Dumitru Dămăceanu

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Dumitru Dămăceanu, 1945

Dumitru Dămăceanu (1896 – 1978) was a Romanian army officer in World War II, later promoted to Brigadier-General, who played a predominant role in the Royal coup of August 23, 1944.[1]

Military and diplomatic career[edit]

Before World War II[edit]

Before the war, he was military attaché in Rome, Italy, director at the Voievodul Mihai School, and adjutant to King Carol II.[2]

During World War II[edit]

From 1941 to 1942 he was commanding officer of the 10th Roşiori Cavalry Regiment, fighting on the Eastern Front.[3] From 1942 to 1944 he was Chief of Staff of the Capital Military Command.

August 23, 1944 coup d'etat[edit]

Colonel Dămăceanu participated in the August 23, 1944 coup d'etat led by King Michael against the government of Marshal Ion Antonescu. He organized and coordinated the military actions and resistance in Bucharest. By the end of August 1944, he travelled to Moscow with a Romanian delegation; they were received by Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov on August 30 or 31.[4] On September 12, 1944, General Dămăceanu was one of the plenipotentiary signatories of the Armistice Agreement between Romania and the Soviet Union (the other signatories were Lucrețiu Pătrășcanu, Ghiţă Popp, and Barbu Ştirbey on the Romanian side, and Rodion Malinovsky on the Soviet side).

Paris Peace Conference[edit]

Gen. Dumitru Damaceanu signing the Paris Peace Treaties, 1947 February 10

In 1946, he was a member of the Gheorghe Tătărescu-led Romanian delegation to the Paris WW II Peace Conference. The Peace Treaty with Romania was signed in Paris on February 10, 1947, in the Salon de l'Horloge of the Ministère des Affaires Étrangères. On the Romanian side, the four signatories were Gheorghe Tătărescu (Council[dubious ] Vice-President), Lucrețiu Pătrășcanu (Minister of Justice), Ştefan Voitec (Minister of National Education), and Dămăceanu (Under-Secretary - Ministry of War). Other signatories included James F. Byrnes (US Secretary of State, for the United States), Vyacheslav Molotov (Foreign Affairs Minister, for the Soviet Union), and Ernest Bevin (Foreign Affairs Secretary, for the United Kingdom).[5]

1944-1947[edit]

By then[dubious ] Colonel General Dumitru Dămăceanu was promoted to Army General.[1]

From August 23, 1944 to December 30, 1947 he was Under-Secretary of State at the Ministry of Interior, Council of Ministers, Ministry of War-Land Forces.

Under the communist regime[edit]

Persecution[edit]

After King Michael's forced abdication and the complete Communist takeover, Dămăceanu was removed from the army. During the early 1950s he was degraded, arrested, tried and sentenced to serve time in prison.

Rehabilitation[edit]

After being released, during the 1960s, he was rehabilitated, receiving back his military rank - as a reserve officer. In 1974 he was promoted from the rank of colonel general to that of army general by presidential decree.[6][dubious ]

Private life[edit]

In 1932 he married Georgeta Stroescu (born October 1912, died March 1996), and they had a daughter, Gabriela Romana Dămăceanu, born in May 1938 in Rome, Italy, while he was a military attaché.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Woller, p. 112
  2. ^ Secasiu
  3. ^ Cristoiu
  4. ^ Micu
  5. ^ Dimăncescu
  6. ^ Decret prezidenţial nr. 151/19 August 1974

References[edit]

  • (in Romanian) Ion Cristoiu, "Istoria ca telenovelă - Deşănţata culme a propagandei", in Jurnalul Naţional, May 14, 2006.
  • (in Romanian) Andreea Sminchise, "Centenarii României – 'Pacepa mi-a distrus băiatul...'", in Jurnalul Naţional, March 27, 2007.
  • (in Romanian) Cornel Micu, "Armata Roşie ocupă Bucureştiul", in Jurnalul Naţional, October 26, 2005.
  • (in Romanian) "Tristeţea omuleţului lui Gopo", in Săptămâna Financiară, June 20, 2005
  • (in Romanian) "Generalul Aurel Aldea: 'Acesta este adevărul'-Document din arhivele Securităţii", from an article in Revista 22, by Claudiu Secasiu
  • "Paris-WWII Peace Conference-1946: Settling Romania's Western Frontiers", notes prepared by Dan Dimăncescu from original files and records of D. Dem Dimăncescu, member of the Romanian Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference, available at the Honorary Consulate of Romania in Boston
  • Rudolf Woller, "Warsaw Pact Reserve Systems: A White Paper", Bernard & Graefe, Munich, 1978. ISBN 3-7637-5205-6

External links[edit]