Dumi language

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Region Khotang district, Nepal
Native speakers
7,600 (2011 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 dus
Glottolog dumi1241[2]

Dumi is a Kiranti language spoken in the area around the Tap and Rava rivers and their confluence in northern Khotang district, Nepal. It is spoken in the villages such as Makpa, Kharbari, Baksila, Sapteshwor, and Kharmi (Ethnologue).

Dialects are Kharbari, Lamdija, and Makpa, with Makpa being the most divergent dialect (Ethnologue).

It is one of the rarest and least spoken languages in the world, with only 8 counted speakers of it in a 2007 study[3]


  1. ^ Dumi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Dumi". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ http://www.toptenz.net/top-10-rarest-languages.php
  • van Driem, George. 1988. 'The verbal morphology of Dumi Rai simplicia', Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, 11 (1): 134-207.
  • van Driem, George. 1989. 'Reflexes of the Tibeto-Burman *⟨-t⟩ directive suffix in Dumi Rai', pp. 157–167 in David Bradley, Eugénie Henderson and Martine Mazaudon, eds., Prosodic Analysis and Asian Linguistics: To Honour R.K. Sprigg. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  • van Driem, George. 1993. A Grammar of Dumi. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

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