Duke of Cumberland
Duke of Cumberland is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British Royal Family, named after the county of Cumberland.
The earldom of Cumberland had been created in 1525, but became extinct in 1643. The first creation of the dukedom, in the Peerage of England, was in 1644 for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, nephew of King Charles I. When he died without male heirs, the title was created again in the Peerage of England in 1689 for Prince George of Denmark, husband of Princess Anne, younger daughter of King James II. He also died without heirs, in 1708. Neither of these men, however, was usually known by their peerage title.
The third creation, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was for Prince William, the third son of King George II. Other titles granted to Prince William were Marquess of Berkhampstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney. Since the Prince died unmarried and without children, his titles became extinct at his death.
List of titleholders
Dukes of Cumberland, first Creation (1644)
|The Prince Rupert
House of Wittelsbach
also: Earl of Holderness (1644)
|17 December 1619
son of Frederick V, Elector Palatine and Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia
|Never Married||29 November 1682
|Nephew of Charles I, died without legitimate issue.|
Dukes of Cumberland, second Creation (1689)
|The Prince George
House of Oldenburg
also: Earl of Kendal and Baron Wokingham (1689)
|2 June 1653
son of Frederick III of Denmark and Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
28 July 1683
|28 October 1708
|Husband of Queen Anne, died without surviving issue.|
Dukes of Cumberland, third Creation (1726)
- also Marquess of Berkhamstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney (Great Britain, 1726)
- The Prince William, Duke of Cumberland (1721–1765), also known as "Butcher" Cumberland and Sweet William, was a younger son of George II, but died without issue.
Dukes of Cumberland and Strathearn (1766)
Dukes of Cumberland and Teviotdale (1799)
This double dukedom, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was bestowed on Ernest Augustus (later King of Hanover). It was suspended by Act of Parliament in 1919 and, as of 2016[update], had not been restored to its titular heir.