Dukhan language

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тyъha тыл Tuha tıl
Native to Mongolia
Region Khövsgöl Province
Ethnicity Dukha
Native speakers
500 (date missing)[1]
  • Siberian
    • South Siberian
      • Sayan Turkic
        • Dukha
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog None

The Dukha or Dukhan language is an endangered Turkic variety spoken by approximately five hundred people of the Dukhan (a.k.a. Tsaatan) people in the Tsagaan-Nuur county of Khövsgöl Province in northern Mongolia. Dukhan belongs to the Taiga subgroup of Sayan Turkic (which also includes Tuvan and Tofa).[1] This language is nearly extinct and secondary use only. The ISO 639-3 proposal (request) code was dkh,[2] but was rejected.[3]

It is mostly related to the speech of Soyot of Buryatia.[4] Also, it is related to the speech of Tozhu Tuvans and Tofa language. Today, used mixing together with Mongolian.[5]


  1. ^ a b Elisabetta Ragagnin (2011), Dukhan, a Turkic Variety of Northern Mongolia, Description and Analysis, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden
  2. ^ Ted Bergman 2011. Request for New Language Code Element in ISO 639-3
  3. ^ Comments received for ISO 639-3 Change Request 2011-057
  4. ^ Endangered Languages of Indigenous Peoples of Siberia: The Soyot Language
  5. ^ http://www.mnh.si.edu/press_office/annual_reports/annualreport2002/3_excel_science.pdf