Duke of Gloucester Islands

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Duke of Gloucester Islands
Duke of Gloucester Islands is located in French Polynesia
Duke of Gloucester Islands
Duke of Gloucester Islands
Location in French Polynesia
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates20°16′S 143°56′W / 20.267°S 143.933°W / -20.267; -143.933Coordinates: 20°16′S 143°56′W / 20.267°S 143.933°W / -20.267; -143.933
ArchipelagoTuamotus
Area17.72 km2 (6.84 sq mi)
Administration
France
Overseas collectivityFrench Polynesia
Administrative subdivisionTuamotus
CommuneHao
Largest settlementOtetou
Demographics
Population56[1] (2012)
Map of the Tuamotus; the Duke of Gloucester Islands are located south of the main Tuamotu atoll cluster.

The Duke of Gloucester Islands (French: Îles du Duc de Gloucester) is a subgroup of the Tuamotu group in French Polynesia. They are located southeast of Tahiti and south of the main Tuamotu atoll cluster and are rather isolated.

Atolls[edit]

The Duke of Gloucester Islands include four atolls of relatively small size:

Hereheretue (19°52′S 144°58′W / 19.867°S 144.967°W / -19.867; -144.967) is located to the northwest of the group of the other three atolls, which are located at 20°36′S 143°20′W / 20.600°S 143.333°W / -20.600; -143.333 and are uninhabited. Hereheretue is the only permanently inhabited island of the Duke of Gloucester Islands, with 57 inhabitants in 2002.

History[edit]

First sighting recorded by Europeans was by the Spanish expedition of Pedro Fernández de Quirós on 4 February 1606. They were named Cuatro Coronas ("Four Crowns" in Spanish). Gaspar González de Leza, pilot of Fernández de Quiros, charted them as Cuatro Anegadas ("Flooded Four").[2]

They were renamed Duke of Gloucester Islands by the British explorer Philip Carteret, who visited them in 1767, in honour of Prince William, Duke of Gloucester.[3]

Administration[edit]

Administratively the four atolls of the Duke of Gloucester Islands belong to the commune of Hereheretue, which is associated with the Hao commune.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population". Institut de la statistique de la Polynésie française. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  2. ^ Burney, James A chronological history of the discoveries in the South Sea or Pacific Ocean London, 1803, vII, p.326.
  3. ^ "Te-moana-nui-o-Kiwa". Expedition Magazine. University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.

External links[edit]

Media related to Duke of Gloucester Islands at Wikimedia Commons