy Puerto Rico : Puerto Rico
Piedmont Natural Gas : North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee
Key people
ProductsElectricity generation, transmission and distribution, natural gas
RevenueDecrease US$ 21.72 billion (2020)
Decrease US$ 3.985 billion (2020)
Decrease US$ 1.082 billion (2020)
Total assetsIncrease US$ 162.388 billion (2020)
Total equityIncrease US$ 13.154 billion (2020)
Number of employees
27,535 (2020)
Websitewww.duke-energy.com

Duke Energy Corporation is an American electric power and natural gas holding company headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina.

Overview[edit]

Based in Charlotte, North Carolina, Duke Energy owns 58,200 megawatts of base-load and peak generation in the United States, which it distributes to its 7.2 million customers. The company has approximately 29,000 employees.[1] Duke Energy's service territory covers 104,000 square miles (270,000 km2) with 250,200 miles (402,700 km) of distribution lines.[2] Almost all of Duke Energy's Midwest generation comes from coal, natural gas, or oil, while half of its Carolinas generation comes from its nuclear power plants. During 2006, Duke Energy generated 148,798,332 megawatt-hours of electrical energy.

Duke Energy Renewable Services (DERS), a subsidiary of Duke Energy, specializes in the development, ownership, and operation of various generation facilities throughout the United States. This segment of the company operates 1,700 megawatts of generation. 240 megawatts of wind generation were under construction and 1,500 additional megawatts of wind generation were in planning stages.[3] On September 9, 2008, DERS updated its projections for future wind power capacity. By the end of 2008, it would have over 500 MW of nameplate capacity of wind power online, and an additional 5,000 MW in development.[4]

Subsidiaries[edit]

  • Duke Energy Carolinas (formerly Duke Power)
  • Duke Energy Ohio (formerly Cincinnati Gas & Electric Company, via Cinergy)
  • Duke Energy Kentucky (formerly Union Light, Heat & Power, via Cinergy)
  • Duke Energy Indiana (formerly Public Service Indiana, via Cinergy)
  • Duke Energy Florida (formerly Florida Power Corporation, via Progress Energy)
  • Duke Energy Progress (formerly Carolina Power and Light, via Progress Energy)
  • Duke Energy Renewables
  • Duke Energy Retail
  • Duke Energy International

History[edit]

The company began in 1900 as the Catawba Power Company when Dr. Walker Gill Wylie and his brother financed the building of a hydroelectric power station at India Hook Shoals along the Catawba River near India Hook, South Carolina. When he needed additional funding to further his ambitious plan for construction of a series of hydroelectric power plants, Wylie convinced James B. Duke and his partner James Blaney to invest in the Southern Power Company, founded in 1905.

In 1917 James Blaney was the founder of the Wateree Power Company that was formed as a holding company for several utilities that had been founded and/or owned by Duke, and Blaney his associates, and in 1924 the name was changed to Duke Power. In 1927, most of the subsidiary companies, including Southern Power Company, Catawba Power Company, Great Falls Power Company, and Western Carolina Power Company were merged into Duke Power, although Southern Public Utilities, 100% owned by Duke Power, maintained a legally separate existence for the retail marketing of Duke-generated power to residential and commercial customers.[5] Southern Public Utilities also operated transit systems, which Duke eventually converted from streetcars to buses.

In 1988, Nantahala Power & Light Co., which served southwestern North Carolina, was purchased by Duke and is now operated under the Duke Power Nantahala Area brand. In 1990, Duke sold its remaining transit operations. Duke Power merged with PanEnergy, a natural gas company, in 1997 to form Duke Energy.[6] The Duke Power name continued as the electric utility business of Duke Energy until the Cinergy merger.

Duke Energy Field Services near Palestine, Texas. The facilities include refineries and oil wells throughout the region.

