Duke of Sussex

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Dukedom of Sussex
Coat of Arms of Harry, Duke of Sussex.svg
Creation date16 July 2018[1]
CreationSecond
MonarchElizabeth II
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
Present holderPrince Harry
Heir apparentnone
Remainder tothe 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten[1]
Subsidiary titlesEarl of Dumbarton
Baron Kilkeel
StatusExtant[2]

The Duke of Sussex is a substantive title, one of several royal dukedoms, that has been created twice in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It takes its name from the county of Sussex in England.

The dukedom was first conferred on 24 November 1801 upon Prince Augustus Frederick,[3] the sixth son of King George III. He was made Baron Arklow and Earl of Inverness at the same time, also in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The title became extinct upon Prince Augustus Frederick's death in 1843. Although he was survived by a son and daughter by Lady Augusta Murray, their marriage had been annulled for lack of royal permission under the Royal Marriages Act 1772, rendering the children illegitimate under English law and unable to inherit titles from their father. Both children by the annulled marriage died childless, rendering the issue of their inheritance moot.

In 2018, the title was recreated and granted to Prince Harry to mark the occasion of his wedding to Meghan Markle. Prince Harry was granted the subsidiary titles Earl of Dumbarton in Scotland and Baron Kilkeel in Northern Ireland at the same time.[4]

History[edit]

A title associated with Sussex first appeared with the Kingdom of Sussex, an Anglo-Saxon kingdom that was annexed by the Kingdom of Wessex about 827[5] and that later became part of the Kingdom of England. In charters, Sussex's monarchs were sometimes referred to as ealdormen, or duces in Latin, which is sometimes translated as "dukes".

The title of Duke of Sussex was conferred upon Prince Augustus Frederick, the sixth son of King George III, on 24 November 1801.[3] Prince Augustus Frederick purportedly married first Lady Augusta Murray at St George's Hanover Square Church, Westminster in 1793, and second Lady Cecilia Gore at Great Cumberland Place, London, on 2 May 1831. Both "marriages" were in contravention of the Royal Marriages Act 1772; thus the couple's children were illegitimate. Not being the Prince's legitimate wife, Lady Cecilia could not be received at court. On 30 March 1840, she was given the title of Duchess of Inverness in her own right by Queen Victoria.[6] Since Augustus Frederick had no legitimate issue, his titles became extinct on his death in 1843.

In 1999, before the wedding of Prince Edward, the youngest son of Elizabeth II, some had suggested the Dukedoms of Sussex or Cambridge as the most likely titles to be granted to him. Instead, Prince Edward was created Earl of Wessex, and it was announced that he would eventually be created Duke of Edinburgh, a title currently held by his father, Prince Philip.[7] There was again speculation that Prince William might be given the Sussex title on his wedding to Catherine Middleton in April 2011,[8] but he was instead created Duke of Cambridge.

On 19 May 2018 Prince Harry was created Duke of Sussex in England, Earl of Dumbarton in Scotland, and Baron Kilkeel in Northern Ireland to mark the occasion of his wedding to Meghan Markle, who thereby became the first Duchess of Sussex.[2][9]

Dukes of Sussex[edit]

First creation, 1801[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Prince Augustus Frederick
House of Hanover
1801–1843
also: Earl of Inverness and Baron Arklow (1801)
Prince Augustus Frederick 27 January 1773
Buckingham House, London
son of King George III and Queen Charlotte
4 April 1793
Lady Augusta Murray
2 children

2 May 1831
Lady Cecilia Underwood
No children
21 April 1843
Kensington Palace, London
aged 70
Prince Augustus' marriage to Lady Augusta Murray, which produced two children, was invalid under the Royal Marriages Act 1772; accordingly all his titles became extinct on his death.

Second creation, 2018[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Prince Harry
House of Windsor
2018–present
also: Earl of Dumbarton and Baron Kilkeel (2018)[2]
Prince Harry 15 September 1984
St Mary's Hospital, London
son of Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales
19 May 2018
Meghan Markle
 –
now 34 years, 159 days old

Family tree[edit]

Family tree: Dukes of Sussex
 
 
 
 
 
 
King George III
(1738 – r. 1760–1820)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DUKE OF SUSSEX, 1801
King George IV
(1762 – r. 1820–1830)
 
King William IV
(1765 – r. 1830–1837)
 
Prince Edward,
Duke of Kent

(1767–1820)
 
 
 
Prince Augustus Frederick,
Duke of Sussex

(1773–1843)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen Victoria
(1819 – r. 1837–1901)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Edward VII
(1841 – r. 1901–1910)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
King George V
(1865 – r. 1910–1936)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
King Edward VIII
(1894–1972, r.1936)
 
King George VI
(1895 – r. 1936–1952)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Queen Elizabeth II
(1926 – r. 1952–)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Charles,
Prince of Wales

(1948–)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DUKE OF SUSSEX, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prince William,
Duke of Cambridge

(1982–)
 
Prince Harry,
Duke of Sussex

(1984–)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "No. 62358". The London Gazette. 20 July 2018. p. 12928.
  2. ^ a b c Royal.UK — Prince Harry and Meghan Markle: Announcement of Titles (Accessed 19 May 2018)
  3. ^ a b "No. 15429". The London Gazette. 24 November 1801. p. 1403.
  4. ^ Davies, Caroline (19 May 2018). "Harry and Meghan to be Duke and Duchess of Sussex". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  5. ^ Edwards, Heather (2004). "Ecgberht [Egbert] (d. 839), king of the West Saxons in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
  6. ^ "No. 19842". The London Gazette. 31 March 1840. p. 858.
  7. ^ "His Royal Highness was born with the title Prince Edward, as he is a son of The Sovereign. He was created The Earl of Wessex and Viscount Severn on his marriage in 1999". Royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  8. ^ "Kate Middleton will inherit a host of titles". Cambridge News. 16 November 2010. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Meghan Markle's royal title is Duchess of Sussex". The Independent. 17 April 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2018.