Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale

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Dukedom of Cumberland and Teviotdale
Creation date 24 April 1799
Monarch George III
Peerage Peerage of Great Britain
First holder Prince Ernest Augustus
Last holder Prince Ernest Augustus II
Remainder to the 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titles Earl of Armagh
King of Hanover (1837–1866)
Extinction date Suspended
28 March 1919

Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British Royal Family, named after the county of Cumberland, England and after Teviotdale, Scotland.

History[edit]

The title Duke of Cumberland had been created three times in the Peerages of England and Great Britain.

In 1799 the double dukedom of Cumberland and Teviotdale, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was bestowed on Ernest Augustus (later King of Hanover), fifth son of King George III of the United Kingdom. In 1837 Ernest became king of Hanover, and on his death in 1851 the title descended with the kingdom to his son King George V, and on George's death in 1878 to his grandson Ernest Augustus. In 1866 Hanover was annexed by Prussia, but King George died without renouncing his rights. His son Ernest, while maintaining his claim to the kingdom of Hanover, was generally known by his title of duke of Cumberland.[1]

The title was suspended for the Ernest's pro-German activities during World War I under the 1917 Titles Deprivation Act, as it was for his son. Under the Act the lineal male heirs of the 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale have the right to petition the British Crown for the restoration of his peerages. To date, none has done so. The present heir is Prince Ernst August of Hanover (born 26 February 1954), great grandson of the 3rd Duke and current head of the House of Hanover. He is the senior male-line descendant of George III of the United Kingdom.

Dukes of Cumberland and Teviotdale[edit]

Created by the George III
# Name Period Duchess Notes Other titles
1 Prince Ernest Augustus I
(1771–1851)
1799–1851 Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz Son of George III Earl of Armagh
King of Hanover from 1837
2 Prince George
(1819–1878)
1851–1878 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg Son of Ernest Augustus I Earl of Armagh
King of Hanover until 1866
3 Prince Ernest Augustus II
(1845–1923)
1878–1919 Thyra of Denmark Son of George V Earl of Armagh
Crown Prince of Hanover until 1866
Duke of Brunswick 1884–1913 [2]
Heirs to the Dukedom, if restored
# Name Period Duchess Notes Other titles
3 Prince Ernest Augustus II
(1845–1923)
1919–1923 Thyra of Denmark Son of George V Crown Prince of Hanover until 1866
Duke of Brunswick 1884–1913 [3]
4 Prince Ernest Augustus III
(1887–1953)
1923–1953 Victoria Louise of Prussia Son of Ernest Augustus II Duke of Brunswick 1913–1918
5 Prince Ernest Augustus IV
(1914–1987)
1953–1987 Ortrud of Glücksburg
(1951–1980)
Monika of Solms-Laubach
(1980–1987)
Son of Ernest Augustus III Prince of Hanover
Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg
6 Ernest Augustus V, Prince of Hanover
(born 1954)
1987–present Chantal Hochuli
1981–1997
Princess Caroline of Monaco
1999–present
Son of Ernest Augustus IV Prince of Hanover
Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg

Ernest Augustus V's heir-apparent would be his elder son Prince Ernst August of Hanover (born 1983).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Public Domain One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cumberland, Dukes and Earls of". Encyclopædia Britannica 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 620. 
  2. ^ Refused to give up claim to Hanover
  3. ^ Refused to give up claim to Hanover