Duke University West Campus

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West Campus
New buildings 006.jpg
Craven House on West Campus
General information
Architectural styleCollegiate Gothic
LocationDuke University
North Carolina North Carolina
United States United States
Coordinates36°0′5.99″N 78°56′23.32″W / 36.0016639°N 78.9398111°W / 36.0016639; -78.9398111Coordinates: 36°0′5.99″N 78°56′23.32″W / 36.0016639°N 78.9398111°W / 36.0016639; -78.9398111
Website
https://studentaffairs.duke.edu/hdrl/housing-communities/west-campus

West Campus is part of Duke University's campus in Durham, North Carolina. West Campus, along with East Campus, make up most of Duke's main campus. The campus follows the Collegiate Gothic architecture style, inspired by the mid-18th century Gothic Revival style, making it distinct from East Campus.

History[edit]

James Buchanan Duke's relationship with the Horace Trumbauer Architectural Firm began in 1912, when he commissioned the "costliest home"[1] on New York City's Fifth Avenue according to The New York Times.[2]

In 1924, Horace Trumbauer's firm was commissioned to build a new campus for Duke University. In 1925, Julian Abele, a prominent architect and the first African-American graduate of the University of Pennsylvania[3] who at the time worked for Trumbauer, began work on a rendering of the proposed West Campus. This rendering included the Duke Chapel (one of the tallest university chapels in the world according to Princeton University archives),[4] the first four housing quadrangles (now Craven, Crowell, Few, and, Kilgo), the library (now Perkin's Library), Student Union (now the Richard H. Brodhead Center), and departmental buildings.[5] In 1938, the original West Campus opened at once,[6] to serve as the expanded home for Duke's Trinity College of Arts and Sciences, at the time an all-the male undergraduate college.[7]

By 1928, the Cameron Indoor Stadium for Duke Men's Basketball and the Wallace Wade Stadium for Duke Men's Football had opened. Both stadiums have been renovated in recent years, and renovations were completed by 2017.[8]

In July of 1939, the Board of Trustees approved the first expansion to the original West Campus, adding the Few Quadrangle, houses FF, GG, and HH. Although previous dorms on the university had meeting spaces, these dorms were the first in Duke's history to include common spaces for students throughout the house to interact.[9] Since this time, most of Duke's dormitories have been retrofitted to include common rooms.[10]

In 1968, the Paul M. Gross Hall opened to serve as the home for the Chemistry department. After additional space for the department was completed, the university remodeled the building in 2015 to reconfigure the building to serve as a maker space[11] and the headquarters for Duke's Social Science Research Institute, part of the Economics Department.[12]

In 1972, as part of the merging of Duke's Women's College and Duke's Men's Trinity College, the campus became coeducational.[7] Unlike at Harvard University, where the merger between its all-female Radcliffe College and all-male Harvard College took 22 years,[13] the coeducational merger between Duke's undergraduate colleges were merged in a single year.[14]

In 1982, The Bryan Center opened with the Duke University Store, Duke Barber Shop, Duke Post Office, Restaurants, Student Government and Administrative Offices.[15]

In 1994, Duke opened the Levine Science Research Center, to house the department of Computer Science. As of 2018, this research complex is the largest single-site interdisciplinary research facility in the United States.[16]

By 2004, due to the University's expansion, the need for more housing on West Campus arose and the University opened the first house of what would become Keohane Quadrangle.[17] The last house of the quadrangle was opened in 2012, with more meeting spaces and suite-style living arrangements.[18]

2004 also marked a substantial expansion for the Pratt School of Engineering's buildings on West Campus, with the opening of The Fitzpatrick Center for Interdisciplinary Engineering.