With the purchase of Cinergy Corporation announced in 2005 and completed on April 3, 2006, Duke Energy Corporation's customer base grew to include the Midwestern United States as well. The company operates nuclear power plants, coal-fired plants, conventional hydroelectric plants, natural-gas turbines to handle peak demand, and pumped hydro storage. During 2006, Duke Energy also acquired Chatham, Ontario-based Union Gas, which is regulated under the Ontario Energy Board Act (1998).

On January 3, 2007, Duke Energy spun off its gas business to form Spectra Energy. Duke Energy shareholders received 1 share of Spectra Energy for each 2 shares of Duke Energy. After the spin-off, Duke Energy now receives the majority of its revenue from its electric operations in portions of North Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana. The spinoff to Spectra also included Union Gas, which Duke Energy acquired the previous year.[7][8]

In 2011, Duke Energy worked with Charlotte’s business leader community to help build Charlotte into a smart city. The group called the initiative "Envision Charlotte". At the time, the group decided on a goal to reduce energy use in the "urban core of the city by 20 percent". To do so, the group focused on making energy consumption changes to commercial buildings larger than 10,000 square feet.[9]

On July 3, 2012, Duke Energy merged with Progress Energy Inc with the Duke Energy name being retained along with the Charlotte, North Carolina, headquarters.[10][11]

Duke announced on June 18, 2013, that CEO Jim Rogers was retiring and Lynn Good would become the new CEO. Rogers has been CEO and Chairman since 2006, while Good was Chief Financial Officer of Duke since 2009, having joined Duke in the 2006 Cinergy merger. Rogers' retirement was part of an agreement to end an investigation into Duke's Progress Energy acquisition in 2012.[12]

In 2016, Duke Energy purchased Piedmont Natural Gas for $4.9 billion to become its wholly owned subsidiary.[13] Duke Energy completed selling its remaining power operations in Central and South America for $1.2 billion months afterwards.[14] At one point Duke Energy had more than 4,300 megawatts of electric generation in Latin America.[15] It operated eight hydroelectric power plants in Brazil with an installed capacity of 2,307 megawatts.[16]

The company expects to spend $13 billion upgrading the North Carolina grid from 2017.[17]

New nuclear power plant[edit]

On March 16, 2006, Duke Power announced that a Cherokee County, South Carolina site had been selected for a potential new nuclear power plant. The site is jointly owned by Duke Power and Southern Company. Duke plans to develop the site for two Westinghouse Electric Company AP1000 (advanced passive) pressurized water reactors. Each reactor is capable of producing approximately 1,117 megawatts. (See Nuclear Power 2010 Program.)

On December 14, 2007, Duke Power submitted a Combined Construction and Operating License to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, with an announcement that it will spend $160 million in 2008 on the plant with a total cost of $5 billion to $6 billion.[18] The plant was approved in 2016.[19]

In August 2017, Duke decided to seek permission from the North Carolina Utility Commission to cancel the project due to the bankruptcy of Westinghouse and "other market activity", although they will retain the option of restarting the project at some point in the future if circumstances change.[20]

This site would have been adjacent to the old site, which was never completed and abandoned in the early 1980s, and used by James Cameron as a film set for the 1989 movie The Abyss.

In 2018, Duke Energy decided not to include new nuclear power in its long-range plans.[21]

Headquarters buildings[edit]

J.A. Jones designed the first headquarters building, known as the Power Building, which was completed in 1927 at 440 South Church. It was five stories and 503,000 square feet (46,700 m2). The Electric Center at 526 South Church Street opened in 1975 with an addition in 1988.[22][23] State Farm Insurance sold the Power Building in 2004 for $8 million to The Dilweg Cos., who anticipated significant development. Novare Group bought 5.13 acres (20,800 m2) at 408 South Church Street for $17 million from The Dilweg Cos. in a deal announced March 27, 2006.[23] The Power Building was demolished February 24, 2007.[24]

Duke Energy Center at 550 South Tryon Street was announced as the company's headquarters in 2009.[25] The company announced May 17, 2021 that the headquarters will move in 2023 to Duke Energy Plaza, across the street from the current headquarters. Childress Klein is developing the new building, which will allow Duke to sell its Church Street and College Street buildings, and end its lease at 400 South Tryon.[26][27] Previously named Charlotte Metro Tower,[27] the 40-story building will be purchased when completed for up to $675 million by Childress Klein and CGA Capital, in the largest real estate deal in the city's history, announced in December 2019.[28]

