Duke Kang of Qi

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Duke Kang of Qi
齊康公
Ruler of Qi
Reign404–386 BC
PredecessorDuke Xuan of Qi
SuccessorDuke Tai of Tian Qi
Died379 BC
Full name
Ancestral name: Jiang (姜)
Clan name: Lü (呂)
Given name: Dai (貸)
HouseHouse of Jiang
FatherDuke Xuan of Qi

Duke Kang of Qi (Chinese: 齊康公; pinyin: Qí Kāng Gōng; died 379 BC) was from 404 to 386 BC the titular ruler of the State of Qi during the early Warring States period of ancient China. His personal name was Lü Dai (呂貸),[1] ancestral name Jiang (), and Duke Kang was his posthumous title. He was the final Qi ruler from the House of Jiang.[2][3]

Reign[edit]

Duke Kang succeeded his father, Duke Xuan of Qi, who died in 405 BC after 51 years of reign as titular ruler of Qi. Since Tian Heng killed Duke Xuan's uncle Duke Jian of Qi in 481 BC, the leaders of the Tian clan had been the de facto rulers of Qi.[3][4]

Tian He was leader of the Tian clan during Duke Kang's reign. With the lobbying of Marquis Wu of Wei, in 386 BC King An of Zhou, the nominal ruler of all China, officially recognized Tian He as ruler of Qi, ending more than six centuries of rule by the House of Jiang. Tian He became the first de jure ruler of Qi from the House of Tian, and is posthumously known as Duke Tai of Tian Qi.[4]

After Tian He ascended the throne of Qi, he exiled Duke Kang to Zhifu Island in present-day Shandong Province, where he lived for seven more years and died in 379 BC.[2][3]

Family[edit]

  • Parents:
    • Prince Ji (公子積; d. 405 BC), ruled as Duke Xuan of Qi from 455–405 BC

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms (23-220 AD)". Google Books. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  2. ^ a b Sima Qian. 齐太公世家 [House of Duke Tai of Qi]. Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). Guoxue.com. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  3. ^ a b c Han Zhaoqi (韩兆琦) (2010). "House of Duke Tai of Qi". Shiji (史记) (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 2597–2599. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3.
  4. ^ a b Han Zhaoqi (韩兆琦) (2010). "House of Tian Jingzhong Wan". Shiji (史记) (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 3659–3661. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3.
Duke Kang of Qi
 Died: 379 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Duke Xuan of Qi
— TITULAR —
Duke of Qi
404–386 BC
Reason for succession failure:
House of Tian in control
Succeeded by
Duke Tai of Tian Qi