Duke of Abercorn

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Dukedom of Abercorn
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Arms of Hamilton, Duke of Abercorn.svg
Arms of Duke of Abercorn: Quarterly: 1st & 4th, gules three cinquefoils pierced ermine (for Hamilton); 2nd & 3rd, argent, Argent, a lymphad with the sails furled proper, flagged gules and oars in action sable (for Arran) in the point of honour and over all, an inescutcheon azure with charged three fleur-de-lys or, and surmounted by a French ducal coronet (for Châtellerault)[1]
Creation date 10 August 1868
Monarch Victoria
Peerage Peerage of Ireland
First holder James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Abercorn
Present holder James Hamilton, 5th Duke
Heir apparent James Hamilton, Marquess of Hamilton[1]
Remainder to The 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titles Marquess of Abercorn
Marquess of Hamilton
Earl of Abercorn
Viscount Strabane
Viscount Hamilton
Lord Paisley
Lord of Abercorn
Lord of Paisley, Hamilton, Mountcastell and Kilpatrick
Lord Hamilton, Baron of Strabane
Baron Mountcastle
Baronet Hamilton of Dunalong
Seat(s) Baronscourt[1]
Armorial motto Sola Nobilitas Virtus ("The only nobility is virtue")[1]

The title Duke of Abercorn (/ˈævərkɔːrn/) is a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1868 and bestowed upon James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Abercorn. Although the Dukedom is in the Peerage of Ireland, it refers to Abercorn, West Lothian, and the Duke also bears four titles in Peerage of Scotland and two in the Peerage of Great Britain, and is one of only three peers who have titles in those three peerages. The Duke of Abercorn also claims the French title of Duke of Châtellerault, created in 1548.[1][2]

History[edit]

In acknowledgement of his loyalty, James VI of Scotland (James I of England), conferred on the Hon. Claud Hamilton, third son of James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Arran, the title Lord Paisley. His son James Hamilton was created Lord Abercorn on 5 April 1603, then on 10 July 1606 he was made Earl of Abercorn and Lord of Paisley, Hamilton, Mountcastell and Kilpatrick.

His successor, the 2nd Earl of Abercorn, was additionally created Lord Hamilton, Baron of Strabane, in the Peerage of Ireland, on 8 May 1617. He resigned this dignity to his younger brother in 1633; the brother's heirs inherited the Earldom and other titles in 1680, in the person of Claud Hamilton, 4th Earl of Abercorn. He was attainted in Ireland in 1691, and the Barony of Strabane forfeited, but his brother Charles Hamilton, 5th Earl of Abercorn, obtained a reversal of the attainder and recovered in 1692.[1]

The 6th earl was at his accession an Irish baronet, "of Dunalong in the County of Tyrone, and of Nenagh in the County of Tipperary" (1660). He was additionally created Baron Mountcastle and Viscount Strabane, in the Peerage of Ireland, on 2 September 1701. The 7th earl became the first of the Earls of Abercorn to be invested a Privy Counsellor, having been appointed to both the English and Irish Privy Councils. The 8th earl was created Viscount Hamilton, of Hamilton, in the Peerage of Great Britain on 24 August 1786. He was succeeded by his nephew, who was created Marquess of Abercorn in the Peerage of Great Britain on 15 October 1790, after having sat in the House of Commons as MP for East Looe and for St Germans. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1805.[1]

The 2nd Marquess, who had been given the Garter in 1844, served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1866 to 1868 (and again from 1874 to 1876); and on 10 August 1868, during his first term, he was created Marquess of Hamilton, of Strabane, and Duke of Abercorn (in the Peerage of Ireland). His successor, the 2nd Duke, continued the family tradition by being awarded the Garter in 1892; the 3rd Duke served as MP for Londonderry and as Governor of Northern Ireland, along with being created a Knight of St Patrick and given the Garter. Currently, the holder of the Dukedom is James Hamilton, 5th Duke of Abercorn, also a Knight of the Garter.

Of the subsidiary titles above, Marquess of Hamilton is the courtesy title of the heir apparent, and Viscount Strabane that of his heir-apparent.[1]

The Dukes of Abercorn also claim the French title of Duc de Châtellerault, as heirs-male of the 2nd Earl of Arran, who was granted the title in 1548 by Henry II of France. Additionally, since the death of William Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Hamilton, in 1651, the Earls, Marquesses, and Dukes of Abercorn have been the rightful claimants to the peerage dignities of Earl of Arran (of the 1503 creation) and Lord Hamilton (of the 1445 creation), both in the Peerage of Scotland, as the most senior heirs-male of James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault, and this title is reflected in their coat of arms, with an inescutcheon of three fleur-de-lys and a French ducal crown.[1][3]

Diana, Princess of Wales was a great-granddaughter of the 3rd Duke of Abercorn.

The family seat is Baronscourt (usually known locally as Baronscourt Castle), a neo-Classical country house on the Barons Court Estate near Newtownstewart, Omagh, a village near Strabane, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. The traditional burial place of the Dukes of Abercorn and their families is the cemetery at Baronscourt Parish Church.[1][4]

Peerages in the family[edit]

Lords Paisley (1587)[edit]

  • Claud Hamilton, 1st Lord Paisley (1543–1621) was a Scottish politician
    • The 1st Earl of Abercorn was the 1st Lord's eldest son. He predeceased his father
  • James Hamilton, 2nd Lord Paisley was already 2nd Earl of Abercorn

Earls of Abercorn (1606)[edit]