In 2007, Bill and Melinda Gates (an alum of Duke) opened the French Family Science Center, a facility consisting of biological and genetic laboratories.[19]

In 2015, renovations began on most of the housing on West Campus, with the Wannamaker Quadrangle becoming the first retrofitted house.[20] In 2018, the university completed renovations of the Crowell Quadrangle, and is now renovating the Craven Quadrangle.[21]

In 2018, as part of a university-wide construction initiative to replace aging dorms on both East Campus and West Campus, construction began on a new quadrangle.[22]

Undergraduate Housing[edit]

West Campus is organized into housing quadrangles (referred to as "quads"), which have corresponding houses and provide housing for selective living groups and greek organizations. The campus serves as student housing from sophomore year through senior year, as Duke has both a residency requirement as well as guarantees housing for all undergraduate students.[23] The Duke House Model[24] is similar to house models at other universities such as Harvard and Yale.[25][26]

Quadrangles[edit]

There are 8 undergraduate quadrangles on West Campus.[27][28] The naming convention follows past presidents of Duke University.

Selective Living Groups[edit]

Duke consists of several undergraduate "Selective Living Groups," which operate as an alternative to the Duke House Model and Greek Life. Each selective group has a specific theme, and is open to students who meet certain criteria.[30]

Greek Organization Living Sections[edit]

Duke provides housing accommodations to Greek Organizations (both Fraternities and Sororities) which meet university criteria, known commonly as "House Sections."[31] The Greek Organizations are not clustered on one quad, for example Duke's Sigma Alpha Epsilon (ΣAE) has its section in Craven House Y whereas Duke's Sigma Nu (SNU) Fraternity has its section in university annex housing.[32] No Greek Organizations have housing on Duke's East Campus.

Transportation[edit]

The overall shape of Duke University in Durham is bar-bell shaped, with two ends of West Campus and East Campus. Duke provides regular transportation services to connect students between the two campuses (known commonly as the "C1").[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "New Research Uncovers Noted Local Designer of Campus Gate". Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  2. ^ "Meet the black architect who designed Duke University 37 years before he could have attended it". Curbed. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  3. ^ "Meet the black architect who designed Duke University 37 years before he could have attended it". Curbed. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  4. ^ "Front Matter". The Princeton University Library Chronicle. 13 (4). 1952. doi:10.2307/26403254.
  5. ^ "Duke University campus, bird's-eye view, architectural rendering". dla.library.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  6. ^ "Julian Francis Abele (1881-1950), University of Pennsylvania University Archives". www.archives.upenn.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  7. ^ a b "Our History | Trinity College of Arts & Sciences". trinity.duke.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  8. ^ "Stadium Renovations Enhance Football Experience". Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  9. ^ amy.mcdonald (2013-08-23). "A Hot New University Grows Fast". library.duke.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  10. ^ "Construction update: Southgate, Epworth to close for 2018-19 academic year, Crowell Quad set to re-open". The Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  11. ^ "Gross Hall | a place to collaborate and connect". sites.duke.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  12. ^ "Gross Hall ready to debut | SSRI". ssri.duke.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  13. ^ "Radcliffe | Harvard College". college.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  14. ^ "Duke University | university, Durham, North Carolina, United States". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  15. ^ "Bryan Center | Student Affairs". studentaffairs.duke.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  16. ^ "Alumni News and Notes". www.cumc.columbia.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  17. ^ "Duke to honor Keohane with quad naming". The Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  18. ^ "Keohane 4E Residence Hall Construction". Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  19. ^ "French Family Science Center Opens". Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  20. ^ "Summer Updates to Wannamaker Residence Hall". Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  21. ^ "How Craven renovation will affect housing next year". The Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  22. ^ "Duke rolls out new construction initiative: New dorms to be built on East and West". The Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  23. ^ "On-Campus Housing Requirement | Student Affairs". studentaffairs.duke.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  24. ^ "Model House | Duke magazine". dukemagazine.duke.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  25. ^ "Housing: What are the alternatives?". The Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  26. ^ pm, Yvette Borja 4:00; Oct 08; 2010. "Duke copies Yale". yaledailynews.com. Retrieved 2018-12-23.
  27. ^ "West Campus". Blue devil dorms. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  28. ^ "West Campus Quads | Student Affairs". studentaffairs.duke.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  29. ^ "Facilities Management Project Summary" (PDF). Duke University. 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
  30. ^ "House Descriptions | Student Affairs". studentaffairs.duke.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  31. ^ "'We view it as an opportunity': TriDelt loses housing section". The Chronicle. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  32. ^ "Fraternity Chapters | Student Affairs". studentaffairs.duke.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  33. ^ "C1: East-West | Parking & Transportation". parking.duke.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-28.