|This article may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards, as Multiple problems with article.. (May 2009)|
|Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)|
Railway Station, Dum Dum
|Founded by||Jab Charnak|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|• Total||as per sensus 2,011, population 117,637 & more than 20,00,000 lacs as per Lok sabha constituency|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency(north Dum dum & south Dum dum)||north Dum dum & south Dum dum|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Dum Dum|
Dum Dum (Bengali দমদম Dômdôm) is a populated municipality now corporation under Barrakpore Commissionaire near north Kolkata. It comes under Barrackpore sub-division and North 24 Parganas district of the state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. It is one of the main entry points to the city of Kolkata, providing a number of transportation facilities into that city from the northwest, such as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, formerly Dum Dum Airport, which offers domestic and international flights. Dum Dum has developed into a modern commercial centre and also hosts the Ordnance Factory Dumdum (OFDC) and Gun & Shell Factory Cossipore(GSF) of the Ordnance Factories Board, which manufactures armaments and other equipment for the Indian Armed Forces, Navy & Air Force. Dum Dum region is about 10 km from the city centre, defined as the Esplanade, Kolkata. The nearby localities include Nager Bazar, Motijheel, Ghughu Danga, Private Road, Chatakal, Jawpur, Rajbari and Lal Bagan.
During the 19th century the area was home to the Dum Dum Arsenal, a British Royal Artillery armoury, where, in the early 1890s, Captain Neville Bertie-Clay developed a bullet with the jacket cut away at the tip to reveal its soft lead core (see hollow-point bullet), known informally as a dum-dum, or more correctly as an expanding bullet. The previous name of Dumdum was "Domdoma".
The 2011 India census reported that Dum Dum had a population of 117,637. The gender ratio was 927 females per 1000 males and 5.7 percent of the population was under six years of age. Effective literacy was 93.51 percent; male literacy was 94.09 percent and female literacy was 92.88 percent.
The Kolkata Metro previously terminated at Dum Dum metro station on the boundary of Dum Dum, with Dum Dum Road leading to the city and areas beyond. Since 2013, the line has been extended northwards to include the newly constructed Noapara station, which serves as the terminal point (north). However, the majority of trains still terminate at Dum Dum station, as it is better connected to other regions than Noapara.
The Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, or Kolkata Airport, is located on the periphery of Dum Dum and is therefore also called the Dum Dum Airport. There are flights to all major cities in India, as well as international flights to Dubai, Singapore, Bangkok, Doha, Kuala Lumpur, Kunming, Kathmandu, Dhaka, Chittagong, Yangon, Abu Dhabi, Colombo, Hong Kong and Paro.
Dum Dum railway station is on the Sealdah–Ranaghat line. The railway station and the metro station are in the same complex. The Circular Railway also terminates at the same station. The other stations in Dum Dum are located at Dum Dum Cantonment and Patipukur (on the Circular Railway line) and Airport Gate No 1 (on the single Airport line). Travel to airport by rail is inconvenient, as there are only a few trains at odd hours.
NH 34 starts from Dalkhola and ends at Dum Dum Road, one of the prime routes into the city of Dum Dum. Buses ply both arterial roads: the Jessore Road and the Dum Dum Road.
On Dum Dum Road the bus routes are 30B [Babughat-Gauripur], 202 [Nagerbazar-Science City], DN9 [Chapadali-[Dakshineswar]], Howrah-Nagerbazar Mini, Dankuni-Nagerbazar WBSTC, Rajchandrapur-Salt Lake white bus, S-9 [Airport Gate No.1- Nabanna]. On Jessore road there are more routes: 3C/1 [Nagerbazar- Anandapur via APC Road], 3C/2 [Nagerbazae Anandapur via Bidhan Sarani], 30C, 30D [Dum Dum Cantt- Babughat], 30E, 45, 45A, 45B, 47, 47A, 47B, 79B [Barasat-Bagbazar], 91, 91A, 91B, 93, 211A, 215, 215/1, 219, 219/1, 221, 223, KB16, DN8, DN18, Bagbazar-Birohi, S-13, R.G.Kar-Barasat. The minor roads on which buses ply are R.N. Guha Road (30B/1), Birati-Nimta road (237), Laketown connector (221, 223, 30C, 211A, 47, 47A), and Gorabazar-Cantonment Road (30D).