Other titles: Lord Abercorn, in the county of Linlithgow (Sc 1603) and Lord Paisley, Hamilton, Mountcashell and Kirkpatrick (Sc 1606)
Other titles (2nd Earl onwards): Lord Paisley, in the county of Renfrew (Sc 1587)
Other titles (2nd Earl): Baron Hamilton of Strabane, in the county of Tyrone (Ir 1617, res. 1633)
Other titles (4th Earl): Baron Hamilton of Strabane, in the county of Tyrone (Ir 1617, suc. 1668, att. 1691)
Other titles (5th Earl onwards): Baron Hamilton of Strabane, in the county of Tyrone (Ir 1617, rest. 1692)
Other titles (7th Earl onwards): Viscount Strabane and Baron Mountcastle, in the county of Tyrone (Ir 1701)
Other tiles (8th Earl onwards): Viscount Hamilton (GB 1786)

Marquesses of Abercorn (1790)[edit]

Other titles: Earl of Abercorn (Sc 1606), Viscount Strabane (Ir 1701), Viscount Hamilton (GB 1786), Lord Paisley, in the county of Renfrew (Sc 1587), Lord Abercorn, in the county of Linlithgow (Sc 1603), Lord Paisley, Hamilton, Mountcashell and Kirkpatrick (Sc 1606), Lord Hamilton of Strabane, in the county of Tyrone (Ir 1617) and Baron Mountcastle, in the county of Tyrone (Ir 1701)

Dukes of Abercorn (1868)[edit]

Other titles: Marquess of Abercorn (GB 1790), Marquess of Hamilton, of Strabane in the county of Tyrone (1868), Earl of Abercorn (Sc 1606), Viscount Strabane (Ir 1701), Viscount Hamilton (GB 1786), Lord Paisley, in the county of Renfrew (Sc 1587), Lord Abercorn, in the county of Linlithgow (Sc 1603), Lord Paisley, Hamilton, Mountcashell and Kirkpatrick (Sc 1606), Lord Hamilton of Strabane, in the county of Tyrone (Ir 1617) and Baron Mountcastle, in the county of Tyrone (Ir 1701)

Line of succession[edit]

  1. James Harold Charles Hamilton, Marquess of Hamilton (born 1969) (elder son of the 5th Duke)
  2. James Alfred Nicholas Hamilton, Viscount Strabane (born 2005) (elder son of Lord Hamilton)
  3. Lord Claud Douglas Harold Hamilton (born 2007) (younger son of Lord Hamilton)
  4. Lord Nicholas Edward Claud Hamilton (born 1979) (younger son of the 5th Duke)
  5. Lord (Claud) Anthony Hamilton (born 1939) (younger son of the 4th Duke)
  6. Alexander James Hamilton (born 1987) (only son of Lord Anthony)

Family tree[edit]

Hamilton family tree: Earls, Marquesses and Dukes of Abercorn
King James II of Scotland
(1430–r.1437–1460)
King James III of Scotland
(1451–r.1460–1488)
James Hamilton,
1st Lord Hamilton

(c.1415–1479)
Princess Mary Stewart,
dowager Countess of Arran

(1453–1488)
King James IV of Scotland
(1473–r.1488–1513)
James Hamilton,
1st Earl of Arran

(c.1475–1529)
Catherine Stewart (illegit.)
(c.1495–1554)
m. 3rd Earl of Morton
James Hamilton,
Duke of Châtellerault

(c.1516–1575)
Lady Margaret Douglas
(c.1510–1579)
Dukes of HamiltonLORD PAISLEY, 1587
Claud Hamilton,
1st Lord Paisley

(1543–1621)
LORD ABERCORN, 1603
EARL OF ABERCORN, 1606
James Hamilton,
1st Lord Abercorn,
1st Earl of Abercorn

(1575–1618)
James Hamilton,
2nd Earl of Abercorn,
2nd Lord Paisley

(c.1604–c.1670)
Claud, 2nd Lord Hamilton
of Strabane

(c.1606–1638)
Sir George Hamilton, 1st Bt.
(c.1607–1679)
George Hamilton,
3rd Earl of Abercorn

(c.1636–c.1680)
James Hamilton,
Lord Paisley

(c.1633–c.1670)
James, 3rd Lord Hamilton
of Strabane

(1633–1655)
George, 4th Lord Hamilton
of Strabane

(c.1636–1668)
James Hamilton
(c.1620–1673)
Catherine HamiltonCharles, 6th Lord Hamilton
of Strabane,
5th Earl of Abercorn

(d. 1701)
Claud, 5th Lord Hamilton
of Strabane,
4th Earl of Abercorn

(1658–1691)
James Hamilton,
6th Earl of Abercorn

(c.1661–1734)
James Hamilton,
7th Earl of Abercorn

(1685–1744)
James Hamilton,
8th Earl of Abercorn

(1712–1789)
Lord John Hamilton
(1714–1755)
MARQUESS OF ABERCORN, 1790
John Hamilton,
9th Earl of Abercorn,
1st Marquess of Abercorn

(1756–1818)
James Hamilton,
Viscount Hamilton

(1786–1818)
DUKE OF ABERCORN, 1868
James Hamilton,
2nd Marquess of Abercorn,
1st Duke of Abercorn

(1811–1885)
James Hamilton,
2nd Duke of Abercorn

(1838–1913)
James Albert Edward Hamilton,
3rd Duke of Abercorn

(1869–1953)
James Edward Hamilton,
4th Duke of Abercorn

(1904–1979)
James Hamilton,
5th Duke of Abercorn

(b. 1934)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 4–7. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1. 
  2. ^ Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Burke's Peerage Limited. 1914. p. 54. Retrieved 22 September 2017. 
  3. ^ McAndrew, Bruce A. (2006). Scotland's Historic Heraldry. Boydell Press. p. 510. ISBN 9781843832614. Retrieved 22 September 2017. 
  4. ^ Baronscourt Parish Church

External links[edit]