Duke of St Albans

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dukedom of St Albans
Coronet of a British Duke.svg
Arms of the Dukes of St Albans
Arms of Murray Beauclerk, Duke of St Albans: Grand quarterly, 1st and 4th grand quarters: the Royal Arms of Charles II, viz quarterly: 1st and 4th, France and England quarterly; 2nd, Scotland; 3rd, Ireland; the whole debruised by a baton sinister gules charged with three roses argent barbed and seeded proper (Beauclerk); 2nd and 3rd grand quarters: quarterly Gules and Or in the first quarter a mullet argent (De Vere).
Creation date 10 January 1684
Monarch Charles II
Peerage Peerage of England
First holder Charles Beauclerk, 1st Duke of St Albans
Present holder Murray Beauclerk, 14th Duke
Heir apparent Charles Beauclerk, Earl of Burford
Remainder to the 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titles Earl of Burford
Baron Heddington
Baron Vere
Armorial motto Auspicium melioris aevi ("A pledge of better times")[1]

Duke of St Albans is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1684 for Charles Beauclerk, 1st Earl of Burford, then fourteen years old. King Charles II had accepted that Burford was his illegitimate son by Eleanor Gwynn (commonly known as 'Nell'), an actress, and awarded him the Dukedom just as he had awarded the Dukedoms of Monmouth, Southampton, Grafton, Northumberland and Richmond and Lennox on his other illegitimate sons.

The subsidiary titles of the Duke are: Earl of Burford, in the County of Oxford (1676), Baron Heddington, in the County of Oxford (1676) and Baron Vere, of Hanworth in the County of Middlesex (1750). The Earldom and the Barony of Heddington are in the Peerage of England, and the Barony of Vere is in the Peerage of Great Britain. The Dukes of St Albans also bear the hereditary title of Grand Falconer of England, and Hereditary Registrar of the Court of Chancery.

The eldest son and heir of the Duke of St Albans is known by the courtesy title Earl of Burford, and Lord Burford's eldest son and heir is known as Lord Vere.

Recent Dukes of St Albans have not held a landed estate. Former seats of the Dukes of St Albans were Bestwood Lodge in Nottinghamshire, now a hotel,[2] and Upper Gatton Park in Surrey.[3]

The accepted pronunciation of the family surname Beauclerk is reflected in the original alternative rendering Beauclaire: boh-clair.[4]

Dukes of St Albans (1684)[edit]

Arms of the 1st Duke of St Albans
Other titles: Earl of Burford, in the county of Oxford, and Baron Heddington, in the county of Oxford (1676)
Other titles (5th Duke onwards): Baron Vere, of Hanworth in the county of Middlesex (1750)

The heir apparent is Charles Francis Topham de Vere Beauclerk, Earl of Burford (b. 1965) (only son of the 14th Duke).

The heir apparent's heir apparent is his only son, James Malcolm Aubrey Edward de Vere Beauclerk, Lord Vere (b. 1995).

Barons Vere (1750)[edit]

for subsequent Barons Vere see Dukes of St Albans above

Line of succession[edit]

  1. Charles Francis Topham de Vere Beauclerk, Earl of Burford (b. 1965) (only son of the 14th Duke)
  2. James Malcolm Aubrey Edward de Vere Beauclerk, Lord Vere (b. 1995) (only son of Lord Burford)
  3. Lord Peter Charles de Vere Beauclerk (b. 1948) (second son of the 13th Duke)
  4. Tenzin Beauclerk (b. 2005) (younger but only surviving son of Lord Peter)
  5. Lord James Charles Fesq de Vere Beauclerk (b. 1949) (third son of the 13th Duke)
  6. Lord John William Aubrey de Vere Beauclerk (b. 1950) (youngest son of the 13th Duke)
  7. William Rafael Beauclerk, Marques de Valero de Urria (great-great-great-great-grandson of Lord Sidney Beauclerk, fifth son of the 1st Duke)
  8. Alexander Charles Beauclerk (b. 1990) (elder son of the Marques de Valero de Urria)
  9. Cameron Beauclerk (b. 1993) (younger son of the Marques de Valero de Urria)

Only those at positions 1 to 6 are in remainder to the Barony of Vere.

Arms[edit]


Family tree[edit]

Beauclerk family tree: Dukes of St. Albans


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Charles II
(1630–r.1660–1685)
 
Nell Gwyn
(1650–1687)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duke of Monmouth
Dukes of Buccleuch
 
 
Dukes of Cleveland
& Southampton
 
 
Duke of Northumberland
 
 
Dukes of Richmond
& Lennox
 
 
Earl of Plymouth
 
Dukes of Grafton
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EARL OF BURFORD, 1676
DUKE OF ST. ALBANS, 1684
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles Beauclerk,
1st Duke of St. Albans

illegitimate
(1670–1726)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles Beauclerk,
2nd Duke of St. Albans

(1696–1751)
 
Lord William Beauclerk
(1698–1733)
 
 
 
Vere Beauclerk,
1st Baron Vere of Hanworth

(1699–1781)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
George Beauclerk,
3rd Duke of St. Albans

(1720–1786)
 
Charles Beauclerk
(d. 1775)
 
 
 
Aubrey Beauclerk,
2nd Baron Vere of Hanworth,
5th Duke of St. Albans

(1740–1802)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
George Beauclerk,
4th Duke of St. Albans

(1758–1787)
 
Aubrey Beauclerk,
6th Duke of St. Albans

(1765–1815)
 
William Beauclerk,
8th Duke of St. Albans

(1766–1825)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aubrey Beauclerk,
7th Duke of St. Albans
(1815–1816)
 
William Aubrey de Vere Beauclerk,
9th Duke of St. Albans

(1801–1849)
 
Lord Charles Beauclerk
(1813–1861)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
William Amelius Aubrey
de Vere Beauclerk,
10th Duke of St. Albans

(1840–1898)
 
Aubrey Topham Beauclerk
(1850–1933)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles Victor Albert Aubrey
de Vere Beauclerk,
11th Duke of St. Albans

(1870–1934)
 
Osborne de Vere Beauclerk,
12th Duke of St. Albans

(1874–1964)
 
Charles Frederick Aubrey
de Vere Beauclerk,
13th Duke of St. Albans

(1915–1988)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Murray de Vere Beauclerk,
14th Duke of St. Albans

(b. 1939)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles Francis Topham
de Vere Beauclerk,
Earl of Burford

(b. 1965)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
James Malcolm Aubrey Edward
de Vere Beauclerk,
Lord Vere
(b. 1995)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1876, p.411
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2] Sale brochure for Upper Gatton Park, June 2016.
  4. ^ British Museum – Madame Ellen Groinn

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Donald Adamson and Peter Beauclerk Dewar, The House of Nell Gwyn. The Fortunes of the Beauclerk Family, 1670-1974, London: William Kimber, 1974