Finances[edit]

For the fiscal year 2017, Duke Energy reported earnings of US$3.059 billion, with an annual revenue of US$23.565 billion, an increase of 3.6% over the previous fiscal cycle. Duke Energy's shares traded at over $79 per share, and its market capitalization was valued at over US$58.8 billion in November 2018.[29]

Year Revenue
in million US$
Net income
in million US$
Total Assets
in million US$
Employees
2005 6,906 1,812 54,723
2006 10,607 1,863 68,700
2007 12,720 1,500 49,686
2008 13,207 1,362 53,077
2009 12,731 1,075 57,040
2010 14,272 1,320 59,090
2011 14,529 1,706 62,526
2012 17,912 1,768 113,856
2013 22,756 2,665 114,779 27,948
2014 22,509 1,883 120,557 28,344
2015 22,371 2,816 121,156 29,188
2016 22,743 2,152 132,761 28,798
2017 23,565 3,059 137,914 29,060
2018 24,521 2,666 145,392 30,083
2019 25,079 3,707 158,838 28,793
2020 23,868 1,270 162,388 27,535
2021 25,097 3,802

Environmental record[edit]

In 1999, the United States Environmental Protection Agency commenced an enforcement action against Duke Energy for making modifications to very old and deteriorating coal-burning power plants without getting permits under the Clean Air Act. Duke asserted that a "modification" under the Clean Air Act did not require a permit. Environmental groups asserted that Duke was using loopholes in the law to increase emissions. Initially, Duke prevailed at the trial court level, but in 2006 the case was argued before the Supreme Court (Environmental Defense v. Duke Energy Corp. (05-848)). The Court unanimously ruled on April 2, 2007 that the modifications allowed the power plants to operate for more hours, increasing emissions, so Clean Air Act permits were needed.[30]

In 2002, researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst identified Duke Energy as the 46th-largest corporate producer of air pollution in the United States, with roughly 36 million pounds of toxic chemicals released annually into the air.[31] Major pollutants included sulfuric and hydrochloric acid, chromium compounds, and hydrogen fluoride.[32] The Political Economy Research Institute ranks Duke Energy 13th among corporations emitting airborne pollutants in the United States. The ranking is based on the quantity (80 million pounds in 2005) and toxicity of the emissions.[33] This change reflects the purchase of fossil fuel-heavy Cinergy, which occurred in 2005.

In early 2008, Duke Energy announced a plan to build the new, 800-megawatt Cliffside Unit 6 coal plant 55 miles (89 km) west of Charlotte, North Carolina. The plan has been strongly opposed by environmental groups such as Rising Tide North America, Rainforest Action Network, the community-based Canary Coalition as well as the Southern Environmental Law Center, which has threatened to sue Duke if it does not halt construction plans. On April 1, activists locked themselves to machinery at the Cliffside construction area as part of Fossil Fools Day.

Duke Energy has been "one of the most vocal advocates"[citation needed] for a "cap-and-trade" system to combat global CO2 emissions,[34] "and the company's CEO, Jim Rogers, thinks the company will profit from cap-and-trade".[citation needed] The company left the National Association of Manufacturers in part over differences on climate policy.[34][35]

In a joint venture with the French-based global energy firm AREVA, under the nominal name of ADAGE, Duke Energy has planned a "Green" biomass burning facility in Mason County, Washington and is negotiating with forestland owners to secure the 600,000 tons of wood debris it needs yearly to fuel its $250 million biomass plant. The joint venture between electric power company Duke Energy and global nuclear services giant AREVA was created to build wood waste-to-energy power plants around the country.

ADAGE president Reed Wills announced the first Northwest outpost will be in the struggling timber town of Shelton, Washington.

