Duke of Cumberland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the steamship, see TSS Duke of Cumberland.

Duke of Cumberland is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British Royal Family, named after the county of Cumberland.

History[edit]

The earldom of Cumberland had been created in 1525, but became extinct in 1643. The first creation of the dukedom, in the Peerage of England, was in 1644 for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, nephew of King Charles I. When he died without male heirs, the title was created again in the Peerage of England in 1689 for Prince George of Denmark, husband of Princess Anne, younger daughter of King James II. He also died without heirs, in 1708. Neither of these men, however, was usually known by their peerage title.

The third creation, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was for Prince William, the third son of King George II. Other titles granted to Prince William were Marquess of Berkhampstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney. Since the Prince died unmarried and without children, his titles became extinct at his death.

The titles Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn and Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale were later created in the Peerage of Great Britain.

List of titleholders[edit]

Dukes of Cumberland, first Creation (1644)[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince Rupert
House of Wittelsbach
1644–1682
also: Earl of Holderness (1644)
Prince Rupert 17 December 1619
Prague
son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia
Never Married 29 November 1682
Westminster
aged 62
Nephew of Charles I, died without legitimate issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, second Creation (1689)[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
The Prince George
House of Oldenburg
1689–1708
also: Earl of Kendal and Baron Wokingham (1689)
Prince George 2 June 1653
Copenhagen Castle
son of Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Anne
28 July 1683
1 child
28 October 1708
Kensington Palace
aged 62
Husband of Queen Anne, died without surviving issue.

Dukes of Cumberland, third Creation (1726)[edit]

also Marquess of Berkhamstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney (Great Britain, 1726)

Dukes of Cumberland and Strathearn (1766)[edit]

The sole title-holder was Prince Henry, the third son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, He died without legitimate issue, and the dukedom again became extinct.

Dukes of Cumberland and Teviotdale (1799)[edit]

This double dukedom, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was bestowed on Ernest Augustus (later King of Hanover). It was suspended by Act of Parliament in 1919 and, as of 2016, had not been restored to its titular heir.

Family Tree[edit]

See also[edit]