Duke of Windsor

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Dukedom of Windsor
Coat of Arms of Edward, Duke of Windsor.svg
Creation date8 March 1937
CreationFirst
MonarchKing George VI
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderPrince Edward
Last holderPrince Edward
Remainder tothe 1st Duke's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
StatusExtinct
Extinction date28 May 1972

The Duke of Windsor was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 8 March 1937, for former King Edward VIII, following his abdication on 11 December 1936. The dukedom takes its name from the town where Windsor Castle, a residence of English monarchs since the time of Henry I, following the Norman Conquest, is situated. Windsor has been the house name of the royal family since 1917.

History[edit]

King Edward VIII abdicated on 11 December 1936, so that he could marry the American divorcée Wallis Simpson.

At the time of the abdication, there was controversy as to how the ex-King should be titled. The new King George VI apparently brought up the idea of a title just after the abdication instrument was signed, and suggested using "the family name".[1]

Neither the Instrument of Abdication signed by Edward VIII on 10 December 1936, nor its enabling legislation, His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936, indicated whether the king was renouncing the privileges of royal birth as well as relinquishing the throne.[2][3]

On 12 December 1936, at the Accession Council of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, George VI announced he was to make his brother the "Duke of Windsor" with the style of Royal Highness.[4] That declaration is recorded in the London Gazette.[5] The Dukedom was formalised by Letters Patent on 8 March 1937. Edward, as a royal duke, could neither stand for election to the House of Commons nor speak on political subjects in the House of Lords.[6] On 3 June 1937, Edward married Wallis Simpson, who upon their marriage became the Duchess of Windsor. Following his abdication, Edward and Wallis Simpson lived in exile in Paris, France.

The Dukedom of Windsor became extinct on the death of its first and sole holder in 1972. The Duchess of Windsor died in 1986. The Dukedom remains vacant.

Dukes of Windsor (1936)[edit]

Duke Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Prince Edward
House of Windsor
1937–1972
Prince Edward 23 June 1894
White Lodge, Richmond
son of King George V and Queen Mary
Wallis Simpson
3 June 1937
No children
28 May 1972
Villa Windsor, Paris
aged 77

Royal Arms[edit]

As the Royal Arms go hand-in-hand with the crown, the undifferentiated Royal Arms passed to George VI. It was and is common heraldic practice for the eldest son to differentiate his arms in his father's lifetime, but the Duke of Windsor was left in the unusual position of an eldest son needing to difference his arms after his father's death. This was done by means of a label argent of three points, bearing on the middle point an imperial crown proper.[7]

Possible future creations[edit]

The Dukedom is currently extinct. While there was some speculation that it would be recreated for Prince Harry before his wedding to Meghan Markle, press reports also noted that its association with King Edward VIII's abdication, marriage to the twice-divorced American Wallis Simpson, and pre-War Nazi ties made it unsuitable.[8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This version is recounted in the Duke's memoir A King's Story
  2. ^ "His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  3. ^ "His Majesty's Declaration Of Abdication Bill". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  4. ^ "No. 34349". The London Gazette. 12 December 1936. p. 8111.
  5. ^ "No. 34350". The London Gazette. 15 December 1936. p. 8115.
  6. ^ Clive Wigram's conversation with Sir Claud Schuster, Clerk to the Crown and Permanent Secretary to the Lord Chancellor quoted in Bradford, p. 201
  7. ^ Prothero, David (24 September 2002). "Flags of the Royal Family, United Kingdom". Archived from the original on 31 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-03.
  8. ^ Scotti, Monique (19 May 2018). "A look at Harry and Meghan's new titles: Duke and Duchess of Sussex". Global News. Retrieved 19 May 2018. And then there was Windsor, which was a non-starter given that the last Duke of Windsor was the former King Edward VIII, who abdicated to marry another American divorcee, Wallis Simpson, and had some rather uncomfortable ties to the Nazis.
  9. ^ Davies, Caroline (19 May 2018). "Harry and Meghan to be Duke and Duchess of Sussex". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 May 2018. It was probably too early to bestow the title Duke of Windsor, as to do so would resurrect the memory of the Duchess of Windsor, Wallis Simpson, the last US divorcee to marry into the royal family, precipitating the abdication crisis of 1936.