Dumas, Texas

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Dumas, Texas
City
City of Dumas
Location of Dumas, Texas
Location of Dumas, Texas
Moore County Dumas.svg
Coordinates: 35°51′45″N 101°58′1″W / 35.86250°N 101.96694°W / 35.86250; -101.96694Coordinates: 35°51′45″N 101°58′1″W / 35.86250°N 101.96694°W / 35.86250; -101.96694
Country USA
State Texas
CountyMoore
Government
 • TypeCommission-Manager
 • MayorPat Sims
Area
 • Total5.54 sq mi (14.36 km2)
 • Land5.53 sq mi (14.31 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation3,662 ft (1,116 m)
Population
 • Total14,501
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
13,827
 • Density2,502.62/sq mi (966.19/km2)
Time zoneUTC–6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC–5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79029
Area code806
FIPS code48-21556[3]
GNIS feature ID1356433[2]
WebsiteCity Website

Dumas (/ˈdjməs/ DEW-məs) is a city in Moore County, Texas, United States. The population was 14,501 at the 2020 census. It is the county seat of Moore County.[5] Located about 40 miles north of Amarillo, the city is named for its founder, Louis Dumas (1856–1923). Dumas Avenue, the main thoroughfare, is also United States Highways 287 and 87.

Window on the Plains Museum, which offers exhibits on Moore County and the Texas Panhandle, is located on South Dumas Avenue, the main thoroughfare. Dumas is home to Moore County Airport, a general-aviation airport 2 miles west of the central business district.[6]

The Dumas government claims, with some documentation, that the song "I'm a Ding Dong Daddy From Dumas" was written about the city.[7] Composed in the late 1920s by Phil Baxter (a native Texan who lived for a time in Dumas) and Carl Moore, the song has also sometimes been claimed by Dumas in Desha County in southeastern Arkansas.

Geography[edit]

Dumas is located at 35°51′45″N 101°58′1″W / 35.86250°N 101.96694°W / 35.86250; -101.96694 (35.862478, –101.966931). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.52 square miles (14.3 km2), of which 5.5 square miles (14 km2) are land and 0.019 square miles (0.049 km2) of it (0.34%) is covered by water.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19402,117
19506,127189.4%
19608,47738.4%
19709,77115.3%
198012,19424.8%
199012,8715.6%
200013,7476.8%
201014,6916.9%
2019 (est.)13,827[4]−5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2020 census[edit]

Dumas racial composition[10]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 4,500 31.03%
Black or African American (NH) 282 1.94%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 64 0.44%
Asian (NH) 642 4.43%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 0.01%
Some Other Race (NH) 67 0.46%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 274 1.89%
Hispanic or Latino 8,671 59.8%
Total 14,501

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 14,501 people, 4,343 households, and 3,195 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, 14,691 people (an increase of 6.9% from the 2000 Census), 4,979 households, and 3,725 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,660 people per square mile (1,028/km2). The 5,340 housing units averaged 1047 per square mile (650.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.9% White, 2% African American, 0.9% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 15.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latino of any race were 50.5% of the population.

Of the 4,979 households, 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were not families. About 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the city, the population was distributed as 31.4% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 15 to 19, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 101 males. Of the population over the age of 18, for every 100 females, there were 98 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,298, and for a family was $52,536. Males had a median income of $37,589 versus $25,498 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,614. About 8.3% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[3]

Government[edit]

The City of Dumas describes its government as a commission-manager government with a mayor and four commissioners all elected from the city at-large, and a city manager appointed by the commission to serve as the administrative manager of the city.[13]

Economy[edit]

A large meatpacking plant in Cactus is a major employer for Moore County. The plant was formerly owned by Swift, and is now owned by a Brazilian conglomerate, JBS USA. The plant processes up to 5,000 head of cattle per day, and has a predominantly immigrant workforce.[14]

Education[edit]

Demon Stadium in Dumas

Dumas Independent School district serves the cities of Dumas and Cactus.

Secondary schools[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

  • Dumas Intermediate School (Dumas)
  • Green Acres Elementary School (Dumas)
  • Hillcrest Elementary School (Dumas)
  • Morningside Elementary School (Dumas)
  • Sunset Elementary School (Dumas)
  • Cactus Elementary School (Cactus)

Alternative schools[edit]

The North Plains Opportunity Center is an alternative school located within the Dumas Independent School District. The primary function of the school is to provide an alternative education for students who are at risk of dropping out of school, needing to recover lost credits, or desire to accelerate their education experiences to pursue college or career goals.[16]

Colleges[edit]

Amarillo College, a two-year, fully accredited community college, has a branch campus in Dumas.

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Dumas has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Dumas, Texas
  3. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ FAA Airport Form 5010 for DUX PDF, effective 2010-06/25
  7. ^ Funk, Jay B. "Legend of the Ding Dong Daddy" (PDF). City of Dumas, Texas.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  11. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  12. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  13. ^ Dumas, Texas - Code of Ordinances
  14. ^ Miroff, Nick (2018-03-04). "Trump says American workers are hurt by immigration. But after ICE raided this Texas town, they never showed up". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  15. ^ Blue Ribbon Schools Program, Schools Recognized 1982–1983 Through 1999–2002 (PDF)
  16. ^ "North Plains Opportunity Center Student/Parent Handbook" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  17. ^ "Biography". Joe King Carrasco. 2011. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  18. ^ Climate Summary for Dumas, Texas
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[11][12]

External links[edit]