The following pollutants are provided by DUKE-AREVA-ADAGE in their application for permit to the Department of Environmental Protection for a similar type of plant in Florida.

  • 248 tons per year – particulate matter
  • 288 tons per year – particulate matter 10
  • 233 tons per year – particulate matter 2.5
  • 249 tons per year – NOx (nitrogen oxides)
  • 246 tons per year – SO2 (sulfur dioxide)
  • 248 tons per year – CO (carbon monoxide)
  • 40 tons per year – H2SO4 – (sulfuric acid mist)
  • 63 tons per year – VOC (volatile organic compounds)
  • 29 tons per year – F (fluorides)[36]

Generating facilities[edit]

  • This list is partially complete due to the July 3, 2012, merger with Progress Energy.

Biomass fired[edit]

  • Shelton Biomass Facility (proposed)

Nuclear[edit]

Coal-fired[edit]

Hydroelectric[edit]

Conventional hydro[edit]

Following is a list of Duke Energy's thirty conventional hydroelectric facilities, in order of average electric production.[37] All properties are 100% owned by Duke, and all but Markland are located in North Carolina and South Carolina (Markland is located in southern Indiana).[38]

Pumped-storage hydro[edit]

Oil and gas-fired[edit]

  • Anclote Station
  • Asheville Combustion Turbines
  • Bartow Combined Cycle Station
  • Buck Steam Station
  • Buzzard Roost Station
  • Cayuga Combustion Turbine Station
  • Cliffside Steam Station
  • Connersville Peaking Station
  • Dan River Steam Station
  • Darlington County Electric Plant
  • Henry County Peaking Station
  • Hines Energy Complex
  • Lee Energy Complex
  • Lee Steam Station
  • Lincoln Combustion Turbine Station
  • Madison Peaking Station
  • Miami-Wabash Peaking Station
  • Mill Creek Combustion Turbine Station
  • Noblesville Station
  • Rockingham Station
  • Smith Energy Complex
  • Sutton Combined Cycle Plant
  • Wabash River Repowering Station
  • Wheatland Peaking Station
  • Woodsdale Station

Solar farms[edit]

Citing the falling cost of building solar farms, Duke Energy announced plans in 2017 to launch three new such projects in Kentucky. Two will be in Kenton County and one will be in Grant County. Together the three plants will create more than 6.7 MW of power.[39] These join several other solar farms including:

  • Davidson County Solar Farm
  • Martins Creek Solar Farm 1 MW (Murphy, NC)
  • Culberson Solar Farm 1 MW (Murphy, NC)
  • Osceola Solar Facility 4 MW (St.Petersburg, Fla)[40]

Additionally, Duke Energy added 451 MW of solar capacity to North Carolina’s grid in 2017.[41]

  • Hamilton Solar Power Plant 74.9 MW (Jasper, FL)
  • Columbia Solar Power Plant 74.9 MW (Fort White, FL) (opening in 2020)[42]
  • Live Oak Solar Power Plant ? MW (Live Oak, FL)

In 2020 Duke Energy began commercial operations of several farms in Texas, operating alongside its Farm from 2010.[43][44][45]

  • Blue Wing Solar Project (San Antonio, TX)
  • Lapetus Solar Project 100 MW (Andrews County, TX)
  • Holstein Solar Project 200 MW (Nolan County, TX)
  • Rambler Solar Project 200 MW (Tom Green County, TX)

Wind farms[edit]

Electric vehicles[edit]

Duke Energy announced in October 2018 that it would install 530 electric car charging stations around Florida. Ten percent of the stations will go into low income communities.[47]

Awards[edit]

Duke Energy has been chosen as one of The 50 Best Employers In America by Business Insider[48]

In 2002, Duke Energy was awarded the Ig Nobel Prize in Economics for "adapting the mathematical concept of imaginary numbers for use in the business world".[49]

Criticism[edit]

In December 2000, Cinergy Corp agreed to pay $1.4B to settle allegations that its coal plants illegally polluted the air.[50] Duke Energy completed its acquisition of Cinergy Corp in 2006.[51]

