Duluth Air National Guard Base

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For the civilian use of this facility, see Duluth International Airport.
Duluth Air National Guard Base
Air National Guard.png
Part of Minnesota Air National Guard
Located at: Duluth International Airport, Minnesota
148th FW over the Pentagon.jpg
179th Fighter Squadron F-16Cs (81-783, 81-799) based at Duluth Air National Guard Base flying over the Pentagon performing air defense over the nation's capital.
Duluth ANGB is located in Minnesota
Duluth ANGB
Duluth ANGB
Location of Duluth Air National Guard Base, Minnesota
Coordinates 46°50′32″N 92°11′37″W / 46.84222°N 92.19361°W / 46.84222; -92.19361
Type Air National Guard Base
Site information
Controlled by  United States Air Force
Site history
Built 1948
In use 1948-Present
Garrison information
Garrison 148th Fighter Wing.png 148th Fighter Wing
Airfield information
IATA: noneICAO: none
Summary
Elevation AMSL 1,428 ft / 435.3 m
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
9/27 10,152 3,094 Concrete
3/21 5,699 1,737 Asphalt
F-106s of the 11th FIS preparing to land, ~1967
11th FIS F-102 Delta Dagger 56-1485 in arctic colors about 1959

Duluth Air National Guard Base is a United States Air National Guard base located on the grounds of Duluth International Airport. It is home to the 148th Fighter Wing.

History[edit]

The City of Duluth purchased the original property for the airport in 1929 from St. Louis County. The airport was constructed on 640 acres (2.6 km2) of land with two 2,650-foot (810 m) sod runways. Subsequently, in 1930, the airfield was dedicated as a public airport. The airport was called the Williamson-Johnson Municipal Airport until 1963 at which time it was renamed Duluth International Airport.

Air Defense Command[edit]

After World War II, the U.S. Air Force constructed permanent and semi-permanent facilities on land leased from the City of Duluth for use by the active Air Force and the Air National Guard. Beginning in 1948, The Minnesota Air National Guard built permanent facilities on the east end of the field. Air Defense Command (ADC) activated the 11th Fighter Interceptor Squadron on 1 December 1952 and the 515th Air Defense Squadron on 16 February 1953 under the Central Air Defense Force 31st Air Division. The 11th flew from Duluth until 1968, flying F-51H Mustangs, F-86D Sabrejets, F-89H/J Scorpions, F-102A Delta Daggers, and lastly F-106A Delta Dart interceptors. In 1968, the squadron was redesignated the 87th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron and continued to operate F-106s until 1979.[1]

In 1966, the Air Defense Command 29th Air Division, operated a SAGE radar command and control center from the airport.[2] SAGE was an automated control system for tracking and intercepting enemy bomber aircraft used by NORAD. In later versions, the system could automatically direct aircraft to an interception by sending commands directly to the aircraft's autopilot. In 1969, the SAGE facility closed and the 23d Air Division replaced it. The 23d AD which was responsible for the air defense of the upper midwest.[3]

Minnesota Air National Guard[edit]

The USAF phased out its Air Defense facilities in 1982,[4] but the Minnesota ANG continues its operations.

Along with its commercial airport usage, the Minnesota Air National Guard's 148th Fighter Wing (148 FW), an Air Combat Command (ACC)-gained unit, is located at the airport. The air national guard base occupies 153.3 acres (620,000 m2) on the northeast corner of the airport. Additionally, the munitions storage area (physically separated from the main base) occupies 16.71 acres (67,600 m2) north of Runway 09/27. The base has a total of 37 buildings; 18 industrial and 19 administrative. Normal base population is 320 personnel but surges to 1100 at least once each month during unit training assembly (UTA) drill sessions for the entire wing. The 148th previously flew the F-16A ADF and currently flies the F-16C Fighting Falcon.

Known ADCOM units assigned[edit]

  • 23d ADCOM Region, 8 December 1978
Transferred to ADTAC as 23d NORAD Region, 1 October 1979-31 December 1983
Re-designated: 29th Air Division, 1 April 1966
Re-designated: 23d Air Division, 19 November 1969-15 April 1982
Re-designated: 343d Fighter Group, 18 August 1955-1 January 1959
11th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron (FIS), 1 December 1952-30 June 1968
  • 4787th Air Base Squadron, 1 December 1952
Re-designated: 4787th Air Base Group, 28 August 1970-31 December 1983
  • 4645th Air Defense Squadron (SAGE), 1 July 1972
Re-designated: 23d Air Defense Squadron (ADS)/(SAGE), 1 January 1975-31 December 1983

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ USAF Aerospace Defense Command publication, The Interceptor, January 1979 (Volume 21, Number 1).
  2. ^ USAFHRA Document 00464260
  3. ^ USAFHRA Document 01011501
  4. ^ USAFHRA Document 01061883
  • A Handbook of Aerospace Defense Organization 1946 - 1980, by Lloyd H. Cornett and Mildred W. Johnson, Office of History, Aerospace Defense Center, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado
  • Winkler, David F. (1997), Searching the skies: the legacy of the United States Cold War defense radar program. Prepared for United States Air Force Headquarters Air Combat Command.
  • Information for Duluth AFS, MN
  • information for Duluth (BOMARC), MN

External links[edit]