- From Airport to Bangur Avenue, 7 km
- From Airport to Cantonment, 5 km
- From Airport to Central Jail, 4 km
- From Airport to Dum Dum Station, 7 km
- From Airport to Laketown, 8 km
- From Airport to Nagerbazar, 5 km
- From Central Kolkata (Esplanade) to Bangur Avenue Jessore Road crossing, approximately 10 km
- From Central Kolkata (Esplanade) to Laketown Jessore Road crossing, approximately 9 km
- From Central Kolkata to Airport through VIP Road, approximately 22 km
- From Central Kolkata to Dum Dum Cantonment, approximately 15 km
- From Central Kolkata to Dum Dum Station through Central Avenue, BT Road, Chiriamore, approximately 10 km
- From Howrah railway station (Esplanade) to Nagerbazar, approximately 12 km through Central Avenue, Jessore Road
- From Subhasnagar to Airport, 5 km
Travel within Dum Dum
There are a plenty of blue private and mini-buses buses available, as well as a few CSTC or WBSTC or CTC buses. Autos are plentiful and can be used for short stretches, for example to travel from Dum Dum Station to Nagerbazar, or Dum Dum Station to Chiriamore. Nagerbazar is the hub of autos where there are 4 routes originates viz: 1) Nagerbazar Dum Dum Junction 2) Nagerbazar Dum Dum Cantt 3) Nagerbazar Airport 1 no. gate 4) Nagerbazar Laketown-Jessore Road Connector
In addition, there are taxis: Nagerbazar and Airport being the largest taxi stands; others are in Birati, Central Jail, Laketown, Bangur, and Kalindi. The Dum Dum Station area does not have many taxis as the area is extremely crowded. The other popular means of travel over short distances is the rickshaw, newly battery operated rickshaws [locally called Totos] can also be seen. Additionally there are magic cars plying to different areas like Dakshineswar, Bali, Barasat, Madhyamgram from Airport Gate No.1
Historically important places in the locality include:
- Bungalow of Lord Clive
- Dum Dum Cantonment, the birthplace of the Indian Rebellion of 1857
- Dum Dum Central Jail
- Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport
- The Little Dum Dum Club (current board members: Peter Warsaw and Jeff Kiev)
Sodepur, Birati, Sarat Coloney, Bangur Avenue, Lake Town, Tetultola, Patipukur, Paikpara, Dakhshindari, Dum Dum Park, Dakshin Para, Shyamnagar, Baguiati, Keshtopur, Teghoria, Nager Bazaar, Satgachi, Amarpalli, Kshudiram Colony, Nayapatti, Gora Bazaar, Durganagar, Padmapukur, Motijheel, Devinibash, Telipukur, M. M. Ghosh Road, Durgabati, Ajay Nagar, Kalindi, Greenpark, Lichubagan, Laxminagar, Subhas Nagar, Seth Bagan, Lal Bagan, Ghosh Para, Purba Sinthee, Madhugar and Nalta, Private Road, Chatakol, Hanuman Mandir, Fari, Jawpur,Baguiati, Deshbandhunagar and Rajarhat
There are four government general colleges in Dum Dum.
- Dum Dum Arts College
- Dum Dum Motijheel Science College (renowned college in the locality)
- Dum Dum Rabindra Mahabidyalay (formerly known as Motijheel Commerce College, located in Chatakal)
- Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship, established 1893
- Sarojini Naidu Girls College
There is also a private engineering college: Dr. Sudhir Chandra Sur Degree Engineering College in Surer Math.
There are many government sponsored schools, including:
- Dum Dum K K Hindu Academy
- Dum Dum Kishore Bharati High School
- Dum Dum Subhasnagar High School H.S.
- Dum Dum Baidyanath Institution
- Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Branch) Boys'
- Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Main) Boys'
- Dum Dum Kumar Ashutosh Institution (Main) Girls'
- Dum Dum Motijheel Girls High School
- Dum Dum Sree Aravinda Vidyamandir
- Krisnapur Adarsha Vidyamandir, Dum Dum Park
- KV Cossipore
- KV Dum Dum ordanance factory
- Northern Girls'
- Prachya Banimandir (girls and boys)
- Prachya High School
- Rameswar High School
- Sahid Khudiram High School
- Seth Bagan Adarsha Vidyamandir
- Siksha Niketan High School.
- Private schools
- Aditya Academy (Nursery-XII)
- Auxilium Convent School ( Nursery - XII )
- Calcutta Airport English High School (H.S)
- Dum Dum Christ Church Girls' High Secondary School(Infant-XII)
- Howard Memorial English School (Nursery to X)
- Indira Gandhi Memorial School (Std. I to XII)
- Seraphim's Public School (Std. I to XII)
- St. Mary's Orphanage & Day School (Nursery to Std. XII)
- St. Stephens School (Nursery to Std. XII)
- Tender Hearts (Nursery to Std. IV)
- WWA Cossipore English School (Nursery to Std. XII).
- Institute of Computer Accountant, Nagerbazaar Dum Dum
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012.
- "Base Map of Kolkata Metropolitan area". Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Retrieved 2007-09-03.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Dum Dum
- First world War
- India 9
- Specialist Ammunition Types
- 303 British
- BBC News
- "Dum Dum". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
- Indian College of Arts and Draftsmanship
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