In July 2004, Duke Energy agreed to pay $208M to settle allegations that it had engaged in price gouging in California during the energy crisis of 2000 and 2001.[52]

In December 2009, Duke Energy agreed to spend approximately $93M to resolve violations of the Clean Air Act. Duke became obligated to make investments that were expected to reduce sulfur dioxide emissions by 86%.[53]

On February 14, 2011, Greenpeace launched a campaign in which Phil Radford called on Duke Energy to abandon mountaintop removal coal, produce a third of its energy from renewable sources by 2020, and abandon coal altogether by 2030."[54]

In May 2011, Duke agreed to pay $30M to resolve allegations that changes made to the company pension plan disproportionately harmed employees over 40, costing many of them up to half of their accrued benefits.[55]

In December 2011, the non-partisan organization Public Campaign criticized Duke Energy for spending $17.47 million on lobbying. It also criticized Duke for not paying any taxes from 2008 to 2010 and receiving $216 million in tax rebates,[56] in spite of turning a $5.4 billion profit and extensively raising executive compensations.[57]

In 2012, Greenpeace protested Duke's lobbying of the Democratic Party, including its funding of the 2012 Democratic National Convention.[58]

In July 2012, Duke Energy was criticized for paying former Progress Energy CEO Bill Johnson $44.7 million in compensation, including a $10 million severance, for something close to 20 minutes on the job as Duke's CEO.[59]

In 2012, Duke Energy sued Citrus County, Florida claiming its tax bill was too high. The county hired an outside appraiser who found that there were a lot of unreported and underreported items and the tax claim was actually too low.[60]

In May 2013, university students launched a campaign for Brown University to divest fossil fuels, specifically referring to Duke Energy and other coal plant operators.[61]

On February 2 2014, the massive Dan River coal-ash spill led to a grand jury investigation into Duke Energy. The initial investigation was overseen by Governor Pat McCrory, who was accused of intervening on Duke's behalf as he had been a Duke Energy employee for 28 years. Prosecutors went looking for any cash or items of value that might have been given to Governor McCrory and members of his administration in exchange for cheap settlements.[62][63] Duke Energy was prosecuted, pled guilty to nine charges of criminal negligence,[64] and agreed to pay $102 million in fines and restitutions.[65] Duke Energy was also ordered to close all of its 32 ash ponds in the state of North Carolina by 2029.[66]

In September 2016, the Government Pension Fund of Norway, then worth $900 billion, excluded Duke Energy and its subsidiaries from the fund, citing "risk of severe environmental damage".[67]

In August 2020, environmental watchdog EWG released a report accusing Duke Energy of charging Indiana ratepayers for $12 billion worth of failed projects.[68] This was the direct consequence of a controversial bill passed in Indiana earlier that year.[69] Projects included two natural gas pipelines and two retired nuclear power plants. The company was also accused of having plans to charge the Indiana ratepayer for $8 billion in coal-ash pond closure and cleanup costs.[70]

In 2021, investigative reporting by the Orlando Sun Sentinel revealed that Duke Energy, FPL (Nextera Energy), and TECO Energy put forth more than $3 million to promote "ghost" spoiler candidates in key Florida legislature races. The scheme involved former senator Frank Artiles and was effective in costing the Democrats at least one election.[71]

In January 2021, Duke Energy agreed to a settlement, which the company proposed, to absorb $1.1 billion worth of coal-ash pond closure and cleanup costs, in North Carolina, between 2015 and 2030.[72] The parties involved also waived all rights to challenge the “reasonableness and prudence” of Duke Energy’s coal ash management practices and costs before March 2020.[73] Duke estimates the costs to be between $8 and $9 billion, the settlement reduces the cost on the ratepayer by 60%.[73]

In August 2021, Indiana city officials from Bloomington, Carmel, and West Lafayette, and other lawmakers sent a letter to Duke Energy deploring its progress towards renewables and asking it to stop overcharging low-income homes for electricity.[74]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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