Dumas, Texas

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Dumas, Texas
City of Dumas
Location of Dumas, Texas
Location of Dumas, Texas
Moore County Dumas.svg
Coordinates: 35°51′45″N 101°58′1″W / 35.86250°N 101.96694°W / 35.86250; -101.96694Coordinates: 35°51′45″N 101°58′1″W / 35.86250°N 101.96694°W / 35.86250; -101.96694
Country  USA
State  Texas
County Moore
 • Type Commission-Manager
 • Mayor Pat Sims
 • Total 5.52 sq mi (14.29 km2)
 • Land 5.52 sq mi (14.29 km2)
 • Water 0.019 sq mi (0.049 km2)
Elevation 3,661 ft (1,116 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 15,691
 • Density 2,660/sq mi (1,028/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC–6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC–5)
ZIP code 79029
Area code(s) 806
FIPS code 48-21556[1]
GNIS feature ID 1356433[2]
Website City Website

Dumas (/ˈdjməs/ DEW-mus) is a city in Moore County, Texas, United States. The population was 14,691 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Moore County.[3] Located approximately fifty miles north of Amarillo, the city is named for its founder, Louis Dumas (1856–1923). Dumas Avenue, the main thoroughfare, is also United States Highways 287 and 87.

Window on the Plains Museum, which offers exhibits on Moore County and the Texas Panhandle, is located on South Dumas Avenue, the main thoroughfare. Dumas is home to Moore County Airport, a general aviation airport 2 miles west of the central business district.[4]

The Dumas government claims, with some documentation, that the song "I'm a Ding Dong Daddy From Dumas" was written about the city.[5] Composed in the late 1920s by Phil Baxter (a native Texan who lived for a time in Dumas) and Carl Moore, the song has also sometimes been claimed by Dumas in Desha County in southeastern Arkansas.


Dumas is located at 35°51′45″N 101°58′1″W / 35.86250°N 101.96694°W / 35.86250; -101.96694 (35.862478, -101.966931). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.52 square miles (14.3 km2), of which, 5.5 square miles (14 km2) of it is land and 0.019 square miles (0.049 km2) of it (0.34%) is water.[6]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201614,916[7]1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census of 2010, there were 14,691 people (an increase of 6.9% from the 2000 Census), 4,979 households, and 3,725 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,660 people per square mile (1,028/km²). There were 5,340 housing units at an average density of 1047 per square mile (650.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.9% White, 2% African American, 0.9% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 15.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 50.5% of the population.

There were 4,979 households out of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.4% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 15 to 19, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 101 males. Of the population over the age of 18, for every 100 females there were 98 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,298, and the median income for a family was $52,536. Males had a median income of $37,589 versus $25,498 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,614. About 8.3% of families and 11.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[1]


The City of Dumas describes its government as a Commission-Manager Government with a mayor and four commissioners all elected from the city at-large, and a city manager appointed by the commission to serve as the administrative manager of the city.[9]

The current mayor is Pat Sims.[10]


A large meatpacking plant in Cactus is a major employer for Moore County. The plant was formerly owned by Swift, and is now owned by a Brazilian conglomerate, JBS USA. The plant processes up to 5,000 head of cattle per day, and has a predominantly immigrant workforce.[11]


Demon Stadium in Dumas

Dumas Independent School district serves the cities of Dumas and Cactus.

Secondary schools[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

  • Dumas Intermediate School (Dumas)
  • Green Acres Elementary School (Dumas)
  • Hillcrest Elementary School (Dumas)
  • Morningside Elementary School (Dumas)
  • Sunset Elementary School (Dumas)
  • Cactus Elementary School (Cactus)

Alternative schools[edit]

The North Plains Opportunity Center (Op-Center) is an alternative school located within the Dumas Independent School District. The primary function of the school is to provide an alternative education for the student who is at risk of dropping out of school, needing to recover lost credits or who desires to accelerate their education experience in order to pursue college or career goals.[13]


Amarillo College, a two-year fully accredited community college, has a branch campus in Dumas.

Notable people[edit]

Dumas is the home of Republican former State Representative David A. Swinford, now a lobbyist, and the birthplace of Joe "King" Carrasco.[14]

Bassist Tommy Shannon, who is best known as a member of Stevie Ray Vaughan & Double Trouble formed by guitarist/singer Stevie Ray Vaughan. He grew up mainly in Dumas. Shannon joined his first band, The Avengers, around age 13. The band members were Shannon on guitar, Tim Easley on vocals, Jim Love on guitar and David Davis on drums. In high school, Shannon was in the band Ekos. Soon after high school, he moved to Dallas from Dumas and joined a soul cover band in 1966, initially called The New Breed, and later The Young Lads. Shannon recorded two 45's with this band, which featured Tim Easley on vocals and Uncle John Turner on drums.[citation needed]



According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Dumas has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[15]


  1. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for DUX (Form 5010 PDF), effective 2010-06/25
  5. ^ Funk, Jay B. "Legend of the Ding Dong Daddy" (PDF). City of Dumas, Texas. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ Dumas, Texas - Code of Ordinances
  10. ^ "Dumas Government". City of Dumas, Texas. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  11. ^ Miroff, Nick (2018-03-04). "Trump says American workers are hurt by immigration. But after ICE raided this Texas town, they never showed up". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  12. ^ Blue Ribbon Schools Program, Schools Recognized 1982-1983 Through 1999-2002 (PDF)
  13. ^ "North Plains Opportunity Center Student/Parent Handbook" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2015. 
  14. ^ "Biography". Joe King Carrasco. 2011. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  15. ^ Climate Summary for Dumas, Texas

External links[edit]