Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale

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Dukedom of Cumberland and Teviotdale
Coat of Arms of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale.svg
Creation date 24 April 1799
Monarch George III
Peerage Peerage of Great Britain
First holder Prince Ernest Augustus
Last holder Prince Ernest Augustus II
Remainder to the 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titles Earl of Armagh
King of Hanover (1837–1866)
Status Suspended
Extinction date Suspended
28 March 1919

Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale was a title in the Peerage of Great Britain that was held by junior members of the British Royal Family, named after the county of Cumberland, England and after Teviotdale, Scotland. Held by the Hanoverian royals, it was suspended under the Titles Deprivation Act 1917, which revoked titles belonging to enemies of the United Kingdom during the Great War.

History[edit]

The title Duke of Cumberland had been created three times in the Peerages of England and Great Britain.

In 1799 the double dukedom of Cumberland and Teviotdale, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was bestowed on Ernest Augustus (later King of Hanover), fifth son of King George III of the United Kingdom.[1] In 1837 Ernest became king of Hanover, and on his death in 1851 the title descended with the kingdom to his son King George V, and on George's death in 1878 to his grandson Ernest Augustus. In 1866 Hanover was annexed by Prussia, but King George died without renouncing his rights. His son Ernest, while maintaining his claim to the kingdom of Hanover, was generally known by his title of Duke of Cumberland.[2]

The title was suspended for the Ernest's pro-German activities during World War I under the 1917 Titles Deprivation Act, as it was for his son. Under the Act the lineal male heirs of the 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale have the right to petition the British Crown for the restoration of his peerages. To date, none has done so. The present heir is Prince Ernst August of Hanover (born 26 February 1954), great grandson of the 3rd Duke and current head of the House of Hanover. He is the senior male-line descendant of George III of the United Kingdom.

Dukes of Cumberland and Teviotdale[edit]

After the Union of Great Britain, the Hanoverian kings liked to grant double titles (one from one constituent country, one from another) to emphasise unity.

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Prince Ernest Augustus
House of Hanover
1799–1851
also: Earl of Armagh (1799)
Prince Ernest Augustus 5 June 1771
Buckingham Palace
son of King George III and Queen Charlotte
Duchess Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1815
3 children
18 November 1851
Hanover
aged 80
Prince George
House of Hanover
1851–1878
also: Earl of Armagh (1799)
Prince George 27 May 1819
Berlin
son of Prince Ernest Augustus and Princess Frederica
Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg
1843
3 children
12 June 1878
Paris
aged 59
Prince Ernest Augustus
House of Hanover
1878–1919
also: Earl of Armagh (1799)
Prince Ernest Augustus 21 September 1845
Hanover
son of Prince George and Princess Marie
Princess Thyra of Denmark
1878
6 children
14 November 1923
Gmunden
aged 78
Titles Deprivation Act 1917 deprived the title on 28 March 1919.

Dukes of Cumberland and Teviotdale in pretense[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Prince Ernest Augustus
House of Hanover
1919–1923
also: Earl of Armagh (1799)
Prince Ernest Augustus 21 September 1845
Hanover
son of Prince George and Princess Marie
Princess Thyra of Denmark
1878
6 children
14 November 1923
Gmunden
aged 78
Prince Ernest Augustus
House of Hanover
1923–1953
also: Earl of Armagh (1799)
Prince Ernest Augustus 17 November 1887
Hanover
son of Prince Ernest Augustus and Princess Thyra
Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia
1913
5 children
30 January 1953
Hanover
aged 65
Prince Ernest Augustus
House of Hanover
1953–1987
also: Earl of Armagh (1799)
18 March 1914
Braunschweig
son of Prince Ernest Augustus and Princess Victoria Louise
Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
1951
6 children
Countess Monika of Solms-Laubach
1981
9 December 1987
Hanover
aged 79
Prince Ernest Augustus
House of Hanover
1987–present
also: Earl of Armagh (1799)
26 February 1954
Hanover
son of Prince Ernest Augustus and Princess Ortrud
Chantal Hochuli
1981
2 children
Princess Caroline of Monaco
1999
1 child

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 15126". The London Gazette. 23 April 1799. p. 372. 
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Cumberland, Dukes and Earls of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 620.