Duke of Albemarle

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The Dukedom of Albemarle (/ˈælbəˌmɑːrl/) has been created twice in the Peerage of England, each time ending in extinction. Additionally, the title was created a third time by James II in exile and a fourth time by his son the Old Pretender, in the Jacobite Peerage. The name Albemarle is derived from the Latinised form of the French county of Aumale in Normandy (Latin: Alba Marla meaning "White Marl", marl being a type of fertile soil), other forms being Aubemarle and Aumerle.[1] It arose in connection with the ancient Norman Counts of Aumale of Aumale in Normandy. See also Earl of Albemarle.

Dukes of Albemarle (Aumale), first Creation (1397)[edit]

Dukes of Albemarle, second Creation (1660)[edit]

Arms of Monck: Gules, a chevron between three lion's heads erased argent
also Earl of Torrington, Baron Monck of Potheridge, Beauchamp and Teyes (England, 7 July 1660)

Dukes of Albemarle, first Jacobite Creation (1696)[edit]

also "Earl of Rochford" and "Baron Romney" (Jacobite, 1696)
  • Henry FitzJames, "1st Duke of Albemarle" (1673–1702), illegitimate son of James II was created a peer by his father in exile

Dukes of Albemarle, second Jacobite Creation (1722)[edit]

Arms of Granville: Gules, three clarions or
also "Marquess Monck and Fitzhemon", "Earl of Bath", "Viscount Bevil" (Jacobite, 1722), Baron Lansdowne (Great Britain, 1712) and "Baron Lansdown of Bideford" (Jacobite, 1722)
  • George Granville, 1st Baron Lansdowne, "1st Duke of Albemarle" (1666–1735), a notable Tory, was made a Jacobite peer by The Old Pretender, which creation was not recognised within the Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • Bernard Granville, "2nd Duke of Albemarle" (1700 – 2 July 1776), nephew of Lord Lansdown, allegedly[2] succeeded his uncle in said Jacobite peerage.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 492.
  2. ^ Bernard Granville, Duke of Albemarle at thepeerage.com (accessed 29 February 2008)

References[edit]

  • Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Albemarle, Earls and Dukes of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 492–493.
  • Cokayne, George E. (1910). Gibbs, Vicary, ed. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. I, Ab-Adam to Basing. London: St. Catherine Press. pp. 87–91.
  • Cokayne, George E. (1998). Hammond, Peter W., ed. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. XIV, Addenda and Corrigenda. London: St. Catherine Press. p. 17.