House of Hohenberg
|House of Hohenberg|
Coat of arms of the Dukes of Hohenberg
|Titles||Duke of Hohenberg
Prince of Hohenberg
|Founder||Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg|
|Current head||Georg, Duke of Hohenberg|
The Ducal House of Hohenberg is an Austrian noble family that descends from Countess Sophie Chotek (1868–1914), who in 1900 married Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Este (1863–1914), the heir presumptive to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. As their marriage was a morganatic one, none of their children were in the line of succession to the Austro-Hungarian throne. Still, they represent the senior agnatic line of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.
Establishment and history
The House of Hohenberg was established by imperial decree of Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria when, upon the couple's marriage in 1900, he created Francis Ferdinand's wife Fürstin von Hohenberg (Princess of Hohenberg) in her own right with the style of Durchlaucht (Serene Highness) and the specification that this name and title should also be borne by her descendants.
In 1909, the Emperor raised Sophie to the more senior title of Herzogin von Hohenberg (Duchess of Hohenberg) with the superior style of Hoheit (Highness). Since that title had been granted ad personam, it expired upon Sophie's assassination in 1914.
In 1917, Emperor Charles of Austria granted the eldest son of Francis Ferdinand and Sophie the title of "Duke" with the style of Highness. The other members of the family retained the titles of "Prince" or "Princess" with the lesser style of Serene Highness. Thus, Maximilian became the first "Duke of Hohenberg", with the dukedom being hereditary according to primogeniture in the male line. Following the collapse of the monarchy, the Austrian nobility, along with hereditary titles and such nobiliary particles as "von", were abolished by law in 1919.
In 1938, several members of the family who were opposed to Adolf Hitler were arrested by the Nazis and sent to Dachau concentration camp, most notably Maximilian and his brother Ernst. The current head of the family, Georg, was ambassador of the Republic of Austria to the Holy See during part of the pontificate of Pope John Paul II. He is also a Knight of the Golden Fleece.
Members of the Hohenberg family are not only descended from, and married into, the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, but are also related through marriage to several other European dynasties, including the Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg and the Princely Family of Liechtenstein.
Artstetten Castle was selected to provide the main theme for an Austrian 10 euro commemorative coin, minted on 13 October 2004. The reverse shows the entrance to the crypt of the Hohenberg family. There are two portraits on the left, showing Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg.
Titles and styles
The head of the ducal house is titled as Herzog von Hohenberg (Duke of Hohenberg), his wife as Herzogin von Hohenberg (Duchess of Hohenberg), each of his sons as Fürst von Hohenberg (Prince of Hohenberg; see here), and female members (by birth or marriage) as Fürstin von Hohenberg (Princess of Hohenberg).
Duchess of Hohenberg (1909–1914)
- Sophie (1868–1914), previously Princess of Hohenberg from the time of her marriage in 1900.
Dukes of Hohenberg (1917–present)
|Ducal Family of Hohenberg|
HH The Duke
- Maximilian (1902–1962), 1st Duke, eldest son of Sophie; with issue.
- Franz (1927–1977), 2nd Duke, eldest son of Maximilian; with issue.
- Georg (born 1929), 3rd Duke, second son of Maximilian; with issue.
Line of succession to the ducal title
The line of succession to the title of Duke of Hohenberg is as follows:
- Prince Nikolaus of Hohenberg (b. 1961), heir apparent, son of Duke Georg
- Prince Karl of Hohenberg (b. 1991), son of Prince Nikolaus
- Prince Maximilian of Hohenberg (b. 1970), son of Duke Georg
- Prince Nikolaus of Hohenberg (b. 2001), son of Prince Maximilian
- Prince Leopold of Hohenberg (b. 2006), son of Prince Maximilian
- Prince Albrecht of Hohenberg (b. 1931), son of Duke Maximilian
- Prince Leo Johannes of Hohenberg (b. 1964), son of Prince Albrecht
- Prince Adrien of Hohenberg (b. 2003), son of Prince Leo Johannes
- Prince Stephan of Hohenberg (b. 1972), son of Duke Maxmilian's late son Johannes
- Prince Nepomuk of Hohenberg (b. 2005), son of Prince Stephan
- Prince Georg of Hohenberg (b. 1975), son of Duke Maxmilian's late son Johannes
- Prince Peter of Hohenberg (b. 1936), son of Duke Maximilian
- Prince Gerhard of Hohenberg (b. 1941), son of Duke Maximilian
- Prince Franz Ferdinand of Hohenberg (b. 1969), a male-line grandson of Duchess Sophie's son Ernst
- Prince Maximilian of Hohenberg (b. 2001), son of Prince Franz Ferdinand
- Prince Ernst of Hohenberg (b. 1944), son of Duchess Sophie's son Ernst